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Afghan hound (afghan) - features and description of the breed


The Afghan Hound is a dog that can combine several basic qualities at once: it is an excellent model in dog breeding, and can also show itself as an unsurpassed hunter and the best companion. Also in 2005, the breed of the Afghan Hound, namely its representative named Snuppi, received the title of the best invention of 2005. This is due to the fact that this particular representative of the breed was cloned by canine scientists from Korea.

Description of the Afghan breed

An Afghan hound weighs an average of about twenty to thirty kilograms. As for the average growth indicators, they are in most cases from sixty to seventy-five centimeters at the withers of adult dogs.

The colors of the representatives of this breed can be very diverse, but the main condition of the standard is the elegant appearance of the animal and the complete exclusion of the presence of white spots, especially in the head and muzzle.

Thus, it is worth highlighting the main characteristics that provide a basic description of the breed of a dog such as the Afghan Hound:

  • the head shape of representatives of this breed is usually of an exquisite shape with a rather elongated muzzle,
  • almond-shaped eyes with a very smart reflection in them,
  • elongated neck
  • strong back
  • the tail has a not very high landing,
  • Afghan native greyhound has a very long coat that covers all parts of the body,
  • The Afghan hound also provides for fairly long ears, which also hang densely from the hanging coat.

Most dogs of this breed are characterized by sophisticated grace, nobility and elegance, therefore, these representatives of dogs are very beautiful and sophisticated, which is fully expressed in their appearance.

Very interesting is the fact that the Afghan Hound have very large pillows on their paws, despite their rather graceful external data. This is necessary so that the animal can easily get through the rocky terrain in their homeland.

Character Features

Afghan dogs are very playful, curious and very developed sociability. These animals have a very close relationship with their master and require him to communicate regularly. If a puppy lends itself to a certain socialization from a very early age, then he perfectly finds a common language not only with all the inhabitants of the dwelling, but also with pets. However, if the dog notices some small animal that is not familiar to her, then she can start to hunt him with all the excitement and eventually get her way.

As for the intellectual abilities of these pets, they are not smart enough. This statement was made by British scientists, who based their conclusion not only on numerous studies of the mental abilities of the animal, but also on the historical facts of its development. This is due to the fact that the main purpose of the bakhmul is hunting, so they were never required to understand a large number of teams or special intellectual abilities. Maximum speed, catching prey, as well as keeping it until the arrival of the hunter - these are the main destinations of a very beautiful and graceful dog.

In most cases, the Afghan Hound is not particularly aggressive and is characterized by devotion and obedience. If she does not like something, then she will not be indignant and show her dissatisfaction, but simply step aside in order to protect herself from unwanted intrusive harassment.

Features of proper care

Caring for such a beauty is difficult solely because of the long coat. In order for the coat to always shine, shine and be distinguished by special beauty and health, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules of proper care:

  • it is necessary to comb the hair daily, removing the resulting tufts of wool,
  • after each combing, it is necessary to moisten the animal’s coat with water with the addition of a few drops of a special conditioner for the coat,
  • if the dog’s coat is very dirty, it is worth washing it first and only then proceed with the combing procedure,
  • it is necessary to comb the animal only in the way the coat is kept - from the roots to the tips, in no case can this be done in the opposite direction,
  • so that the long coat does not get into the pet’s food, you should definitely resort to using a special net.

Regarding regular walks in the fresh air, the Afghan hound character of the dog provides for very great activity, therefore, it is necessary to walk with it regularly, constantly loading it physically. The dog prefers running after small animals, and can also simply chase them until it determines their habitat.

Under the natural conditions of the Afghan mountains, puppies of the Afghan hound are born in the cold conditions of the Afghan mountains, so they can not stand the heat both in infancy and as adult dogs. If it is very hot outside, then it is worth limiting walks in the heat as much as possible so that the animal does not feel weakened.

As for the usual duration of walks, it should be at least two hours. It is worthwhile to pay attention to physical activities during walking, such as running, pet communication with large varieties of dogs. It is also noted that if the animal is in very close contact with dogs during the walk, then its activity at home is significantly reduced. Thus, walking your pet is active and regular.

The breed of the Afghan hound has such a preference as temporary loneliness and rest from the bustle. Thus, equipping the place of the animal in your living room, it is necessary to make sure that it can relax, and no one touches it. The animal simply loves to play with a variety of toys for dogs, so if you leave it alone at home, be sure to take care of the availability of these items, otherwise the dog will begin to spoil furniture and household items.


As for greyhounds, these dogs are an exception to the rule and live much longer than other large dog breeds. Thus, a dog can live from fourteen to sixteen years.

Animals of this breed are keen enough to feel pain, even if the wound is not significant, the dog can rush off from its appearance. Thus, the characteristic of Afghan aspen diseases is approximately the following:

  • eye problems
  • heart failure,
  • depigmentation of the nasal lobe (usually the nose of the animal is black),
  • gastrointestinal problems.

As you can see, the list of the main problems of this breed is not extensive enough, this makes it possible to judge the fairly good health of the Afghan Hounds.

Afghan Hound Puppies

A greyhound puppy should be accustomed to hair care procedures from birth, although the coat at this age is still very short. This is necessary in order for the animal to get used to grooming, otherwise then, when the coat grows, it will simply be impossible to accustom it to beauty.

Greyhound puppies are clumsy enough even when they reach the age of one year. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to their features and the main description:

  1. A small dog is picky enough to eat. Thus, if she does not like food at all, then she will not eat it. This can very much affect her coat, as well as weight. Therefore, a balanced diet is the basic rule for raising a puppy. Be sure to make sure that the diet contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals for the normal growth and development of the animal.
  2. The puppy just loves toys. Thus, ensure his access to all his favorite entertainment. If the dog does not find its favorite ball, then it can begin to nibble on furniture, shoes, clothes and household items.

How much the Afghan hound is worth depends primarily on the thoroughbredness of the puppy, as well as on his physical health.

It is also worth considering the following basic rules if you decide to have a puppy with an Afghan hound dog:

  • it’s necessary to forbid the puppy, something that is completely not allowed to him
  • the water must always be fresh and be in constant access of the animal,
  • do not turn off the lights at night until the animal is fully adapted to new living conditions,
  • the dog must be praised with good behavior,
  • in the heat of the walk, you should limit it as much as possible so that the dog does not begin to feel bad.

The Afghan Hound is a queen filled with charm, beauty and grace.

History of the origin of the Afghan Hounds

The Afghan Hound is one of the oldest dog breeds, whose roots go back thousands of years. Wall paintings of dogs of this breed date back to 2000 BC. These dogs are mentioned in Egyptian papyrus and probably existed even earlier, judging by some found fossils.

The ancestor of the Afghan Hound was a dog from Asia, who came along with the nomad Indo-Europeans. Dogs were present at the base of the Bactrian kingdom, which was located in the south of modern Afghanistan. After that, Europeans began to migrate to the territory of modern Iran, and faithful companions followed people.

Afghan hounds were high because, according to the Qur'an, these dogs could be brought into the house, while dogs of other breeds did not have the right to be at home. The Afghan hound arrived in Europe only at the end of the 19th century - until that time the dog existed in isolation from free crossbreeding with other breeds. This allowed the Afghan hound to acquire a unique appearance and persistent character.

Interesting fact: In 1907, the cynological organization finally drew attention to the unique Afghan hound. A dog named Zardin participated in a cynological exhibition, where he won the award "The Most Beautiful Dog." Interest in the breed flared up instantly, but there were not many valuable "pure" specimens of the breed in Europe. Breeders wanted to take Zardin for breeding, but he died early.

New Afghan greyhounds arrived in Europe only in 1926. Then they received recognition from the English Kennel Club, an association that dominated dog breeding in Europe. The first exhibition of Afghan Hounds borne fruit - a dog named Sirdar was chosen, which became the progenitor of many "European" Afghan Hounds. This breed gained the greatest popularity in the 80s of the 20th century.

Afghan Hound - breed description

Afghan hounds usually have a height of 60 to 70 cm, at the withers - the difference is not important. Much more important is the constitution of the body, the fit of the head, the location of the paws, the stance and the manner of movement as a whole.

The head of an Afghan hound is long, elongated, thin. It is not rough and not angular, all folds are smoothed. The muzzle and skull are approximately the same length and height, although some breeders tend to maximize the elongation of the muzzle. The skull smoothly passes to the muzzle, and the nose has a small hump.

The bite of the Afghan hounds can be either a scissor or a straight bite. Also, due to the narrowness of the muzzle, some teeth are sometimes missing. The eyes of the Afghan hound are almond-shaped, slightly elongated in the corners and sometimes triangular.

Interesting fact: Afghan hounds have a large ear canal that almost reaches the nose, which makes them very sensitive to the smallest sounds. Outer ears of medium length, drooping.

Afghan hounds are tall, thin, dry dogs. Their shoulders are tilted, long enough and pulled back. Thanks to this structure, the front paws stand directly under the dog, forming a narrow, convex rib cage.

The peculiarity of the structure of the Afghan hounds is that the bones are not attached to each other by other bones - they are fastened with strong muscles that are functional in fast running. The bones of the Afghan hounds are quite heavy and rounded. The pelvic part is slightly elevated, the legs appear disproportionately long compared with the body.

The body is also elongated. The tail rounds up a little - it is thin and long. The dog’s abdomen is taut, the body is very narrow in girth, the chest with strong large lungs.

Popular colors of the Afghan Hounds

Afghan hounds have a long silky coat that grows evenly throughout the body. The length of the coat from the back can almost reach the ground, so because of it the dog sometimes looks larger than it is. On the face of the Afghan hounds, the hair does not grow, while ears overgrown with wool are often called “tail hair”.

The following colors are recognized as a breed standard:

  • Light fawn. This is a platinum, golden coat color. The back, face, ears, tail and legs are completely covered with this shade. However, small deviations from monochrome in the form of beige shades on the back, paws, neck and nose are also quoted. The light yellow color of the Afghan hound is considered a classic and is most common in Russia,
  • Fawn color. The combination of golden, platinum and white colors. As a rule, dogs of this color are unevenly pigmented. Platinum is the chest, paws, ears, stomach and tail. Beige and gold colors are located on the back from head to tail, on the muzzle and on the base of the paws. In terms of effectiveness, this color of the Afghan hound is not inferior to light yellow,
  • Dark yellow color combines golden beige and dark beige shades. The back, neck, base of the tail, muzzle and legs of the dog are painted in dark, almost black shades. The belly, chest, neck, legs in length, the ears and the tip of the tail remain light,
  • Light red color. This is a bright coat, painted in light red and its brighter shade. The back, muzzle, tail, and base of the paws are generally brighter than the rest of the body. In the light of the sun, such a dog literally burns like fire,
  • Red with blackening. Off-gray color with a red tint. Blotches of black hair are found on the back, ears and head, and the muzzle is painted in lighter shades,
  • The gray-fawn domino is a dark gray back, tail and ears, while the rest of the dog’s body is fleshy or light gray. The color is quite dark and is quite rare,
  • There are Afghan hounds of red shades of wool. The color is similar to light fawn, but darker by several tones, which makes the dog almost fiery,
  • Black and tan color combines black and platinum wool. These are completely black dogs that have a lighter face, neck and chest.

The nature and habits of the Afghan Hounds

Afghan hounds get along well in large families. They are playful, affectionate and obedient. However, cynologists believe that the Afghan Hounds are one of the most stupid dog breeds in the world. For centuries, these dogs have been raised as hunters who can drive quick prey but not kill it. Therefore, Afghan hounds are really bad watchmen, often scared of noisy sounds and do not rush to protect the owner from danger.

Interesting fact: The Afghan greyhounds have a well-developed hunting instinct, which follows from its thousand-year history of existence.For a walk, you should keep this dog next to you, because it can rush in pursuit of any small animal. Therefore, the dog should be trained from an early age so that it obeys the owner implicitly.

At the same time, Afghan hounds are quite calm animals. They get along well with children and allow them a lot. Dogs of this breed are not prone to aggression and rarely show that they do not like something, which makes them very patient companions. But you should not expect that they, like labradors, will take responsibility for raising children.

In addition, Afghan hounds have a sense of dignity. They do not bark over trifles, walk measuredly, rarely express emotions of joy or aggression. It’s hard to piss off, although young dogs are always ready to join the game. Adult dogs play infrequently, but need regular physical activity.

Afghan hounds get along well with dogs of other breeds, even with especially playful ones. They patiently endure hustle and bustle, although they prefer to spend time in solitude and silence.

Interesting facts about the Afghan Hounds

Dogs of the Afghan hound breed were used to hunt not only hares and small game. Fast dogs were ambushed by wolves, leopards, gazelles, and even wild boars. During the chase, the shyness of the dogs becomes dull, so they do not give in to large animals.

The long wool of the Afghan hounds is very versatile. It allows dogs to develop tremendous speed due to streamlining. In addition, wool provides competent thermoregulation - dogs do not freeze high in the mountains. And in a sandy desert, wool protects against sand and excessive heat.

For a long time, the Afghan hounds zealously defended against European dog handlers. Dogs were considered almost sacred, occupied an almost privileged position among the population. They were brought to England only after the Second World War, which kept the breed clean in breeding.

Because of their appearance - slender long legs and excellent silky hair, Afghan dogs are called models of the canine world. The Afghan Hound can reach speeds of up to 64 km / h at short distances, which makes it a champion among dogs. This speed is the average vehicle speed.

According to some legends, the Afghan hound was in Noah's Ark during the Flood. The genotype of an Afghan hound is closer to wolves than to dogs. Indeed, if you completely trim this dog, it will remotely resemble a wolf.

Pros and Cons of the Afghan Hounds

Like all other dog breeds, Afghan Hounds have a number of advantages and disadvantages to be reckoned with before choosing a puppy of this breed.

The advantages of the Afghan hounds include:

  • Balanced, calm character. Dogs are not quick-tempered, not overly active, calmly endure loneliness and do not make unnecessary sounds,
  • Delicacy. Rarely, Afghan hounds show dissatisfaction - as a rule, if they don’t like something, they gently point it out. Because of their habits, dogs are even considered an “elite” among other breeds,
  • Exotic looks. Many breeders pay primary attention to this factor. Indeed, such a dog makes a great impression on others due to its appearance and manner of holding,
  • Good health. Afghan dogs did not interbreed with other breeds, but, at the same time, lived in very harsh conditions, where they required maximum endurance and speed. This made the Afghan Hounds resistant to many diseases,
  • Good attitude with children. Although Afghan hounds are not very playful in adulthood, they do not mind tinkering with children. Due to their nature, they will never offend a child,
  • The complete absence of aggression. They are indifferent to other dogs and animals, rarely show negative emotions towards people, and are very patient.

The cons of the Afghan Hounds are as follows:

  • Low intelligence. This dog cannot be trained in many teams, they are difficult to train and sometimes lazy,
  • Waywardness, stubbornness. Sometimes intelligence is not at all the cause of a dog’s poor parenting. Afghan hounds are very wayward and independent, which also creates difficulties in training,
  • Costly care. These dogs require good food and excellent hair care,
  • Long walks. Since the dogs are hunting breeds, they must be walked for a long time and intensively so that the animal does not become depressed,
  • Poor security. Dogs are peaceful and indifferent, so they will not be able to guard the owner or house.

Breeding Afghan Hounds

Newbies should not breed Afghan Hounds. Only professionals who have gained enough strength and patience can correctly select dogs for mating, raise puppies and competently socialize them. If you decide to bring the puppies out on your own, then it is best to do this together with a canine.

Dogs mature late - by about three years of age. The first mating of a bitch should not occur earlier than after the third estrus, otherwise the dog will have difficulty bearing the offspring. Usually Afghan hounds bring 6-8 puppies, but often there are multiple pregnancies - up to 15 puppies in the litter.

Important fact: From the first minutes in the house, the puppy must know where its place is. Also, do not pamper the puppy, regularly pointing out the rules of behavior and correcting deviations from normal behavior. You should not feed the puppy from the table, you should not allow him to enter prohibited territories.

To train a puppy is also worth it from early childhood while still at home. The first step is to teach the team "no", because in the future it will have to be pronounced often. The “to me” and “place” commands will be important, because at a young age the dog will be ready to rush after any small animal.

If you plan to raise a dog for exhibitions, then you should work on a training course for hunting dogs. So the Afghan Hounds competently socialize, learn to interact with other dogs and will be able to perfectly understand the owner's commands.

Afghan Hound Care

It is easy to understand that these dogs need to be carefully and carefully looked after so that they remain healthy and beautiful. Dog hair is thin and silky, so it should be combed several times a day with special soft brushes with frequent teeth.

In caring for the coat of this dog, it is best to use the services of professionals, as it is easily confused and stray into tangles.

Simple remedies are also not suitable for the care of Afghan hounds:

  • A special shampoo that will delicately remove dirt from the dog’s coat and skin,
  • Conditioner balm, which will give the hair shine, and the hair structure - strength,
  • In specialized stores, wax is sold that needs to process the soft wool of the Afghan hounds. He will not let the wool fall into tangles, he will repel small particles of dirt, which will allow him to bathe the dog less often,
  • You also need to buy special wet wipes that can be used to treat the dog’s coat and skin. It’s important to wipe your eyes and ears, as they are also prone to clogging,
  • Several brushes are required when caring for the Afghan hound: a soft brush made of natural bristles, a small comb with small frequent teeth and a comb with large rare teeth,
  • In addition to grooming, Afghan hounds need to cut their claws at least twice a month, otherwise the dogs may knock them down and cause an infection. You can understand that it’s time to cut the claws by the characteristic clatter of the dog on the floor.

Afghan Hound Diet

If you are raising a puppy for shows, then it is undoubtedly better to give preference to ready-made premium food. It is worth buying them on foreign sites that specialize in nutrition Afghan hounds dogs. Due to individual characteristics, even a premium class finished feed may not be well balanced for this breed.

Feeding with natural food is a difficult task, requiring careful selection of food. These dogs need to be fed three times a day: in the morning, at lunch and in the evening. Fresh water should be poured several times a day, as dogs often drink. Food should be served in small portions, each of which contains the required amount of healthy ingredients.

Products should be included in the diet:

  • Fresh lean meats such as chicken, beef,
  • Boiled vegetables - zucchini, beets, carrots, pumpkin, cabbage. You can give raw cucumbers and tomatoes,
  • Heart, liver, lungs - chicken and beef offal,
  • Ground beef, finely ground, boneless,
  • Low-fat kefir, fermented baked milk, yoghurts,
  • River fish and seafood rich in iodine - not more than once a week,
  • Twice a week should be given a boiled egg as a calcium supplement,
  • Raw apples and pears
  • Of the cereals - only buckwheat, rice and wheat.

Dogs should never be fed from the table. Pork and turkey, as well as sweets, pastries, salted and smoked foods, potatoes, are contraindicated in products.

Diseases and Health Problems

Afghan hound dog possesses excellent immunity and is not susceptible to many diseases. Nevertheless, the life expectancy of these dogs is only 8-13 years, which is catastrophically small even with proper care. Afghan hounds rarely catch a cold and are almost not affected by any viruses.

Most diseases are somehow related to the physiology of dogs:

  • Inversion of the stomach or intestines. This is due to the weakening of the ligaments that support the internal organs. It is difficult to predict this disease, it appears suddenly, is treated only by emergency surgical intervention of a veterinarian. An emergency operation saves many dogs of this breed from death,
  • Caroidmyopathy is a structural change in the heart walls. It develops among dogs engaged in sports activities that regularly experience physical activity. So that the disease does not appear, physical activity must be normalized and regulated,
  • Chylothorax is a disease associated with filling the pleural cavity with a fluid that consists of fat and lymph. This disease is characteristic of the Afghan breed and manifests itself mainly in old age, although with poor care it can develop at any age,
  • All kinds of skin diseases are often caused by insufficient hair care. Koltuny can provoke the occurrence of eczema, dermatitis and demodicosis. Such diseases can be easily treated, but it’s better to check with your veterinarian regularly,
  • Myelopathy is a pathology that can be either congenital or acquired. It is characterized by damage to the spinal cord. It’s very difficult to diagnose it; in the late stage of the dog, they are usually euthanized,
  • Hypotheriosis and other abnormalities in the functioning of the immune system are also not uncommon for Afghan hounds,
  • Sometimes Afghan hounds suffer from cataracts and other diseases of the retina.

In general, diseases in this breed appear rarely and are easily predicted. Regular examination by specialists and proper care will protect the dog from almost any disease.

Afghan hound - price and how to buy

Afghan hound is not cheaper than 10 thousand rubles. It is best to buy puppies in nurseries with all vaccinations and documents. On various sites there are ads for the sale of Afghan Hound puppies worth more than two thousand rubles. But, even if the puppies are truly purebred, they can have many congenital pathologies.

Dogs bred with Afghan hounds also have poor health and low social qualities. If you want to buy a dog of this breed, then saving on a puppy and its contents is not worth it.

Afghan Hound puppies look ugly, so choose a puppy with a professional breeder who can determine the potential of a dog. Often, kennels provide customers with not only documents for the puppy, but also offer food, advise and facilitate the move of the dog to a new home in every way. Puppies move in the 12th week of life. So it’s easiest for them to endure separation from their mother and quickly get used to the new environment.

Afghan hound - a graceful dog, whose movements and appearance attract attention. Due to their proud and calm nature, as well as posture and rich appearance, they have acquired the status of "model" dogs. Despite the fact that these dogs have good immunity, they are demanding care and need competent and responsible owners.

Breed history

Despite the name, Afghanistan is not the historical homeland of the Afghan hound. There are versions that the breed came from Mesopotamia, China or from Persia. It is believed that the first varieties of Afghan existed in the Middle East millennia ago.

A good reason to call these greyhounds Afghan was the findings of archaeologists. During excavations on the territory of Afghanistan, images of dogs that were exactly similar to the Afghans were discovered. Ancient creations are dated by the second century BC.

In Afghanistan, the attitude to the pelvis is special. Here they are valued, revered, protected as a national treasure. Until the end of the nineteenth century, a decree was in force in Afghanistan to ban the export of Afghan hounds from the country.

The appearance of the Afghan is similar to saluki, the main difference between these dogs is the thicker coat of the Afghan. Becoming a modern Afghan hound was carried out by breeders. During the breeding work, they crossed the ancient Afghan hound with a saluki.

Bakkhmul was an indispensable assistant to his masters during the hunt. In this case, the goal of a greyhound could be both small rabbits and more serious game in the form of predatory animals. Hunting talent and the ability to tirelessly chase the game for a long time, and then hold it until the arrival of the hunter, the Afghan is similar to the Estonian and Russian hounds.

Also, these greyhounds were used as watchdogs responsible for the safety of farm property and livestock. Among the nobility, it was fashionable to keep a bodyguard in the form of an Afghan.

After the lifting of the ban on the export of pots from Afghanistan, the British border guards were the first to bring these dogs to the UK. Also, European countries got acquainted with a new type of greyhounds thanks to the British colonialists who brought the Afghans with them, returning to their homeland from the Persian campaigns. This happened at the end of the nineteenth century.

Breed standard

The appearance of the Afghan hound indicates its independence, pride and a certain alienation. The impression is quite justified on the strength, power and speed of this dog.

Together with the listed characteristics, it can be argued that the Afghan has a very beautiful exterior. For the most part, thanks to the long wool, which resembles a veil, falling to the ground.

The distant ancestors of the Afghans did not look at all as attractive as modern representatives of the breed. They had a grosser physique, although the coat was thick and long, but it did not look so beautiful. The character welcomed aggression.

Now the Afghan hound is more elegant, beautiful and friendly. Adult growth 63-74 cm.weight about 20-30 kg.

An elongated head rests on a long, powerful neck. Ears are hanging, covered with long, adorning hair. The eyes are triangular in shape, dark or golden.

The muzzle is long, the nose is black or brown (depending on color). The jaws are powerful, the bite is straight or scissor.

All parts of the body with well-developed muscles. Croup with a slight slope towards the tail. The loin is short, wide. The back is straight. The chest is deep.

The tail is of medium length, twisted into a ring at the end.

The legs are long, straight, muscular. The step is light, smooth.

The wool of the Afghan hound is the main decoration and difference of the breed. She is silky and thick. The coat on different parts of the body is not the same:

  • Extremities, sides, chest - the coat is thin, long.
  • The muzzle is short.
  • Frontal part - flowing silky locks.
  • Paws, ears - long, thick.
  • The line of the spine - the coat is short, thick.

Color is allowed any. There are two-tone, three-color combinations. The most common colors: red, black, white, silver, beige, blue. According to the standard, white marks are unacceptable.

Maintenance and care

It is recommended to keep the Afghan hound in a spacious aviary, equipped according to all the rules. Such a dog is not afraid of cold, heat is much more dangerous. The ideal option for maintenance is a private house with a fenced adjacent territory. The chain for the greyhound is contraindicated.

If you keep afghan in the apartment, be prepared for daily walks with your pet. He should receive regular exercise. Walking time lasts at least three hours a day.

In public places it is necessary to use a leash and a muzzle. Due to the highly developed hunting instinct, the dog can chase a cat or a bird. Look for a place outside the village where the Afghan will be able to run around, jump, play active games.

In hot weather, it is not recommended to walk with the Afghan hound, and even more so to load it physically under the scorching sun. Representatives of this breed feel comfortable in a cool climate. Heat can lead to overheating, thermal shock.

To maintain the health and beauty of the appearance of the bakhmul, on time, in accordance with all the rules, carry out the following procedures:

  • We comb out every day after a walk. We use a special conditioner for long-haired dogs.
  • During molting, a furminator is recommended.
  • Do not comb dry and dirty hair. If the dog is very smeared, first bathe with air conditioning, then comb.
  • We bathe every 7-10 days.
  • Before feeding, we hide the long strands of Afghan hair under the net so that they do not get smeared in the feed.
  • Eyes are regularly inspected, as necessary, cleaned from secretions.
  • Ears are cleaned once a week with napkins dipped in a special solution.
  • We cut the claws with a clipper once every 30-40 days.
  • We brush the teeth with a paste and a special brush weekly.

Food should like a dog. Afghan is picky about food. If the food is not liked, the dog may refuse food for a long time.

The basis of the borzoi diet is protein products. We feed adults 2 times a day, the portion sizes should be discussed with the veterinarian. It is important that fresh water is always available to the pet.

It is important to monitor the cleanliness of dishes for water and food. It is also important with a natural method of feeding to provide the dog with vitamin, mineral supplements.


The average life expectancy of Afghan Greyhound is about 11-13 years. Afghan can live longer, but subject to proper nutrition, maintenance and care. It is important to vaccinate on time, treat internal and external parasites and show the pet once a year to the veterinarian for preventive examinations.

By nature, health is good, but there is a predisposition of the Afghan to the following diseases:

  • Demodecosis - affects the skin and internal organs.
  • Cataract - eye disease, if untreated, can lead to dangerous complications.
  • Hypothyroidism - pathology due to a lack of thyroid hormones.
  • Bloating - If urgent measures are not taken, the Afghan may die in a matter of hours.
  • Retinal Dystrophy - a hereditary disease that leads to loss of vision.
  • Cardiomyopathy - pathology of the heart.
  • Congenital Chylothorax - The accumulation of chylus in the pleural cavity.

The owner of the afghan should know that his pet has an extremely low pain threshold. Even a minor wound, a scratch gives the greyhound severe pain. It is important to carefully monitor the condition of the dog, treat the lesions with special drugs on time and contact the veterinarian for help without delay.

Representatives of the breed tolerate anesthesia very poorly. If you have to apply anesthesia, you must carefully determine the desired dose.

Training and education

Education, training in the rules of conduct in the house and on the street can be carried out by the owner of a greyhound without outside help. The main thing is to carry out socialization as early as possible.

With regards to more serious training, it is recommended to seek help from a dog handler. The fact is that the Afghan has an independent character, during lessons it can be stubborn, not obey.

Initially, you should tune in for long-term training under the guidance of a coach. It will take patience, firmness and consistency. But even after passing the training courses, the Afghan Greyhound will not be completely subordinate, making decisions independently.

Only after a long and hard work with the dog can you achieve high results in training. The main thing is to have trust and contact with the pet. At the same time, one cannot show weakness. The word of the master is the law!

It is worth noting that training puppies and young individuals should be carried out with great care. The fact is that at an early age, Afghans are poorly coordinated and clumsy. This is due to the too rapid growth and development of greyhounds. Based on the foregoing, it is impossible to overexert puppies, their exercises require careful monitoring. In this way, injuries and bone development problems can be avoided.

Pros and cons of the breed

Only for those who are willing to devote a lot of time to grooming, training, walking their pet, the breed is an Afghan hound. It will be difficult for beginners to cope with such a dog. In any case, before buying an Afghan puppy, you should familiarize yourself with the main advantages and disadvantages of the breed.


1. Difficult care.
2. Not suitable for housing in small apartments.
3. Waywardness, stubbornness.
4. Requires a lot of attention and long daily walks with physical activity.
5. It is difficult to train.
6. Low pain threshold.
7. Anesthesia is very poorly tolerated.
8. Does not tolerate heat, can quickly get heat stroke.
9. The manifestation of the hunting instinct in inappropriate situations.
10. Picky in food.

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Breed description

One of the breeds with a thousand-year history, the Afghan Hound is elegant and incredibly beautiful. Waves of flowing wool, scattered by the wind in motion, will not leave indifferent even those who are cold to dogs of group 10.

Afghan is a large dog that needs regular long exercise and grooming. They are affectionate, but independent, affectionate and distinguished by a pronounced instinct for the pursuit of fleeing game. Moreover, during the pursuit, the dog forgets about everything and does not respond to the owner’s shouts.

These dogs are loved by bohemians, so they combine aristocracy and unbridled disposition, they look great in photographs and paintings. This dog is a frequent winner of BESTs, so they are handled by the handlers with pleasure and started by fans of dog shows.

As for working qualities, the Afghans, who have lived in palaces and rich houses for a long time, are not as passionate hunters as other eastern greyhounds. However, this does not mean that they have completely turned into urban dogs. The spirit of freedom, competition, the need for movement and rutting, this breed has preserved so far.

Character and features

Afghans, despite their equanimous appearance, are affectionate and affectionate. These dogs are very fond of their owners and can be called dogs of one owner. Of course, they adapt well in the new conditions, but they remember their beloved master all their lives.

It is important for the afghan to have enough space, and this applies not only to walking, but also to the place on your favorite sofa or trestle bed by the fireplace. These dogs do not like to be moved, driven or trampled on them. They are always suspicious of other dogs and can be said to be jealous. If you want to keep the Afghan with other dogs, you need to bring him into the school as a puppy so that he gets used to the company from an early age. And even with such cultivation, the Afghan is trying to stay apart.

On walks, he loves to run and does not like to be overtaken. These dogs are great trainers for other breeds. If they became friends with someone, then this is for life.

Most Afghans, when they see a fast-moving object, lose control of themselves and communication with the owner - they need to catch up with the game. Therefore, when starting a dog of this breed, you must immediately look for a field for it for coursing or dog racing. It doesn’t matter if your dog will win - it is important that he has enough loads for him.

Among the pedigree diseases of the Afghan Hounds, the most common are inversion, retinal atrophy, cardiomyopathy, hereditary myelopathy, demodecosis, hypothyroidism.

Care and maintenance

The long wool of the Afghan hound does not fade on its own and needs regular grooming and trimming. A thoroughbred haircut is a characteristic “saddle” on the back that improves the silhouette of the dog and gives its appearance completeness and grace.

Exhibition Afghan is an ode to the groomer. But few breeds can boast such a stunning appearance and ability to easily win the final BEST of exhibitions.

Domestic non-exhibition dogs are sometimes sheared. This is not the best hair care, because after cutting, the hair loses its unique texture and begins to curl.

Dogs who spend a lot of time in the fields leave a lot of their hair on the grass and shrubs and therefore do not look as magnificent as show handsome men. However, such a lifestyle is more suitable for the Afghan than lying on the couch with infrequent walking.

Dogs are combed out weekly with a brush, choosing the coils formed around the turnip with a comb with rare large teeth. Ears and eyes are examined at the same frequency. Greyhounds, deprived of sufficient exercise, may need regular cleaning of the paraanal glands. And if you feed the greyhound only with soft food, then you will have to brush your teeth regularly.


Afghans are active dogs and their diet should consist of correctly selected components. Special foods are selected so that they take into account the high activity of the greyhound and its long coat, which is not suitable for very high doses of protein.

It is better to feed the Afghan hound two to three times a day in small doses. This will prevent inversion and give the dog enough energy for an active life.

It is better to fix the long coat on the ears before eating with an elastic band, and choose a deep and narrow bowl. This will allow the dog to get less dirty during feeding. Large pieces of meat and bone spoil the wool on the front legs, so before they give them better to put on the arms of the arms.

Breed history

Greyhounds are one of the first domesticated dogs, and are of Asian origin. Such dogs were found in pre-Sumerian Mesopotamia. The birthplace of the Afghan hound itself is Afghanistan, where trade routes from Greece and Persia to China and India have long crossed. It is assumed that the Afghan hounds came to Afghanistan together with the nomadic Yuezhi tribe (also known as Hakka), originally from the Altai Mountains. The Afghan hound was, as it were, in the middle between the basins (Arabian desert hound) and the Arab hound.

The modern history of the breed began with the creation by Major Emps of a kennel of these dogs called Ghazni. It happened in 1919 in the Kabul area. After that, the Afghan Hounds were first discussed in England, then throughout the world. In 1907, the Afghan Hound was first shown at the exhibition and immediately won it. The name of the dog was Zardin, and unfortunately, he did not leave offspring.

The English Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1926. In the same year, the breed was recognized in the United States. The first standard was published in 1948.

Interesting facts about the breed

It is curious that in their homeland the Afghans do an excellent job with the shepherd’s service.

Dogs of this breed are allowed to sleep in the owner’s bed, go into any dwelling and eat the owner’s food.

At present, there are at least six intra-breed types of Afghans.

The southern and western regions of Afghanistan are famous for short-haired, medium-sized and not very well-dressed kalahs (translated as “bald”).

In the Southwest, a variety is bred by naming onions - short-haired dogs similar to servants.

The northern mountainous regions are famous for the mountain type, the so-called Bahmul. (This word translates as “shaggy.” These are large, bony dogs with powerful hind and fine, long hairs. They were considered to be royal dogs, they were kept in India by rajas and maharajas.

In the homeland of the breed, white and red colors of Afghan are preferred.

Origin of breed

This breed is formed naturally. Her story, rooted many millennia ago, is entangled in legends. According to one of them, the Afghan hound was one of the animals that Noah took on his ark, fleeing the flood.

The first references and cave paintings of dogs similar to modern Afghans date back to the 20th century. They were found in the caves of Persia and Afghanistan. It is believed that the Afghans are the result of the crossing of a saluki (Persian greyhound) and ancient Afghan greyhounds. For thousands of years, the appearance of dogs has undergone changes, in particular, the hair has become shaggy and long - as a reliable protection from the harsh mountain climate.

Afghanistan is not the historical homeland of these dogs (it may be Persia, China, and Mesopotamia), however, the breed got its name from the country in which it was very much appreciated and was in a special position. It is known that among Muslims all dogs are considered “unclean” animals and only tazi (the second name for the Afghan Hounds, which means “fast”) were an exception.

They were actively used for hunting various game, their strength, stamina and speed were enough to pursue and keep prey. They were the personal bodyguards of the nobility, the guards of the dwellings and the watchmen of the cattle.

Dogs are still considered the national symbol of Afghanistan, and for a long time their export from the country was banned. It was only in the 19th century that several dogs were brought to Europe by the British colonialists returning home from Persian campaigns.

Refined oriental dogs looked unusually impressive against the background of brutal fighting breeds. Already in 1925, the first breed standard was officially approved, a year later the first British club of Afghan hounds was organized.

How to choose a puppy

In Russia, there are not many nurseries involved in the cultivation of Afghan hounds. The cost of a puppy depends on the class:

  • pet - 20-25 thousand rubles,
  • Breed - 40-45 thousand rubles.,
  • show - 80-100 thousand rubles.

Private sellers of small Afghan can be purchased for 15,000 rubles (without a pedigree). In this case, all risks must be taken into account: getting a mixed breed, a sick puppy, etc.

Care Features

Keeping an Afghan hound is not easy and expensive. The difficulty lies in caring for a luxurious fur coat.So that she does not lose her aesthetic appearance, the dog needs weekly bathing with the use of shampoos for long-haired breeds, drying with a hairdryer.

A luxurious coat should be thoroughly combed, including hard-to-reach areas where the wool quickly knocks off. Otherwise, warlocks cannot be avoided. You need to comb along the line of hair growth: from the base to the tips. Procedures should be carried out daily and 2-3 times a day - during molting.

Some owners find a way out, collecting in plaits and braiding magnificent hair in braids. This greatly simplifies maintenance. In rain and slush, it is advisable to wear a waterproof jumpsuit on your pet.

Other necessary hygiene procedures include brushing your ears, teeth, rubbing your eyes with a wet disc, and clipping your claws.

The Afghan Hound is an active breed, therefore, it requires daily long walks twice a day for 1.5 hours, physical activity, as well as a large number of toys so that it can occupy itself in the absence of the owner.

An ideal place for keeping a greyhound is a private house with a vast local area. In the courtyard it is necessary to build an aviary where the Afghan can move freely. Keeping the dog on the chain is not recommended. For training, it is preferable to use a field, meadow, hilly terrain.