The Gambian mongoose is usually a brownish gray color. They have a dark strip of fur on the sides of her neck in a light color. The short, wedge-shaped tail is not thick. They have five toes on each leg, which is a goal from the sole to the wrist and heel. Their faces are short and have only two molars on each jaw. There is no significant sexual dimorphism. Women have six mothers.
The Gambian mongoose is daytime, sociable and earthly. They live in groups of 10-20 people, but the groups have been known to number more than 40. The groups consist of adults of both sexes who collect food together. Clashes between animals of different groups are often noisy with a lot of struggle between neighbors. This mongoose is very eloquent, communicating with many sounds. A call that sounds like a Twitter bird is used to keep a group together while gathering food. A louder, higher Twitter is used to indicate danger.
Reproduction takes place at any time of the year with a younger one born during the rainy season. All women in the group reproduce within the same time. Groups can breed up to four times a year, but individually women do not breed as often. Mating occurs 1-2 weeks after the young are born. Mongooses often breed with others of another group, but most remain within the group. While the mother’s forage is for food, two men stand guard at the entrance of the den. This mongoose is a communal sucker methods, calves are breast-fed by any lactating woman. Young people are weaned at the age of about one month, and at this time they join the group in search of food.
Mungo or Zebra Mongoose
Mungo or zebra mongoose - Mungos mungo - a predatory mammal of the wyverrov family. Body length 30-45 cm, tail 23-29 cm. Torso on short legs, covered with coarse hair. The color is brownish-gray with alternating light and dark transverse stripes. Distributed in sub-Saharan Africa. It is held in groups along river banks and in thickets of thorny bushes.
Two representatives of the genus are known:
Gambian Mongoose - M. gambianus, lives in the savannah from the Gambia to Nigeria,
Striped Mongoose - M. mungooccurs in the territory from the Gambia to northeast Ethiopia and in the south to South Africa.
The generic name Mungos (Mungos) used to be attributed to other genera of mongooses, which are now attributed to Herpestes. The length of the body along with the head is 300-450 mm, tail 230-290 mm, weight 1.0-2.2 kg. View M. mungos has a brownish-gray color with alternating dark brown and yellowish or white transverse stripes on the back. The fur is coarse with a little undercoat. The tail is not fluffy, covered with coarse hair. The claws on the front legs are long, the feet are bare to the wrist, each finger has 5 fingers. Females have 6 nipples.
Zebra mongooses are found on grassy and shrubby plains, in forests and mountainous regions. He doesn’t make holes and nests, uses random shelters, prefers abandoned termite mounds. One shelter consists of 1–9 exits, a central resting hole of 1-2 cubic meters, and several smaller chambers. Most mongooses occupy only a few days, and in especially any shelters they stay up to 2 months.
Mungoes lead a terrestrial lifestyle, are active during the day and have excellently developed hearing, sight and smell. A group of mongooses leaves the hole at 7-8 in the morning, feeds for several days, rests in the hot season, and then goes off again in search of prey, returning home before sunset. Most of the time mongooses spend in the shelter of dense vegetation. Usually a group travels 2-3 km per day per day, moving in a zigzag among the rocks and shrubs. Mongooses feed on insects (bugs, millipedes) and their larvae, small rodents, lizards, snakes. In order to break the egg and get to its contents, the mongoose pinches it with its front paws and hits a solid object.
In the Uwanda National Park Ruwenzori, one animal is found on the territory of 18 sq. km, the ownership of the family group is 38-130 ha. In Serengetti, the territory inhabited by a group of mongooses is larger and amounts to 400 hectares. The possessions can overlap, but the showdown between the manugsts can be very noisy and often end in a fight. In a group of up to 40 individuals, the usual number is 10-20, including several adults of both sexes. In conditions of keeping, females dominate over males. Animals sleep together, and feed in each other's field of vision, but not nearby. Groups are permanent, but they can crumble into small formations. Sometimes mongooses of different groups mate with each other. Members of the same family mark each other with an odorous secretion from the inguinal glands. They publish a bird-like twitter, keeping in touch with each other during feeding, when some animals are removed from the field of view of others.
In East Africa, mongooses breed all year round. Interestingly, the females in the group mate at the same time, therefore their offspring are also born at the same time. This happens 4 times a year, which is not observed in other genera of mongooses. The female is ready to mate already 2 weeks after the birth of the offspring. Pregnancy lasts 2 months. 2-3 are born, up to 6 cubs. A newborn weighs 20 g, but quickly gaining weight. Young people stick together and are brought up by all members of the family. They suck any of the lactating females, and during the game they are protected by 1-2 adult animals, while the rest of the family is fed. At the age of 1 month they are already able to travel independently with adults. Females become sexually mature at the age of 9-10 months. According to Van Rompaey (1978), held in captivity M. mungo lived 12 years.
Gambian mongoose (Mungos gambianus)
Mungos - Mungos ... Wikipédia en Français
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Mungos - dryžuotosios mangustos statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas gentis apibrėžtis Gentyje 2 rūšys. Paplitimo arealas - Afrika. atitikmenys: lot. Mungos angl. African mungos, banded mongooses, striped mongooses vok. Zebramangusten rus ... Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas
mungos - (mon gos) s. m. Nom donné dans l Inde aux semences de l ophiorrhiza mungos (rubiacées), laquelle est appelée mungo par Garcias ... Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré
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What does a mongoose look like: description and photo of an animal
Mongoose are small predators. They have a slender elongated torso , small head and long tail. The length of their body without a tail ranges from 16 to 71 cm.
Tail the animal is conical (thick at the base and tapering towards the end), 19-47 cm long. As a rule, the tail of the mongoose is two-thirds of the length of its body.
Animals weigh from 210 g to 7 kg (rarely up to 9 kg). Asian species are usually larger than African.
The smallest in the family is the dwarf mongoose (lat. Helogale parvula ), with a body of 16-23 cm, a tail of 14-19 cm, weight - from 210 to 420 g.
The hardest one is the Egyptian mongoose, or ichnevmon (lat. Herpestes ichneumon ) Adult ichneumon weighs 7-9 kg.
Mongoose crabeater (lat. Herpestes urva ) Is the longest in the family. Its size along with the tail reaches 85 cm.
But the largest is considered a white-tailed mongoose (lat. Icheumia albicauda ): the length of his body with his head is 47-71 cm, the length of the tail is 35.5-47 cm, the height in the shoulders is about 25 cm, the weight reaches 1.8-5.2 kg.
Muzzle mongoose is small, elongated, ears are small and rounded.
The eyes of animals are light honey with horizontal, narrow, rarely round pupils. The horizontal shape of the pupils is characteristic of herbivores.
Representatives of this family can have from 32 to 40 teeth, their number depends on the species.
Legs animals are short, five-fingered, with non-retractable, long, slightly curved and blunt claws. With the help of claws, the mongoose digs underground passages, defends itself from enemies, and occasionally can climb trees.
All mongooses walk on the fingers (finger-walking), the membrane between which is reduced or absent. Most mongooses stand on their hind legs, as they fully straighten their backs for better visibility.
Wool the mongoose is rough, consists of fluff and a stiff long spine. Often it is painted in gray or brown, less often it is brown, yellowish, black or red.
In addition, it is monophonic, striped, with gray hair or specks. There are individuals with ring patterns on the tail. Stripes are usually located on the shoulders.
The color of the body often differs from the color of the limbs, tail or tip. So, two species of Madagascar mongoose have longitudinal stripes on the back, and the third has a striped tail. The striped mongoose (lat. Herpestes vitticollis ) in accordance with its name on the back are dark transverse lines.
Intraspecific color variations are possible. For example, a slender mongoose (lat. Galerella sanguinea ), as a rule, gray or tan, and in the Kalahari desert it has a red color, and individuals of black color are also found. In India, on the islands of Java and Sumatra, there is a dwarf mongoose with black wool and small yellow specks.
In mongoose, in contrast to the civerova, anal, rather than ductal odorous glands . In many species, they are a large bag, with at least two holes. Males and females leave odorous marks from the anal and buccal glands.
The animals have excellent eyesight, smell and hearing. At the water mongoose (lat. Atilax paludinosus ) The sense of touch is also perfectly developed. The excellent reaction of the animals makes it easy to control a strong, flexible body and make lightning throws.
Mongooses are very "talkative", they make various sounds: screeching, growling, clucking, barking, purring, abrupt high cries. Each of them has its own meaning. With sounds like cackling, the mongoose warns the attacker: “don’t touch me, it will be worse”, almost a dog barking - a signal of general alarm, abrupt high cries - callsigns for lagging cubs.
Scientists from Switzerland have found that the "conversation" of striped mongooses (lat. Herpestes vitticollis ) is very similar to the language of a person at the stage of its formation. In their “speech” there are vowels and consonants, and their combination carries a certain semantic load. The first they make a consonant sound, which serves as the identification of the one who speaks, the second - a vowel that communicates vital information to relatives.
What does mongoose eat in nature?
Most mongoose are predators, although there are omnivorous species among them. With the light hand of Rudyard Kipling, it is widespread misconception that mongooses feed mainly. However, snakes are not their main food at all. Although some species (especially genus Herpestes ) kill and eat poisonous snakes.
Mongoose and cobra are the worst enemies, as the animal eats reptile eggs. Therefore, fights between them are most often triggered by a snake, rather than a mongoose. So she is trying to protect her offspring.
As a result of a long evolution, the mongoose has learned to fight against. He knows the nature of her attacks and answers them with lightning speed. For example, the Indian mongoose boldly fights against king cobras. He has no immunity to their poison, he wins due to the speed of the reaction. The beast manages to notice the beginning of the snake's attack and dodge its throw. The mongoose jump is faster than his gaze and lunge paws. But so easily the animals can not cope with all the snakes. They often lose to the reptiles of the New World, since the reaction of these reptiles is faster.
In most cases, mongooses eat insects and other terrestrial invertebrates, prey on small vertebrates, love bird eggs, readily eat birds or rodents, can catch crab on the sea coast, will not refuse fish, sometimes they eat fruits and other plant foods. Less commonly, weasels, guinea pigs, puppies, kittens, and.
Egyptian mongoose eats catfish on the shore of a fish pond in the fishery of Maayan Zvi in Israel. Photo by: Vyh Pichmann, CC BY-SA 3.0
Water mongooses forage in streams, swamps, at the edge of the ocean, pulling their claws from the silt of crabs, crustaceans, amphibians. In search of food, animals sniff the earth, and, finding prey, dig it up. Egyptian mongoose destroys eggs. For this, in Ancient Egypt he was very respected and revered.
Animals break eggs in an interesting way. Some stretch high on their hind legs, the front ones lift up and drop the eggs from a height so that they break. After a successful throw, the animal licks squirrel and yolk. Others grab the eggs with their hind legs and, backing away, beat them on a stone or tree.
Before attacking the animal, some mongooses, for example, striped, honestly warn about this. They bend the body in an arc, ruffle the hair and scream piercingly. The mammal pretends to be running against the enemy, and itself carefully stomps on the spot (false attack). In such an original way, mongooses often scare away birds of prey.
Where do mongooses live?
Mongooses are found on a vast territory from Southeast Asia to West Africa, they are found in southern Europe, and representatives of the genus Galidiinae - endemic to Madagascar. Some species are acclimatized to Hawaii, the West Indies and Fiji.
The habitats of mongooses can be humid jungle, savannahs, wooded mountains, flowering meadows, deserts and semi-deserts (with the exception of the Sahara), the coast of the sea and even the city. In cities, mongooses can settle in a ditch, sewer, in a park, in a hollow tree or a rotten trunk. Some species prefer to settle near the water, on the banks of swamps, ponds, near river estuaries.
Most mongooses lead a terrestrial way of life, occupying abandoned burrows or crevices of rocks, but certain species (for example, slender mongoose) can also settle in hollows of trees.
Some community mongooses need suitable shelters. Thus, the inhabitants of the grassy plains of Africa willingly settle in the ventilation shafts of termite mounds. Animals also know how to build branched underground tunnels. Meerkats dig holes to a depth of 2 meters, their horizontal courses diverge on an area of 80 to 800 m². In places where there are enough shelters, in a forest, rocky terrain or in areas with loose and soft soil, animals can become the most common and numerous predators.
Types of mongooses, names and photos
The following is a description of some varieties of mongooses.
Translated from Latin - mongoose mongoose, named after the botanist Charles James Meller. The animal lives in Southeast Africa. It occurs in Tanzania, Malawi, Swaziland, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, the Republic of South Africa, and also, presumably, in Botswana. Lives in wooded savannas, in marshy places covered with grass, in open pastures where there are termite mounds. Leads a solitary nightlife.
The body length of the umbi is 44-48.5 cm, the length of the tail is 30-40 cm, the weight is 1.7-3 kg. The mongoose coat is white, gray or light brown, on the ventral side is lighter than on the dorsal side, legs are dark. A strip of bare skin runs from the nose to the upper lip of the Umbi.
Mongoose feeds on termites, fruits and small vertebrates.
The animals live in deserts (mainly in Kalahari and Namib), savannahs, shrub steppes and grassy communities of Angola, South Africa, Namibia, Botswana.
The sizes of meerkats: body length - 29 cm, tail length - 19 cm, weight - 700-750 g. On the dorsal side, the coat is long, and on the ventral and chest sides it is short. Its color is from yellow-brown to gray with intermittent brown stripes on the sides and back. The head and throat are grayish-white, the rings around the eyes, the tip of the tail and ears are black.
Meerkats live in colonies, which unite 2-3 families. In total, a group can have up to 30 or more individuals. Home in the family is a female, and the life of members of the colony is strictly organized. Animals are active during the day, get up early in the morning, clear the entrance to the hole, go in search of food. In the heat, the meerkat family rests in the shade, an hour before dark it returns to the dwelling. They actively "talk" with each other, making a lot of different sounds.
The life of meerkats is full of dangers, since many animals prey on them. To guard, sentinel meerkats can sometimes climb trees. In a mutually beneficial relationship with them is the mourning drongo bird (lat. Dicrurus adsimilis ) "Friend of meerkats" warns the animals with cries of the approach of enemies, and he catches insects disturbed by mammals.
Meerkats eat mostly insects, a smaller fraction of their diet is small animals (snakes, millipedes,), as well as plants. Meerkats can stand on their hind legs for a long time, straightening their back, taking fancy poses, while the animals look very funny. For this ability they are called humanoid (anthropomorphic) animals. They are well tamed, so they are kept at home.
- Striped mongoose, mungo, or zebra mongoose (lat. Mungos mungo )
The length of the mongoose is 340-450 mm, the tail is 220-290 mm, the average weight is 1.8 kg, and the maximum is 2.25 kg. The body is covered with stiff hair, short at the head and extending to the tail. The coat color on the body is brownish-gray with transverse dark brown stripes on the back that resemble stripes. On the legs - from dark brown to black, the tip of the tail is black.
Mongoose lives in sub-Saharan Africa, found in countries such as Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
The animal is active during the day, lives in savannas along the banks of rivers and in thickets of thorny bushes. Often held in small groups in which there is no strict hierarchy. The burrow itself does not dig, it uses ready-made shelters, for example, termite mounds and crevices in the rocks. Shelters change every 2-3 days.
It feeds on insects, millipedes, bird eggs, snakes, lizards, small rodents, wild fruits.
- Long-nosed kusimanza or long-nosed kusimanze (lat. Crossarchus obscurus )
The animal lives in West Africa from Sierra Leone to Cameroon. The habitat covers countries such as Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Republic of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone.
The length of his body is 300-370 mm, tail - 150-210 mm, weight - up to 1 kg. The color of the coat varies from dark brown to gray or black. The muzzle and ears are lighter, the legs are dark brown. Kusimanza's nose is elongated and mobile. The claws on the front legs are longer than on the hind legs.
Mongoose is found in the dense undergrowth of the humid jungle, in floodplain forests, savannahs and in the mountains to an altitude of 1,500 m above sea level. Most long-nosed kusimans lead a daytime lifestyle, but there is information about their activity at night. Animals live in groups of 3 monogamous families, in which there are a total of 20 individuals or more. Animals do not have permanent dwellings, hiding in dense vegetation, in crevices of tree trunks, in the recesses of the soil.
They feed on snails, earthworms, wood lice, insects, snakes, crabs, lizards, birds and their eggs, berries and fruits.
- Yellow mongoose or fox mongoose (lat. Cynictis penicillata )
It occurs in South Africa: in Namibia, Angola, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Lives in pairs or family groups, often in the meerkat community.
This is a very beautiful mongoose, its color is often red-yellow with gray dots, the chin and tip of the tail are white. The ears are large enough, the muzzle is pointed, and the tail is fluffy, which makes the mongoose look like. Depending on the range, the color of individuals may vary - from reddish yellow to yellow gray. The color also changes by season: in summer it is reddish, in winter gray. Body size is 27-38 cm, tail length is 18-28 cm, weight is from 440 g to 1 kg.
Yellow mongooses are good at digging themselves, but prefer to occupy burrows dug by striders (lat. Pedetes capensis ) or ground squirrels (lat. Spermophilus, or Citellus ) Sometimes they live in the same dwelling with gophers. Animals are active during the day, live in family groups of 4 to 8 individuals.
They eat mostly various insects, less often hunt rodents, birds, and feast on bird eggs.
- Egyptian mongoose (Pharaoh’s rat, Ichnevmon) (lat. Herpestes ichneumon )
The species is widespread in most of Africa, with the exception of the Sahara and equatorial forests, found in Asian countries (Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey), and also lives in southern Europe: in Spain and Portugal. This is a sacred animal of the ancient Egyptians, revered for its ability to plunder the nests of crocodiles and eat their eggs.
Body length - 48-60 cm, tail length up to 50 cm, weight - 3.6-7 (9) kg. The color is gray with gray hair, with a tuft of black hair at the tip of the tail in the form of a brush. The toes of the ichneumon are almost half connected by a short membrane.
It lives on the plains or in forests, but more often inhabits the banks of rivers, overgrown with reeds and other coastal vegetation.
In the afternoon, the mongoose eats insects, birds, eggs, lizards, catches snakes, eats fruit willingly. Lives alone, less often in small groups. He makes sounds only when he is wounded; he spends the rest of his time silently.
- Dwarf mongoose (lat. Helogale parvula )
It has an extensive habitat: found from southern Somalia and Ethiopia to South Africa, west of northern Namibia, southwestern and central Angola, and southeastern Congo. Typically, the mongoose settles at altitudes of about 2000 m above sea level. It lives in wooded savannas and in dry meadows. It is especially numerous in places where there are termite mounds - favorite sleeping places.
This is the smallest species of the Mongoose family. The length of his body is 16-23 cm, the tail is 14-19 cm, weight is from 210 to 420 g. Coloring is from grayish-yellow-brown to dark brown with thin gray hair. There are also completely black dwarf mongooses.
These are exclusively social animals, in the group of which there can be from 2 to 30 individuals. At night they sleep in termite mounds, among piles of stones, in the cavities of trees.
In the afternoon they hunt insects (beetles, termites, crickets) and their larvae, spiders, scorpions, small lizards, snakes, small birds and rodents. Supplement your diet with berries.
- Indian mongoose (lat. Herpestes smithii )
The animal is also called Smith Mongoose, rosy Mongoose, red Mongoose. Endemic to India and Sri Lanka, seen in Nepal. Leads a solitary, twilight lifestyle. Occasionally climbs trees, but spends most of his life on earth. It prefers secluded places: bushes, light forests and forests, less commonly found in open landscapes and at an altitude of up to 2200 m above sea level. It doesn’t come close to a person’s housing, but in India it often dies on busy motorways.
The Indian mongoose has a body up to 45 cm long, a tail 40 cm long, and an average weight of 1.9 kg. Its color varies from light brown-gray to black, with white and red streaks. The limbs are dark brown, the tailbone of the tail is black.
The diet is based on mice, birds, snakes, lizards and their eggs. Indian mongooses can also eat carrion.
- Mongoose or indian gray mungo (lat.Herpestes edwardsii )
Mongoose wool is gray or silver-gray, brown on legs. Hair is coarser than other species of the family. The gray mungo also has red areas around the eyes and muzzle, as well as on the tip of the tail.
Geographic populations of the species differ in color. There are groups of animals with a ring-shaped pattern on the body, with milk-white or black hair. The tail length of an ordinary mongoose is equal to the length of their body. The sizes of the mongoose without tail are 36-45 cm, the tail is 45 cm. The mass of the animal varies from 0.9 to 1.7 kg. Males are larger than females. Indian gray mongooses are interesting in that they can distinguish 4 colors, and this is more than other mammals.
Ordinary mongooses inhabit Western Asia and on the Hindustan Peninsula. Country of residence: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Kuwait, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, United Arab Emirates. There are animals in bright forests, among shrubs, in cultivated fields, often close to people's dwellings. They live in burrows or hide among trees, shrubs, stones, sometimes in haystacks. Occasionally they feed on gavial eggs.
- Water Mongoose (lat. Atilax paludinosus )
A rather large mongoose, its body from the head to the base of the tail is 44-62 cm, the tail is 25-36 cm long, the animal weighs from 2 to 5.5 kg. He has a long, thick, dark brown fur, and the ends of the remaining hair are black. Reddish or almost black individuals are found. From other mongooses, the water mongoose is distinguished by its recognizable elongated muzzle and the presence of swimming membranes between the fingers. Its nails are short, blunt, used for digging. The thick tail tapers strongly towards the tip.
Water mongoose is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Lives next to fresh water bodies surrounded by dense vegetation. It also lives in swamps, estuaries, and in reed beds. But it was recorded in hilly areas with no water bodies.
The small, agile and fearless mongoose is a predator and belongs to the mammalian family. This family has 35 species, which are combined into 16 genera. The most famous: Egyptian mongoose and Indian gray mongoose. If earlier this fighter with snakes was found out from the good old cartoon and sometimes could see it in a program about animals, now many exotic lovers start a little animal at home as a pet.
Mongooses, as for predators, are small in size. The length of the body (depending on the species) ranges from 18 to 75 cm, weight - from 280 grams for dwarf mongoose to 5 kg for white-tailed mongoose. Build muscular, oblong, cone-like tail, has an average length of 2/3 of the size of the body. On small short legs there are long non-retractable sharp claws. Thanks to them, mongooses are capable of pulling out entire underground passages that they need for life, as well as a means of outwitting the enemy and avoiding meeting with a larger enemy. The skull is flattened, with a narrow oblong muzzle, eyes are small, with round or slightly oblong pupils. Strong little teeth are able to bite through the skin of a snake. Their vision is excellent, which, combined with a strong brisk body, provides him with the famous lightning-fast throws, so necessary in the fight against snakes and other predators. Small ears have a rounded shape, which distinguishes these animals from the family of civeros, which included mongooses until recently. Each species has its own color, from gray to dark brown, both with stripes of different widths and plain colors. The color of each species may vary due to the presence of undercoat. A fairly stiff, thick coat helps protect against snake bites. Animals are very susceptible to attack by ticks and fleas, which is why they are forced to periodically change their home. The mongooses were bred from the viverrov family due to such an anatomical feature as the presence of odorous anal glands, and not near-canal ones, as in the viverrov family. They use these glands both to attract the female and to mark the territory belonging to them.
The main habitat is considered to be Africa and Asia. Much later, animals appeared in southern Europe (the well-known ichnevmon).
The main part of mongooses lives in forests, shrubs, thickets. They can also live in the steppe, coastal reeds, hide among tall grass, stay on the banks of rivers.
Mongooses are mostly prone to terrestrial lifestyles. On the ground, they use voids under the roots of trees, dig holes, (although they can occupy ready-made burrows of ground squirrels) there they hunt, feed, breed. At the same time, there are many species that use old hollows, crevices of trees and land in extreme cases for housing. The marsh mongoose and some others are semi-aquatic, can be excellent swimmers and are able to seek food in ponds.
These small predators feed on small vertebrates, various larvae, insects, frogs, snails, crustaceans and even snakes. It is worth noting that in the blood of mongooses there are no antibodies to snake venom, but due to their dexterity, lightning fast reaction, fearlessness, snakes often become the food of these animals. There are omnivorous species that can, in addition to everything, eat certain plants, berries, fruits and seeds. A number of species are distinguished by a peculiar habit of breaking eggs, nuts, crabs and mollusks. The animal stands on its hind legs and throws food to the ground until the shell or shell succumbs. Another option is also possible, when the mongoose carries the egg to the rock, becomes its back to it and throws it on the rock. Previously, such reports were viewed with skepticism, but many observers studying these clever and charming predators confirmed this fact.
Mongooses, depending on the species, conduct both daytime (common to most) and nocturnal activities. Many of them live in colonies, from 12 to 50 individuals, which is very uncharacteristic for predators. Often use old termite mounds with several entrances in case of danger, organizing one spacious “bedroom” in the center. These are social animals that can “talk” with each other, give a signal about an imminent danger or the beginning of a hunt.
They can, like gophers, stand on their hind legs, looking for an enemy or prey. These animals are quite intelligent, sociable, inquisitive and often in their habitats become domestic animals, protecting the home from rodents and other small predators. Some species are slightly amenable to training.
The main enemies of mongooses are not only birds of prey, looking for prey among grass or stones, but also larger predators, such as caracals, leopards, etc. Most often, their prey will be cubs located far from a hole or other shelter.
There are no clear time boundaries for mating mongooses; in each species, they differ in time. A common pattern for some of them is that the mating season begins in conjunction with the rainy season. Pregnancy periods can also vary significantly - from 6 weeks to a maximum of 3.5 months, as a result of which 1-4 cubs are born. Babies are born blind, without hair, begin to walk after 10-14 days, all, without exception, in the first month they feed on mother's milk. Females take special care not only about their babies, protecting them from enemies and providing food. Cubs are taught to hunt, escape from enemies and build homes. The ability to survive is greater for those animals that were born in communities, since there they are more protected and in the case of the death of their parents they will be raised by other relatives. Toward the end of the first year, the opportunity arises to produce offspring. They live on average up to 8 years, in zoos they can live up to 15 years.
At the beginning of the 19th century, mongooses were introduced to some Hawaiian islands in order to fight many rodents that exterminate sugarcane plantations. Today, this has led to the fact that the mongooses themselves are endangering the survival of many indigenous species of birds and other animals. In many countries, the import of these animals is prohibited, since they are able to quickly breed and populate territories, destroying not only rats and mice, but also poultry. Recently, man has become the enemy of the mongoose. Deforestation, irrational farming and devastation of the habitats of these cute animals deprives them of their usual habitat, forcing them to migrate in search of housing and food. In some countries, hunting with dogs for these animals began to become fashionable, in addition, they are exterminated to get fluffy tails. There is a twofold situation when there is an overabundance of these animals in certain territories, which leads not only to material losses, but also to the destruction of endemic species of fauna and disruption of biological balance, and on the other hand, a person provokes the destruction of many species that are on the verge of extinction.
The content of the article:
In the event that you are engaged in the search for some kind of original pet, pay attention to the mongoose. In our nature it is difficult to find a more fun, playful and devoted friend from the animal kingdom. In addition, he is very smart and tidy, so caring for him is a pleasure and just a little bit of nuances. Get to know him better and you will understand that this is an ideal pet, and besides, he is a great friend and comrade who will always be waiting for you and will be able to easily cheer you up at any moment with his games, tricks and fun games.
The origin of the amazing animal mongoose
Mankind first heard about such a peculiar living creature as the mongoose in 1811 from the scientist Illiger, but probably most of the people living on our planet did not learn about this animal from the pages of scientific literature. We must pay tribute to the famous writer Rudyard Kipling, who wrote his amazing story about the little mongoose hero, who is better known as Rikki-Tikki-Tavi. Who among us does not know the sad and at the same time amazing story of the little mongoose, which the natural disaster deprived of the house, and most importantly of the parents. But even in such a sad situation, the pretty brave man was not at a loss, but became a real pride of his family, and of the whole family, because he saved the child from snake attack - isn’t that worth it. Probably everyone who read this fascinating tale, even for a minute, but dreamed of such an amazing pet.
People involved in science classified this animal into the class of mammals, the order of the carnivorous, the suborder of the cat-like, the mongoose family and the mongoose genus.
Description of mongoose varieties and their characteristic features
According to many scientific sources in nature, there are over 15 different species of these amazing animals. The most studied of them are presented to your attention.
Yellow or fox-shaped mongoose. The natural distribution range of this representative of the world fauna spreads to such countries of the African continent as South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola and many others. As its permanent residence, this beast prefers to choose savannas and semi-desert areas.
By its nature, the fox-shaped mongoose is an excellent builder of burrows, but more often than not, he is too lazy to dig his own house, so usually he simply lives on minks dug in advance by other animals, such as gophers. In that case, if in the hole that the mongoose was liked by its immediate owner, then he in turn does not hesitate to just get hooked on him. In the same house with gophers, they feel quite comfortable, without creating any problems and troubles for their roommate.
These adorable little animals do not really like to be alone, probably for this reason they never live on their territory alone, they usually live in small social groups, in which there are from five to nine animals.
The period of activity of mongooses falls in the daytime, when it is dark on the street, they try to sleep in their dwellings, and it is safer, well, and they have no one to hunt in the afternoon. The basis of the mongoose diet is small rodents, gape birds, in the latter they can pull several eggs from the nest, but most often animals have to quench outbreaks of hunger by insects, and it is easier to catch them, and it’s not so difficult to find such prey.
The replenishment in the families of these cute mammals happens once or less than twice a year. The period of gestation of the babies in the female mongoose lasts approximately 55–62 days; at the end of this period, one or three newborn mongoose are born. For 50-60 days, babies feed exclusively on mother's milk, after which their mother gradually accustoms them to more adult food. They reach puberty at about one year of age.
As for the exterior features of this little animal, we can say that it is medium-sized cat-shaped. The length of its body is approximately 26–40 cm, the tail process grows to no more than 30 cm. The body weight of an adult mongoose varies from 500 to 900 grams, although there is evidence that animals living in captivity weigh about 1000–1200 gram.
The entire surface of the body of this cute creature is not wrapped very long, but very thick, soft and fluffy. If we talk about the color of the fur, then it varies among mongooses not only depending on the time of year, but also on the geographical distribution of the animal. So for those individuals that live in the southern part of the range, wool is presented in reddish-yellowish hues; among the inhabitants of the north, fur is painted in grayish-yellow tones. Most often in the winter, the colors of the little animals become paler and plainer, but with the advent of spring, everything changes. The projection of the abdominal cavity and the final part of the caudal process are usually always several tones lighter than the main color scheme.
Striped mongoose, mungo or zebra mongoose. The length of the body of this representative of the mongoose varies from 30 to 48 cm, the tail grows to 28 cm. An adult weighs about 1,500–2,500 grams.
Almost the entire body of the mungo is covered with rather long and thick wool, very rigid in texture, which gradually lengthens closer to the caudal process. Only the abdominal region is almost devoid of hairline. A very interesting color in this animal, the thing is that each individual hair on his body is dyed in a peculiar way. At the base, it is presented in light shades, closer to the middle two broad stripes of dark color are drawn and at the tip the shade approaches black and brown. For the reason that all hair is of different lengths, such a beautiful and original ornament is formed on the body of the striped mongoose in this way.
Its head is relatively small, its muzzle is short and slightly pointed. Small rounded ears flaunt on it. The limbs of this mammal with respect to body size are slightly short, but it also seems to be due to the fact that along the entire length they are covered with wool, which is colored identically to the colors of the dorsal part of the body of the beast. There are 5 fingers on the front legs of the mungo, only 4 on the hind legs. The thumbs of the forelimbs end with a long claw, its length is about 7–9 mm, this is a kind of device for digging holes. All other claws, although much longer, cannot dig a mongoose with them, since they are curved in shape.
The natural habitat of this beautiful predator is the southern and central part of the African continent; the largest populations are found in Senegal, Gambia, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti. These animals settle mainly in the savannah and open forests, the main thing for them is that there should be some kind of reservoir near their home. They try to avoid desert and semi-desert areas, as well as mountainous areas.
The period of activity of these forest dwellers falls in the morning hours, as well as at dusk, in the afternoon, when the sun casts its scorching rays, the mungo prefers to lie down in its shelters. As the latter, termite mounds or crevices of rocks are most often used, they can easily climb a tree, but this is probably not necessary, but there is nothing to do, they are also bored.
You can say about these animals that they are big fans of traveling, and especially moving from place to place, they never live in the same shelter for longer than 2–4 days, only during the breeding season can they put their “packed suitcases” into to the side.
On their territories zebra mongooses usually live in large colonies, numbering more than 25–40 individuals, and if they are lucky to find a place of residence near agricultural estates, the number of members of such a social group doubles. All individuals of such groups spend the night together in one shelter, with sunrise, adult mongooses go in search of food, while their children remain at home.
The relations between the members of such a family are very friendly, but as soon as a stranger appears on their territory, they will certainly drive him away, at such moments these cute and kindly little animals tend to sudden outbreaks of strong aggression. If a whole group of strangers has come to their possessions, then they rarely show hospitality, usually such visits end in fights and bloodshed, if only the number of this group is smaller, if there are a lot of guests, then the owners of their territory usually resort to the most reliable method self-defense, namely flight.
In nature, they feed mainly on arthropods, most often on the dining table are different bugs and millipedes. Mungo will not refuse snails, bird eggs and even a variety of fruits. For the sake of a delicious dinner, these interesting mongooses are ready to make many sacrifices, even rummage through the dung of some large animals. Maybe this will seem vile and disgusting to some, and for a zebra animal, manure is a storehouse of delicious insects.
Southern dwarf mongoose. These are the smallest representatives of a kind, their body grows in length no more than 25 cm, the length of the tail varies from 10 to 18 cm. The average body weight is approximately 230-300 grams. The fur of these mini-mongooses is colored mainly in grayish or brown colors. But in nature there are individuals that mother nature painted in coal-black color, while the neck and chest area shimmers with a beautiful slightly reddish tint, but the tail process and limbs are usually much darker than the whole body.
These adorable creatures are common from Ethiopia to Angola, and numerical populations of dwarf animals are also found in eastern Africa. These miniature mammals live in the savannahs, slightly dense forests and semi-desert regions.
These cute mongooses are active mainly in the daytime. By their nature, they are very social animals, live in medium-sized groups, the leader of such a social colony is most often the dominant female, if it happened that the leader of the group dies, then usually such a family breaks up.
Dwarf mongooses feed mainly on insects, sometimes they can also eat snails. In order to break the shell of a snail, this quick-witted animal throws it with its hind legs against the stone.
To date, such animals are already bred as pets, and although not yet massively, but rather not unsuccessfully. The whole point is that it is truly a pleasure to keep such an exotic pupil in your home, rarely any troubles arise with him.
Before bringing this amazing little animal to his house, make sure that he has his own personal roof over his head. A large spacious cage is well suited as the latter. It should equip a zone for entertainment and a place for relaxation. Something, and the fluffy mongoose is very fond of having fun, so it’s good to install some climbing equipment in his house, it can be shelves nailed at different levels, as well as ordinary thick branches of trees, you can build him something like a swing . Also, do not forget that the pet is also a member of the family and it is sometimes necessary for him to give gifts, the mongoose will be very happy for a couple of three toys, for example, balls, rattles or other small things. When you are not in the house, he will find use for them.
This comrade from Africa feels great in the house, in addition, by nature he is very well-mannered and restrained, so the door to his cage should be closed only when you leave the house for a long time. This, of course, may not be done at all, but then there is a risk that the mongoose will lose interest in its toys and will begin to seek adventure in your house, and he will find something to play there. It can be books, dishes, clothes, and other valuables, in addition, he can easily open the window and, if he is inadvertently, fall out. From time to time, you may be visited by the thought that there are two different mongooses in the cage and in the apartment. Indeed, in the cage he doesn’t have much to do, there he just eats and sleeps sweetly, another thing is free space, going out into the wild, this very moment he is transformed from a lazy animal into a very funny pet.
In the event that the mongoose has free access from its home, be prepared for the fact that it will be extremely rare to go there, because playing and running around the apartment is much more interesting, and sleeping on the couch or next to you in the bedroom is generally sacred .
By their nature, these animals are very neat, and also very smart, so there should be no problems with the restroom, it will not be difficult to train the mongoose to cope with the need for a tray, only the capacity needs to be chosen a little more than the cat tray.
Someone may ask: "What to do with this domestic predator in your house?" The answer to it is very simple, just give him the proper amount of your time and attention and that will be more than enough for him, well, of course, do not forget to feed him. Pets like mongooses very quickly get used to new living conditions and also quickly become attached to their owners. Soon after moving to your home, these little animals become tame, and it’s very interesting to talk with them. Maybe you don’t understand enough, but this talker always tells something and this is by no means an exaggeration. This “conversation” is more like a quiet, pleasant sound of chirping, so he maybe informs you how his day went, complains if he bumped somewhere or didn’t like something or is trying to share some little joy. Often with their sounds they invite you to play.
Homemade mongooses are quite capable of responding to their nickname. If some other animal lives in your house, then you should not worry about this, your mongoose will only be glad that he has a friend.
Feeding this exotic companion at home is not a problem, he is not demanding on food, and if you give me something, he’ll eat it up, just don’t get carried away, you shouldn’t treat him with sausage or pickles, he may not refuse such delicacies, but his body is very harmful. The basis of his diet can be various insects, frogs, chicken meat, eggs, fruits, vegetables and nuts. It’s good to give this friend the opportunity to feel like he is still a hunter, run a frog into his cage or some kind of bug, he will definitely like it. The main thing is that his daily menu was varied and balanced.
Purchase and price of mongoose
There may not be many breeders of these friendly animals on the territory of Russia, since domestic mongooses are an infrequent phenomenon, but finding them is still realistic, just carefully check all the documents you are interested in for the animal. The average cost of such a sweet friend ranges from 20,000 to 70,000 rubles.
Clash of mongoose and king cobra in the following video:
Everyone knows the hero of Kipling's fairy tale named Riki-Tiki-Tavi, but few people know that the wild mongoose not only bravely fights with snakes, but also quickly becomes attached to a person. He walks on the heels, sleeps nearby and even dies of longing if the owner leaves.
Mongooses are not striking in size against the background of mammals of the planet's predators. The muscular elongated body, depending on the species, fits into the range of 18–75 cm with a weight of 280 g (dwarf mongoose) and 5 kg (white-tailed mongoose). The tail resembles a cone and is equal to 2/3 of the length of the body.
A neat head, crowned with rounded ears, goes into a narrowed muzzle with proportionate eyes. The mongoose's teeth (32 to 40) are small but strong and are designed to pierce snake skin.
It is interesting! Not so long ago, mongooses were expelled from the civet family. It turned out that, unlike the latter, which have near-canal odorous glands, mongooses use anal mongoes (luring females or marking their territory).
The animals perfectly see and easily control their strong flexible body, making legendary lightning throws. To cope with the enemy help and sharp non-retractable claws, in peacetime used to dig underground tunnels.
Thick, hard coat protects against snake bites, but does not save fleas and ticks from the dominance (in this case, mongooses simply change their shelter). The fur of different species has its own color, from gray to brown, plain or striped .
The Herpestidae (Mongoose) family consists of 17 genera, uniting 35 species. Among the two dozen genera (almost) the most common:
- water and yellow mongooses
- black-footed and white-tailed,
- dwarf and striped,
- Kusimanzos and Liberian mongooses,
- Dologale and Paracynictis,
- Suricata and Rhynchogale.
This also includes the most numerous genus Herpestes (Mongooses) with 12 species:
- small and brown mongoose
- short-tailed and long-nosed mongooses,
- Javanese and Egyptian mongooses,
- collar and stripe cervical mongooses,
- mongoose crabeater and marsh mongoose,
- Indian and Common Mongoose.
It is interesting! It is the last two species of the genus Herpestes that are considered unsurpassed fighters in battles with poisonous snakes. A humble Indian mongoose, for example, is capable of killing such a powerful adversary as a 2-meter spectacled cobra.
Character and lifestyle
With a pronounced territoriality, not all animals are ready to fight for their plot: as a rule, they quietly coexist with other animals. Twilight activity is characteristic of hermit mongooses, and daytime activity is for those who prefer to live in groups (meerkats, striped and dwarf mongooses). These species dig their own or occupy other people's burrows, not at all embarrassed by the presence of owners, for example, earthen squirrels.
Dwarf / striped mongooses like to live in old termite mounds, leaving babies and 1-2 adults there while the rest get food. The family community usually consists of 5–40 mongooses engaged (except feeding) by combing wool and noisy games with imitation of fights and chases.
In the heat, animals grind under the sun near the holes, hoping for their camouflage color, which helps them merge with the landscape. Nevertheless, there is always a guard in the group, watching the area and warning of the danger with a cry, after which the mongooses slip into shelter.
How long does mongoose live
Mongoose born in large communities are more likely to have a longer life than loners. This is explained by collective responsibility - after the death of the parents, the children are raised by other members of the group.
It is interesting! The mongooses learned to fight for their lives on their own: having missed a snake bite, they eat “mangusweil”, a medicinal root that helps to cope with the action of snake venom.
The average life of a mongoose in nature is approximately 8 years, and almost twice as long - in captivity (at a zoo or at home).
Mongooses differ from their “former relatives” in morphological, genetic and environmental characteristics, for example, the absence or reduction of the membrane between the fingers, non-retractable claws, small rounded auricles, mainly daytime and terrestrial lifestyles.
Photo by Ruben Undheim, CC BY-SA 2.0
At the age of 9-12 months, mongooses begin to multiply. The breeding season for species begins at different times, for savannah and desert inhabitants it is associated with the advent of the wet season.
The pregnancy of the female usually lasts 60 days, in the small mongoose - 42 days. In females, 2-4 cubs are born (less often up to 6). They are almost naked, blind and tiny, weigh about 30 grams. Vision in babies appears after 10-20 days. Within 4-8 weeks, the mongoose cub feeds on mother's milk.
Meerkat with the cub. Photo by: * Light Painting *, CC BY 2.0
In public mongooses, females feed not only the one they directly gave birth to, but any hungry baby.
By the end of the dairy period, the mother teaches the kids to eat meat and other products. She carries food in her mouth around them and waits for the mangosteens or meerkat to attempt to snatch it.
Young mongoose cubs. Photo by: Vinc3PaulS, CC BY-SA 3.0
Meerkat Cubs. Photo Credit: Francis C. Franklin, CC BY-SA 3.0
Mongoose conservation status
Mongooses belong to one of the thriving, widespread groups of mammals. Extinction does not threaten any species. However, the species inhabiting Madagascar suffer from the destruction of natural habitats.
Man exterminated the Javanese and yellow mongooses, as well as meerkats, but they are still numerous. The fact is that such South African species as yellow mongoose and meerkat were considered to be carriers of rabies and were persecuted. As for the Javanese mongoose, at the end of the 19th century it was introduced to the West Indies and the Hawaiian Islands. It was assumed that he would fight rats on sugarcane plantations, but the mongoose began to attack other representatives of the local fauna, so that now local residents consider him a pest and carrier of rabies.
Enemies of mongooses in nature
The greatest danger to animals is represented by birds of prey: eagles, hawks, buzzards, looney. Of the land predators of mongooses, jackals, foxes, wild cats, hyenas, leopards, caracals, serval, snakes, large monitor lizards eat.
Social species have “sentinels,” who scream notify the rest of the impending danger. Each of the animals becomes armed in turn. Mongooses actively defend themselves: from large predators hide in shelters or flee.
Representatives of the family are trying to fight small raiders with a group. They stand in a circle and make menacing cries of chorus. If this does not help, then the mongooses actively use their claws and teeth, and also shoot liquid from the anal glands. In extreme cases, the mongoose falls to the ground and pretends to be dead.
It is believed that mongooses are not afraid of snakes. In fact, they do not have immunity from the venom of reptiles, but they are less susceptible to it due to the mutation of the receptors on which it acts. The battle of the snake and mongoose does not always end in favor of the latter. Malays claim that if a cobra nevertheless bites a mongoose, it is treated with the root of the mungo plant (Vígna mungo) But if with small snakes, including cobras, the animals cope due to the reaction rate, then python (Pythonidae), rattlesnakes (Crotalinae), including ordinary zhararak (Bothrops jararaca) and adult black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) cannot overcome.
Taken from the youtube channel: www.youtube.com/watch?v=MY1F7G_DFRk
Some species live in collaboration with other animals:
- For example, dwarf mongooses and rhino birds are constant companions.
- Yellow mongooses are imposed as “friends” on Cape earthen squirrels (Xerus inauris), the inhabitants of the deserts of southern Africa. Squirrels track the space around them well and report danger.
Egyptian mongoose looks at the cat. Photo by: מינוזיג, CC BY-SA 4.0
The benefits and harms of mongooses
Mongooses are important for healthy ecological communities because they reduce the number of harmful insects. Since ancient times, man has used them to fight against poisonous snakes and rats. In Africa and South Asia, manual mongooses are kept as pets, entrusting them with the fight against rodents and reptiles. In the past, sailors took mongooses to sail to fight ship rats. It was the purpose of the destruction of rodents that they were brought to the countries of the New World. But instead of fighting rats, mongooses began to destroy other representatives of the local fauna, having done a lot of trouble. On the islands of the Caribbean, they preyed on piglets, puppies, kittens, lambs, chickens, ducks, guinea pigs, and rare animals — the crab. Introduced in 1883 in Hawaii, they had a negative impact on local species there too. Currently, mongooses are prohibited from being imported into many countries of the world.
In Pakistan and India, animals were used by snake charmers in their shows. And on the Japanese island of Okinawa, mongoose fights were held with snakes, banned only after the intervention of animal defenders. But even today this barbaric custom is not outdated, and cruel videos appear on the Internet. Creatures calling themselves humans love to watch the death of miserable animals, which they leave no choice.
Some mongooses settle near human habitation and raid chicken coops, are carriers of rabies. For this they are destroyed by local residents.
Many species at a young age are easily tamed and become tame pets.
Striped Mongoose. Photo by Yathin sk, CC BY-SA 3.0
Mongoose content at home
Before you start a mongoose, evaluate the pros and cons. If you are going to keep the animal in a small cage, the animal will be bored and may get sick. He needs enough space.
The cage, or rather the aviary for the mongoose, should be at least 2 * 1 * 0.5 m in size, you need to place a small house, a branch for the entire height of the aviary, a bowl for food and a drinker. To heat mongooses you need an infrared lamp.
The animal should be released from the cage frolic and play. Moreover, you have to daily allocate time to play with the mongoose, since you can not leave it unattended. He is very curious, mischievous, can scratch or chew on furniture, tear something, or even escape into a poorly closed door.
Mongoose has a very specific smell. With the help of odorous glands located on the muzzle and in the anal sac, the animal will constantly mark its territory, and its aroma in the apartment will be quite noticeable. It should also be remembered that the mongoose is a wild animal, and you won’t be able to play with it like with a cat or dog. The animal can strongly bite or scratch, taking your game for a manifestation of aggression. Domestic meerkats, if there are several, will jealously defend the territory and conflict with cats and dogs.
If all this is not scary for you, choose a suitable animal and try to make friends with it. However, remember: you are forever responsible for those you have tamed!
Yellow Mongoose. Photo by chuffed88. Taken from the site www.petforums.co.uk
How to feed mongooses at home?
In the daily diet, mongoose should be equally divided between proteins and carbohydrates. You need to feed your pet several times a day, while separating protein and carbohydrate (vegetables, fruits) food.
Mongoose can be given:
- raw fish
- low-fat raw meat (rabbit, beef, chicken),
- fruits and berries: apples, bananas, mangoes, persimmons, watermelon, strawberries, cherries, etc.,
- vegetables - any other than potatoes,
- dry food and canned food for dogs or cats,
- live food: crickets, cockroaches, zofobas, flour worms,
- low-fat cottage cheese
- small rodents
- raw and boiled eggs.
It is strictly forbidden: smoking, fried foods, pickles, mushrooms, nuts, milk, potatoes and chips, mayonnaise, onions, garlic.
Slender mongoose. Photo by: Karelj, CC BY-SA 3.0
Range, habitat of mongoose
Mongoose populate mainly regions of Africa and Asia, and some species, for example, the Egyptian mongoose can be found not only in Asia, but also in southern Europe. This species is also introduced on the American continent.
- wet jungle
- wooded mountains
- flowering meadows
- semi-deserts and deserts,
- sea coasts
- urban areas.
In cities, mongooses often adapt sewage pipes, ditches, crevices in stones, hollows, rotten trunks, and interroot spaces for housing. Some species stay near water, inhabiting the shores of ponds and marshes, as well as river estuaries (water mongoose). Most predators lead a land-based lifestyle and only two (ring-tailed and African thin mongooses) prefer to live and eat on trees.
Mongoose “apartments” can be found in the most amazing places, including underground, where they build branched underground tunnels. Nomadic species change housing about once every two days.
Diet, what mongoose eats
Almost all mongoose ones seek food on their own, uniting only when they get some large objects. So do, for example, dwarf mongooses. They are omnivorous and not capricious: they eat almost everything that the eye falls on. Most of the diet is insects, the smaller is small animals and plants, and sometimes carrion.
- small rodents
- medium-sized mammals,
- small birds
- reptiles and amphibians,
- eggs of birds and reptiles,
- vegetation, including fruits, tubers, leaves, and roots.
The crabeater mongoose predominate on crustaceans, which are not abandoned by water mongooses . The latter seek out food (crustaceans, crabs and amphibians) in streams, pulling prey with sharp claws from the silt. Water mongoose does not shun crocodile eggs and small fish. Other mongooses also use their claws to feed, tearing foliage / soil and pulling out animals, including spiders, beetles and larvae.
For mongoose, these are birds of prey, snakes and large animals such as leopards, jackals, serval and others. More often cubs fall into the teeth of predators, who do not have time to hide in time in time.
The adult mongoose tries to escape from the enemy, but, driven into a corner, shows character - it bends its back with a hump, clutches its hair, threatens to raise its tail, growls and barks, bites and shoots off with smelly liquid from the anal glands.