A tall dog with well-developed muscles. Setter Gordon (Scottish Setter)perhaps the heaviest among the setters, its head is wide, voluminous and with a rounded skull, larger and more powerful than other breeds of this group. The backbone is powerful, the physique is strong.
Gordon is a well-built black and tan puppy. Height at the withers 58-69 cm, weight 20-Z6 kg. Color black with a brilliant bluish tint with a red-red tan. The coat is elongated, tight-fitting. Dressing wool is long and silky.
In the XVIII century. In Scotland, in the castle of Gordon, famous for its setters of various colors, a black and tan collie appeared, possessing the ability to find partridges. The castle owner became interested in this dog and decided to use it to breed a new black and tan setter breed. Black and red-haired setters became common in Scotland and were recognized as the most resilient and most suitable for harsh working conditions. These setters appeared black and tan with white markings. No speckles were allowed in the Gordon breed. This Scottish breed is a great game dog for game birds.
The breed is recognized by FCI, AKC, UKS, KCGV, SKS, ANKS.
Setter Gordon is a wonderful dog for the family, famous for its friendliness and obedience. This beautiful elegant dog is an excellent hunter and is famous for its magnificent instinct. She gets along well with children.
General form. The Gordon Setter is a large enough, strong black and tan dog, with well-developed muscles, strong bones, but active and stylish, showing the ability to work all day in the field. This setter has a strong and somewhat short back, well-developed ribs and a short tail. The head is quite heavy. His demeanor is intelligent, noble and majestic, with no signs of shyness or malice. Wool of deep saturated color, straight or slightly wavy. It embodies strength and endurance rather than high speed. Movement is free, keeps the head high during movement.
Sizes. Proportions. Sizes - height for males - 60-69, for females - 59-67. Weight for males - 25-36.5 kg, for females - 20.5-32 kg. Excessive thinness or weight prevents the dog from fully showing Gordon's hunting abilities. The ratio of dog weight to height in Gordon is greater than that of other setters.
Proportions. The distance from the sternum to the base of the tail is almost equal to the growth of the dog at the withers.
Head. The head is deep, wide enough, with a massive cranial part. Eyes of medium size, set not deep, but not on the roll-out, dark brown, bright and smart. The section of the eyes is rather oval than round. The eyelids fit snugly. Ears are set low, almost in line with the eyes, large enough, thin, firmly pressed to the head. The skull is a good size, wide between the ears. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is well defined. The muzzle is long enough, not raised up when viewed from the side. Drums do not hang out. The muzzle is the same length as the skull; the top lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The nose is wide, with open nostrils, black. The contour of the lips, from nose to bryly, is square. Teeth strong and white, scissor bite.
Neck. Top line. Body. The neck is long, without suspension. The top line is moderately degraded from the withers to the base of the tail. The body is short from shoulder to hips. The chest is deep, but not very wide when viewed from the front, the ribs are well deployed, leaving a lot of volume light. The depth of the chest reaches the elbows. The loin is short and wide. The croup is fairly flat with a slight slope towards the base of the tail. The tail is short, not lower than the hocks, held horizontally or slightly up. Thick at the base. The location of the tail is important for its correct position when moving. If the angle at the base of the tail is too sharp, then the dog holds the tail too high above the back or bends it on the back. Ideally, the tail should be a continuation of the back line.
Forelimbs. The shoulders are pointing back, showing a good angle. The blades are brought tightly together. Seen from the front, the neck smoothly passes into the shoulder. The angle of the shoulder-shoulder blade is 90 degrees when the front legs of the dog are perpendicular to the ground. Forelegs are powerful, bony, straight, with free elbows in motion not turned outward and not turned inward. Straight at the wrists. The paws resemble cats, with close-fitting fingers, with a lot of fur between them.
Hind limbs. The hips are long, straight and muscular. The leg portion from the hock to the ground is short and strong. The angle of the knee and hock is well defined. The knee is not turned outward and not turned inward.
Wool. Soft and shiny, straight or slightly wavy, but without curls, longer on the ears, on the chest and under the stomach, on the back of the thighs and forelegs and tail. Tails on the tail are longer at the base and shorter at the end of the tail.
Color. Black with tan bright walnut or mahogany. Black marks may be on the fingers. The line of tan is clearly delineated. Black and red hair should not be mixed together. The tan marks are located in the following places:
1 - two clean spots above the eyes no more than 2 cm in diameter,
2 - side of the muzzle. The tan should not reach the nose bridge
3 - on the throat
4 - two large clean spots on the chest
5 - From the inside of the hind limbs and from the outside of the hind legs from the hock to the fingers. But it should not completely cover the black hair on the hind limbs.
6 - On the front legs from the wrist, or slightly higher, to the toes.
7 - under the tail
8 - a white mark on the chest is acceptable, but the smaller the better.
Dogs with a tan of non-standard color or in non-standard places are disqualified from participation in exhibitions and are not used in breeding.
Movement. Brave, strong, free gallop. The head is held high and the tail is constantly raised. Seen from the front, the front legs move up and down in a straight line, so that the shoulder, elbow and wrist are connected in almost the same line. Seen from the back, the hind legs move in a straight line. Legs do not turn inward and do not turn outward. The overall impression is smooth movement, with a well-balanced rhythm, pleasant to the eye, effortless, economical and harmonious.
Temperament. Setter Gordon is lively and cheerful. He is fearless, intelligent and gifted, faithful and affectionate.
History of breed origin
It is believed that the ancestors of the Scottish setter are spaniels. The selection of this breed was carried out in different directions, so there were many subspecies: for hunting in wetlands, on the plain, setting spaniels with a completely unique method of hunting. The tallest and largest individuals were crossed with similar breeds in order to consolidate hunting qualities.
At the beginning of the 9th century, hunters Thomas Klouk and Henry Paget drew attention to this subspecies, taking as a basis black setters with red tan. Subsequently, several such individuals came to the Duke Alexander Gordon. Their appearance was so appealing to the representative of the aristocracy that he engaged in breeding, emphasizing the improvement of hunting and security qualities, preservation and improvement of the exterior.
For these purposes, crosses were made with Irish setters, pointers, shepherds, hounds and bloodhounds, which gave the famous color with tan.
Subsequently, the selection was continued by the son of Gordon - Georg. As a result, it was possible to develop a completely new type of hunting dog with a set of unique qualities, which in its name wears a prefix in honor of the breeder - the Gordon setter. The breed finally formed by 1860.
Among the setters, the Gordons have the most impressive sizes, which affects their strength and endurance. They are versatile - they can hunt in any conditions, quickly adapting to the changes that may occur during the tracking of prey.
However, these same physical indicators affect the speed of the setters, forcing them to concede in this indicator to other cops.
The breed standards are:
- the height at the withers for males is 60-70 cm, for females 60-67 cm. This is a very important indicator for this breed, therefore any deviations from the standard indicators will lead to disqualification of the individual,
- the weight of males often reaches levels above 30 kg, bitches are lighter - from 25 to 30 kg,
a dog of this breed has very developed muscles with a strong skeleton,
- limbs are developed, long and very agile,
- a small head is located on a long elegant neck,
- the tail is strong, thick enough at the base, but tapering towards the end,
- on the neat elongated face there are a large number of olfactory receptors, which allows the Scottish setter to hunt in the most false conditions,
- triangular-shaped ears hanging
- breed belongs to the category of smooth-haired,
- Gordon's only acceptable primary color is black. A rusty tint is not allowed, the transition to tanning should be clear. The location of the tan marks is strictly regulated by the breed standard and any deviation leads to disqualification. White spots are unacceptable
- round or slightly almond-shaped eyes, brown eye color,
- Setter Gordon live an average of 12 to 16 years.
The nature and features of behavior
Setters are particularly loyal to the owner, as they are his constant companions in life.
Such a hunting dog has a very stable psyche and developed intelligence. Feels great in the company of other animals, but has the desire to lead and achieves this, suppressing competitors by force. A well-bred animal will never harm small pets, as they are trained not to touch prey on the hunt.
The family recognizes one of the family members as a leader, but this does not mean that the rest will lose the respect of the dog. Noble representatives of this breed get along well with children.
In addition to hunting, the Scottish setter will perfectly cope with the protection of his masters, but you can’t acquire a Scots only for the purpose of protecting the house.
Parenting and training
Even if hunting is not the main hobby of the future owner of the setter, he will have to constantly load the pet physically. Training should start as early as possible, gradually complicating the team.
Setters are completely unique hunters who track their prey by smell, then signal this to the owner, taking the stance. Further, after receiving a command, they scare the bird and fall to the ground so that the hunter can shoot, but not get into them.
Setter education occurs simultaneously with training. The training process is very important and requires the participation of a qualified specialist.
Only a pedigree dog with a pedigree can participate in the hunt. Such animals must undergo training, field trials and be registered in the hunting economy.
Disease and Care
Gordons are distinguished by their special endurance, they have strong immunity and rarely get sick. However, they have hereditary diseases:
- retinal atrophy, which is progressive in nature,
- joint dysplasia
- inversion of the intestines or stomach,
The breed is predisposed to parasitic infection due to its constant presence in nature, often in wetlands. Particular attention should be paid to tick treatment.
Setters do not need special care. A clear plan for their care is needed, which includes all routine vaccinations, treatment for all types of parasites and preventive calls to the veterinarian.
Scots wool needs daily combing, periodic trimming (on its own or in the salon). Since the setter ears are hanging, more frequent inspection and handling is required.
The dog is suitable for housing, but it will be absolutely happy only in close proximity to nature - outside the city. The owner must provide long walks with active physical activity.
Before the start of the hunting period, the dog must be prepared additionally by changing the diet.
The peculiarity of the breed is a very moderate appetite, so the owner will have to very strictly monitor the diet, including all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
You should choose premium dry foods that are designed specifically for active dogs.
For harmonious development, they begin to feed the puppy with a natural cow, which usually consists of lean meat and offal. From 6 months, the transition to finished feed is possible.
The setter ration should include a large amount of lean meat (chicken or beef) and vegetables. Cereals in the diet are necessary, but not more than half the daily portion.
The breed has an increased need for water.
Pros and cons
For the convenience of the future owner, one can highlight the advantages and disadvantages inherent in the breed.
- advanced intelligence
- good health,
- lack of aggression and rare barking.
- the need for complex training and constant loads,
- special hair care.
The nickname for the noble dog is chosen according to temperament. Often names are chosen from a family tree or from the names of historical figures.
For girls You can offer options for names: Tina, Yunna, Vicki, Lyme, Lizzy.
For boys: Gordon, Aiki, Morgan, Charles, Oscar.
Photo: wikimedia.org Photo: wikimedia.org
Do any of you have a pet of this breed? Have you chosen him as your pet or used as a hunting companion? Share your opinion about the breed, nature and features of the content of such dogs in the comments.
In the main specialty is a lawyer. At the moment I teach criminal law at the university and conduct various special courses. I love animals, all without exception, but in my heart I am one hundred percent “dog lover”. Gradually, the main hobby developed - participation in various groups of assistance to animals - from specialized pedigree to the most ordinary. Often I take dogs to overexposure to my home, so the issues of nutrition and caring for animals are one of the most interesting and relevant for me.
- An adult Scottish setter needs 60-90 minutes of daily exercise. It can be running, games, walks.
- They get along well with children and protect them. They can be real, best friends for children. It is important to remember that young children should not be left alone with dogs, no matter what breed they are!
- Smart and working by nature, they can be destructive if they do not find a way out for their energy and activities for the mind. Boredom and stagnation are not the best advisers and to avoid this, you need to properly load the dog.
- These dogs are not designed to live on a circuit or in an aviary. They love attention, people and games.
- In puppyhood, they are restless, but gradually settle down.
- A strong character is a common feature for the Scottish setters, they are independent and persistent, the qualities are not the best for obedience.
- Barking is not characteristic of this breed and they resort to it only if they want to express their feelings.
- They molt and taking care of a dog takes enough time. If you do not have one, then you should consider purchasing another breed.
- Although most get along well with other animals, some can be aggressive towards dogs. Socialization is important and should begin as early as possible.
- The Scottish Setter is not recommended for living in an apartment, although they are quite quiet.It is best to keep them in a private house and hunter.
- Despite the fact that they are stubborn, they are very sensitive to rudeness and screaming. Never yell at a dog; instead, raise it without the use of force and screaming.
Scottish Setter (Gordon) in Russia
LOPATIN-BREMSEN Alexey Sergeevich
BEDEL Valery Vladimirovich
These setters differ from the English ones in solid black with a shiny coat color and a red-red tan on the chest and legs. They have a more balanced temperament than the other two varieties of setters, and a wonderful flair. A somewhat slow, thorough search increases the fidelity of their field work. They acquired a black and tan color a very long time ago, possibly much earlier than setters with red coat color. In 1655, J. Markam wrote about these bird dogs as the most valuable, hardy and reliable in their work. A little later, portraits of King Charles II during the hunt depicted large black and tan lobed dogs with long hanging ears. This indicates that already at that time there was a group of dogs with a characteristic black and black and tan color, and they had a certain popularity among hunters. When and how such a characteristic color appeared in these dogs - there is no information, but it is possible from divers, black water spaniels or retriever. This characteristic color distinguished them from other bird dogs and contributed in the 18th century to their isolation in a separate group of setters, which were successfully used for hunting throughout England. The Duke of Norfolk in the XVIII century kept a large kennel of black and tan setters in a certain purity, later it was presented to Count Sifildsky. It is believed that it was from this population that the Duke of Gordon began to cultivate his setters.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, black and tan were widely used for hybridization with other varieties of setters. Their blood was mixed with speckled and red setters not only to enhance the strength and endurance of these varieties, but simply because of the lack of homogeneous breeding material. Therefore, by the beginning of the 19th century it was impossible to talk about any separate breed group of these setters, since it included black, black-piebald and much less often black-tan ones.
In the 1920s, the Scottish Duke Gordon developed the efforts of former dog breeders, gathering all the most interesting setters of this suit. Among them, the best black-piebald pets were distinguished by the best hunting qualities, having a calm disposition and having a more convenient color for working in dense thickets on a mountain partridge. But one day he found out that a neighboring shepherd had a Scottish shepherd dog (a type of collie), accustomed to search for partridges, lie down in front of them, and then surround them and scare the master, moreover, she had much greater instinct than his best setters, since she found a partridge where his dogs showed nothing. Having bought this black and tan bitch, he tied it with his best male, and then he started these hybrids for absorption to other dogs of his kennel. As a result, the dogs got a black and tan color, a powerful dog, a chic fluffy tail and a slightly pointed muzzle appeared. Along with this, the dogs of Gordon were famous for their intelligence, excellent instinct and were very highly appreciated by hunters. They were quick to find, had a firm staunch stance and were unusually hardy in the most difficult conditions. Following the example of Gordon with a black and tan Scottish shepherd dog, other breeders began to interfere with their setters. As a result, the appearance of the black setters has changed so much that the inexperienced eye could easily confuse them with a shepherd dog.
The further transformation of the Scottish setters is attributed to Major Douglas, who in the 40s of the XIX century began to mix the blood of the bloodhounds (deer hounds) with them - large, strong, very smooth and frisky dogs with a black and tan color, thick and dense hair. These dogs strengthened their suit even more, made their heads heavier, shortened their canine, and made the setters look heavier. Thanks to this crossbreed, by the 60s some Gordons turned into “raw”, heavy dogs with a rough head, saggy bryl and a heavy ear.
Along with these two varieties of dogs, many breeders kept the old Scottish setters clean, not having crosses with a shepherd dog and bloodhounds. However, these breeders were forced to mix the diluted blood of these mixed-breed dogs with their dogs. As a result, dogs with a black and tan color began to dominate, although they usually had a white chest and a hole in the face. At the same time, to alleviate the Gordon and the strength of the Irish setters, they were often interfered with each other and in the litters the red puppies went to improve the Irish, and the black and tan puppies went to the Scottish setters. Thus, both breeds significantly improved their exterior during the hybridization process.
At the first exhibitions in 1859 in Newcastle and Birmingham, all setters were evaluated in one group, and the Scottish setters attracted universal attention with the beauty of the color and the strength of the build. The first prizes at these exhibitions went to the setters of this variety “Dandy” and “Brugu”. At the following exhibitions, the Scottish setters, at the insistence of their owners, were assigned to a separate group, and since then the national pride of the Scottish hunters has been given the opportunity to prove themselves fully. They persistently, by selecting the same type of black and tan couples, achieved a characteristic attractive suit. The darlings of the Duke of Gordon - the black-pinto setters - were completely rejected; since 1885, even those black and tan ones who had small white marks on their chests and faces were not allowed to the exhibition ring. Moreover, dogs were also rejected without white spots, but with black stripes on red legs. The Gordons were required to have only bright red stockings. Within a short period, a certain stabilization of the breed was achieved, and frequent mixing with Irish setters made them very similar in constitution. However, the heaviness and dampness of the head remained, but they acquired ease in movement, fidelity in work, endurance in the search.
After success at the first exhibitions in England, a fashion for Gordons arose and they began to be bred intensely, mainly in Scotland. Tribal factories appeared with their kennels, and among them the most famous Chepman, B. Field, Richardson, T. Pearce, Gibbs, Sergendson and others. I must say that the Scottish breeders in pursuit of a beautiful shirt of their setters paid little attention to their constitution and field quality. Most dogs were kept in large kennels without the necessary walking in the field and even without training, but with special care for the hair, the blackness of which was brought to a blue with brilliance. However, a passion for exterior charms made dogs poor hunters who did not know what game was from generation to generation. As a result, at the beginning of field competitions, Scottish handsome men could not compete with other breeds of gundogs.
In Russia, the first black and tan setters appeared in Moscow in the 1940s by I.I. Banks and Count V.P. Zubov, but they did not have a purebred appearance and were subsequently mixed with speckled and red-piebald setters . Only in the 60s did Yu.F. Samorin bring several dogs to Moscow. The bitch Fan brought by him was then presented to S.V. Pensky. Later, Scottish setters appeared at S.V. Lepeshkin. In St. Petersburg, P.P. Prevo started several Gordons, but the best dogs were in the Caucasus - in Tiflis, at the governor of his imperial highness, Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich, a great hunting lover.
The first Gordon were so small that they had to mate with the Red Setters, and at the first Moscow and St. Petersburg shows almost all mixed-breed dogs were shown. Purebred dogs appeared a little later - with A.I. Dalts-Deyn, A.M. Peskov, N.N. Vsevolozhsky, Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich, I.I. Laskovsky and others.
The Scottish setters received the sympathy of Russian hunters for the convenience of hunting forest animals with them, but with the development of field trials and competitions, interest in them fell slightly, their number decreased significantly. If at the exhibition of 1886 30 Gordon was shown, then in 1895 - only 9. However, in the future, by the efforts of lovers of Scottish setters, among them S.V. Pensky and R.V. Zhivago, this breed gradually began to gain strength and popularity among Russian hunters. From the first exhibitions, it is kept clean and special attention is paid to the beauty of the coat. Gradually, the exhibition standard is being improved and is currently approved in its final form.
Field Features of the Scottish Setter
The main breeding centers of the Scottish setters (Gordons) in Russia were Moscow and the Moscow region. Therefore, it is advisable to start a review of field work with the breed from Moscow and describe this work in more detail here. At the same time, one cannot help but touch the breed in other cynological centers and, above all, in St. Petersburg.
Concluding the analysis of the field lines of the Scottish setters for the period from 1887 to 1937 in the book “Half a Century of Work with a Pointing Dog,” M. D. Mendeleev-Kuzmina writes: “Gordons in Leningrad have no prospects: there are no breeders, let alone field ones.” At that time, this characteristic could easily be extended to the situation with the Gordons throughout the country.
Indeed, if we briefly consider the entire history of Scottish setters in Russia, then with the exception of the wide popularity of dogs of this breed before the start of field trials and two or three short periods of brilliant outbreaks at the beginning of the 20th century, the rest of the time before World War II can be described by the now widespread term “ stagnation". The reason for this was well formulated back in the 90s of the XIX century by L.P. Sabaneev: "The reason for the degeneration of Russian Gordons should be sought not so much in the lack of good pure-blood producers, but in complete inability to select suitable males for bitches and vice versa."
Inability to lead the breed was primarily reflected in the number and field qualities of dogs. M.D. Mendeleeva notes that for the entire pre-October period of field trials in Moscow, only 30 Gordon participated in them, which is about 4 percent of the total number of dogs of all breed dogs.
The situation with the field inspection of the Gordons even after the revolution was no better. For a twenty-year period - from 1918 to 1937 - the Gordons performed on tests in the Moscow region about 60 times. Only 18 dogs were graduated. This is 5-6 times less than the corresponding indicators of the pointers and English setters.
The prewar years, however, showed some revival of field work with the Scottish setters. And although their number in the trials continued to remain extremely low, the recent blood freshening at the expense of Styles-Fen, imported from England, 5979 of the All-Hunting Union affected. The grandchildren of Styleish-Fen successfully performed at the All-Union competitions of cops in 1938 through Karo 6879 V.V. Petrova and Lyalka D.N. Lebedev. The magazine “Fighter-Hunter” wrote: “All-Union competitions of dog dogs were held on September 11–13, 1938 in the swamps two kilometers from the station. Specific Dogs from Moscow, Gorky, Yaroslavl, Sverdlovsk and Kalinin were introduced. A total of 66 dogs were recorded. In the first-sex section, 10 dogs were considered, of which one, the setter-gordon Lyalya, with 18 points for flair and a total score of 80 went to the second degree diploma, seven dogs went to the third degree diplomas. In the multi-sex section, 42 dogs are considered, of which 20 were awarded with diplomas. Five dogs went to second degree diplomas. Among these five is the Gordon Black SBI Setter. ”
In 1940, success was accompanied by the test performance of yet another granddaughter of Stylysh-Fen through Darling Boy 6458 G.G.Leongarda - Diana I / w A.A. Uspensky, who also received a second degree diploma.
The war dealt a serious blow to dog breeding. Of the two main centers of Gordon breeding in our country, one - Leningrad - was completely destroyed. Actually, only one Scottish setter remained there - Nelly N.I. Kondakova, and all work had to be started anew. In Moscow, a number of Gordon remained, and at the 1944 exhibition, 20 dogs were shown (38 in 1939).
Describing the work with hunting dogs in the difficult years of World War II, it is advisable to cite figures showing cops at exhibitions that were held in Moscow. Even in this difficult time for the country, Moscow dog hunters and hunting organizations remembered the need to preserve the breeding stock and the importance of exhibitions for the selection of this stock. These figures have not been published since 1945, but they are of very great interest (table 1).
The Moscow exhibition of 1942 is particularly impressive. German troops were at that time 120-150 km from Moscow, the time was extremely tense, alarming, but the exhibition of hunting dogs is held, and even a catalog is published for it, in which the Regulations on the exhibition are published and its purpose is announced: “Identification of the best pedigree pedigree material for preservation for future breeding work. "
The field trials of the cops were interrupted during the war for only two years - in 1941–42. However, already in 1943, on September 5-6, tests took place, on which 14 cops were shown, including two Scottish setters - Flick I.I. Pavlushin and Diana A.A. Uspensky.
Dogs at shows during WWII
The number of dogs shown
at Moscow exhibitions
The conduct of the breed of Scottish setters in the first years after the Great Patriotic War is closely connected with the name of A.A. Uspensky. A breed enthusiast, an expert on dog breeding, a person who understands the importance of field testing of dogs, he brought out a number of excellent field Gordon and showed them on field trials. The above-mentioned part Diana I / sh A.A. Uspensky, descending from Darling Boy G.G. Leongard and Vesta 13 / sh A.I. Ogurtsova (then E.I. Butenko), inbred II-III on Stylish- Fena, had four diplomas of the second degree in the field. Her daughter, part Tsyganka 79 / w A.A. Uspensky from Boy 16 / w S.S. Telegin, received second and third degree diplomas in the field. The mentioned part of Karo V.N.Yaroshenko, brother of part of Gypsy, had diplomas of the second and third degree in the tests. All of these dogs are included in the pedigrees of most modern Scottish setters. In total, after the war and until the end of the 40s, the Gordons in the Moscow Region performed field trials 45 times and received 3 diplomas of the second and 17 diplomas of the third degree, i.e., if we compare this period with the corresponding period of the 30s there is some progress.
However, this progress was short-lived and ended with the death of A.A. Uspensky. The fifties were again marked by severe stagnation and decline in field work with the Gordons. This period is also characterized by extremely serious errors in breeding work with the breed.
The first of these was to limit the breeding use of dogs imported in the second half of the 40s from abroad, as well as their descendants. Gordons were imported quite a lot - only in Moscow and the region got more than a dozen. Most of them did not have pedigree documents, but they were, without a doubt, Gordon and received high marks in the rings of exhibitions. We are talking about Negri M.V. Miroshkina, Mine M.M. Blekherov, Irme Andreev, Karo Yudin, Berte Gorshkov and others. Grad N.P.Schekin, who had a pedigree, was imported from Czechoslovakia. The pedigree use of these dogs was met with sharp opposition from the leadership of the Moscow section, which extended to their descendants, obtained in spite of the bans. And this is in a breed where dogs in the nearest four to five knees of the pedigree met up to ten times part Karo 6879 V.V. Petrova.The breed was severely inbred and needed urgent blood refreshment, and this refreshment was prohibited by the section management.
The second mistake is in the predominant breeding use of one male-producer - part Karo III 96 / sh V.V. Petrova. Strongly inbred on non-working dogs of the pre-war kennel G.F. Zimerman, this dog, possessing two second-degree diplomas in the field, did not pass on field qualities to offspring under conditions of ongoing closely related breeding. Over the course of the 1950s, about 150 puppies were obtained from him, and only 10-12 of them, and those whose mothers' blood was recently refreshed, managed to show at least some working qualities on the tests. By the end of the 50s, the number of non-working descendants of it amounted to about 80% of the total number of Gordon in Moscow and the region.
The number of Scottish setters exhibited at the Moscow exhibitions is reduced to 18–20 at this time, and only 5–6 dogs are introduced to field trials annually. A diploma of the second degree is once again becoming a rarity, the number of litters at the Scottish setters in Moscow and the region is sharply reduced.
Naturally, a decrease in the number of litters quickly led to a decrease in the total number of Scottish setters and, as a result, to a sharp decrease in the number of dogs tested in the field. Actually, for the entire decade of the fifties, the Gordons received only 39 diplomas in trials, of which 9 were second and 30 third degrees. About 4 diplomas per year - an indicator an order of magnitude smaller than that of other cops. Second-year students of this period are part Nana G.A. Uspenskaya, her sister Lada II 115 / w V.N. Matova, part Karo III V.V. Petrova, part Agat A.D. Shmarinova (part Rex 1017 / sh and Ada II 1016 / sh), Mirta 1024 / sh P.D. Galkina and Rada 1011 / sh S.S. Telegin.
And yet, the results of the activities of V.V. Petrov were not only errors. His undoubted merit is the organization of importation from abroad of the Scottish setter to refresh the blood of the livestock of Moscow Gordons. We are talking about getting a Gordon puppy from a Norwegian kennel R. Lessfeld in exchange for a puppy from Moscow producers. In the summer of 1961, such an exchange took place - Gordon Tell, descending from Big R. Lessfeld and Lita, arrived in Moscow, and a puppy from Norway from Rex 1017 / sh V.V. Petrova and Leda 1020 / sh E. went to Norway. B. Klyagina.
In the 1962 season, Tell, or as it was officially called Tell-Caro, the ShMEb entered training with the huntsman S.S. Telegin, was trained, put to field tests and received a second degree diploma, showing good field qualities, good working style and obedience.
In the same 1962, Tell-Karo IV was mated to S.S. Telegin’s Rada 1011 / sh, and in September a litter appeared - ten puppies. There are quite a lot of materials on the exterior qualities of dogs of this litter in the literature, both certainly fair and somewhat controversial, as far as the field qualities of dogs are concerned, they turned out to be undeniably high: first-graduate of the Valdar class 1056 / w P.N. Larenkova , second-year students of the part of Dzhilda 1019 / s Yu.S. Kolosova, Dorfa Norge 1052 / sh S.M. Loseva, Mirka Yu.A. Lobach, Vega E.I. Afonina and others - all these dogs are representatives of the named litter .
Tell-Karo IV 1022 / sh V.V. Petrova was shown at Moscow exhibitions, received excellent marks for the exterior, but was no longer used in the tribe, which is largely due to the divergence of views between V.V. Petrov and the new head of the section who replaced him in 1965.
The activities of the new bureau, as well as the entire staff of the Moscow section of the Scottish setters, led to a radical change in the state of affairs with the breed.
Here you need to stop at work with the breed of the oldest Moscow gordonist S.S. Telegin. Sergey Sergeevich Telegin (1901-1972), a hunter almost from childhood and almost from childhood, a dog breeder, originally from the Kimry district of the Tver province, actively began hunting with Gordon in the twenties, and by the end of the thirties he already had a cool Gordon - Fight 16 / sh. He turned out to be an excellent producer and gave a large number of outstanding descendants. C. Karo 80 / h V.N. Yaroshenko, Fight 81 / sh S.S. Telegin, ch.Gypsy 79 / sh A.A.Uspensky, Aza 95 / sh A.V. Egorova, Irma B.I. Selivanova - this is only a part of his children included in the pedigrees of modern dogs. Having accumulated extensive experience in breeding work with Gordon, S.S. Telegin in the early 50s began to develop his own line of field dogs. Close inbreeding to Boy 16 / h and Diana I / sh A.A. Uspensky through their sons Boy II 81 / sh and h. Karo 80 / sh with pouring unrelated blood through imported Negri M.V. Miroshkina, S.S. .Telegin brought out the wonderful field worker of the part of Radu 1011 / sh, who received diplomas of the first and second degree in field trials and competitions in the late 50s and early 60s. The champion of the Rada, steadily transmitting high field qualities to her children, became the founder of a large family of field dogs, widely distributed throughout the country.
But S.S. Telegin was not only a proud breeder. Mentioning about it, one cannot but touch upon such a vivid phenomenon in working with cops in the Moscow Society of Hunters as the organization in 1961 of the so-called school of cops. Organized in the lands of the Belomutsk hunting farm in the village of Kodanok, it was intended for the training of dogs by rangers and for independent training of dogs by owners. The soul and main organizer of the nataski school was S.S. Thegin. Heading the school ranger service, he himself trained dogs and supervised the work of rangers known in the MOOiR - Yu.S. Kolosov and Yu.E. Sarychev. From 1961 to 1972, the team of gamekeepers successfully trained and put out for field trials more than 200 Pointing Dogs (including 43 Scottish setters) belonging to the members of the Ministry of Education and Science. Hunters who do not have the time or experience to independently train their dogs received tangible help in the person of professional rangers. And as an extremely expressive fact that characterizes the rise of the Scottish setters from the beginning of the 60s, it should be noted that all the jailers of the school are nataski - and S.S. Te¬¬legin, and Yu.S. Kolosov, and Yu.E. Sarychev , and V.P. Danilin, who came to school later, all kept Scottish setters and were breeders of this breed. Ch. Rada 1011 / sh S.S. Telegin, ch. Dzhilda 1019 / sh Yu.S. Kolosova, Gypsy-Din 1050 / sh Yu.E. Sarycheva, Fight 1154 / sh V.P. Danilina - the best field dogs 60 years, repeatedly participated in trials and competitions of cops.
It was to the beginning of the 60s that the first successes of the Scottish setters in the Moscow regional interbreed competitions of cops were related. Scottish setters were practically not exhibited at these competitions held annually at the MOOiR until 1961.
If during the entire post-war period, until 1960 inclusive, the Scottish setters competed only five times, receiving three diplomas of the third degree, then, starting in 1961 and to the present, the team of Scottish setters is a regular participant in the competition. The number of Gordon annually put up for these competitions is from 4 to 11 numbers, and the Gordon performances were especially striking in 1964 and 1966, when their team took first place in the competition, in 1978 and 1979 - second place and in 1983, when the Scottish Setter Ruslan 1265 / w B.K.Zazulina became the champion of competitions, having received a diploma of the first degree and captivating the audience with a brilliant style of work. In total, from 1961 to 1987, Scottish setters performed at the regional competitions 138 times, having received three first diplomas, 20 second diplomas and 46 third-degree diplomas. The first-year students of the competition are: part of S. S. Telegin's Rada - in 1965, Dinga 1005 / sh D.I.Buidina - in 1966 and the aforementioned part Ruslan B.K.Zazulin - in 1983.
However, the success of the Scottish setters in competitions was the result of not only a general increase in their field qualities. In the mid-60s, a serious restructuring of work with the breed began. A promising pedigree breed management plan was developed, which put an end to unsystematic breeding of dogs, suppressed inbreeding on the Karo III part of V.V. Petrov, streamlined the pedigree use of the descendants of the part of Tell-Karo IV. Having identified dogs without blood of Part Caro III, the breed enthusiasts achieved the predominant use of them in the tribe, along with the widespread use of outstanding field descendants of Part Rada 1011 / sh, and the results were very fast - the curve of the number of field performances of the dogs went up sharply. At the same time, the number of diplomas of higher degrees in dogs began to increase.
Over the decade of the 60s, Scottish setters participated in field performances in the Moscow Region 242 times, with 183 Gordon performances ending with diplomas. Four first-degree diplomas were received (three times by Waldar 1056 / sh P.N. Larenkova and once by Yarik 1059 / sh S.S. Telegin), second-degree diplomas - 76, third-degree diplomas - 103. The number and quality of speeches per tests of the Scottish setters, we can conclude that they came close to the cops of other breeds.
By the end of the 60s the appearance in Moscow of another import Gordon from abroad. Blanca f. Brought by A.V.Kamernitsky from Czechoslovakia Khnojits 1068 / sh, as it was officially called, was inferior to Tell-Karo IV both on the exterior and field qualities. The manner of holding his head low, a short neck, some poorness are its main disadvantages. Trained by S.S. Telegin, she received one diploma of the second and third degree. Her breeding use of the breed did not give special advantages, although among its descendants there were also quite good field dogs. However, they owed this to their fathers rather.
Especially significant successes lovers of the Scottish setters achieved in the next decade, when the Gordon already began to quantitatively and qualitatively compete on an equal footing with dogs of other breeds of gundogs. On tests organized in the Moscow region by various societies (MOOiR, VOO, Dynamo, Lokomotiv), from 1970 to 1979, 440 Scottish setters were shown, 270 of which were certified. The first degree diplomas were received 8, the second degree - 116, the third degree - 146. The best dogs of this period were first-year students of the part Yarvik 1002 / sh I.M. Medvedeva, Palma 1095 / sh Yu.E. Sarycheva, Chris 1109 / sh A .M. Goryacheva, Rogday 1133 / sh A.V. Kamernitsky, Jerry 1077 / sh O.A. Kurpukhina, Chara 1214 / sh N.V. Pakhomova, Valdar II 1209 / sh P.N. Larenkova and others.
In connection with the foregoing, it seems interesting to compare the results of performances of the Scottish setters at that time with the performances of dog dogs of other breeds in field trials in the MOOiR for a sufficiently long period. Table 2 shows information on the performances of dog dogs in field trials organized by the Moscow Society of Hunters and Fishers in the village of Kadanok for the decade from 1968 to 1977. It is this period, and not some other, that has been chosen for the reason that accurate information has been preserved on it. The table does not include speeches of dog dogs in trials organized by other hunter societies - SBI, Dynamo, etc., as well as the results of regional inter-breed competitions. The data presented are probably very interesting for history and give a clear picture of field work with dog dogs in the Moscow Society of Hunters and Fishers.
The Scottish setter or Gordon setter - hunter, companion, finally - just handsome!
Gordon Setter, or else Scottish Setter - a great dog. Like all setters, this breed belongs to the group cops and specially bred for bird hunting.
Cynologists believe that it is the setters (and the Gordon too) who stand out from all the dogs with their smartness, intuition, intuition and many useful skills that allow them to work in different conditions and for different game. However, the Scot is not only the ideal partner of a man on the hunt, but also a great companion in everyday life.
The Scottish setters are very calm and obedient, so they can adapt to the conditions of a city apartment, but they will not be very comfortable there. They need active movements, long walks, outdoor games, bathing, meadows, forests and a free wind of freedom, which flutters the ears and magnificent, shiny black and tan wool of this large, proud handsome man and attracts to new adventures.
In 2013, I was fortunate enough to make for you an excellent material inspired by love about the English setter (English setter - mission and history) And Igor Andreevich Filippov, an experienced hunter with 60 years of experience, a great connoisseur of setters, former head of the breed of English setters and chairman of the tribal commission of the section of English setters of the Club of Blood Hunting Dog Breeding at the Leningrad Society of Hunters and Fishers (LOOiR) helped me in this.
Today we again turned to Igor Andreyevich for photos and advice. If you are seriously interested in hunting breeds and really want to buy a setter, we recommend that you read our articles on hunting dogs on zooprice.ru and pay attention to Igor Filippov’s books on nature and dog dogs on the site libs.ru.
I.A. Filippov shared with us his vision of the history of the breed and the knowledge that he acquired not from books, but communicating directly with the Scottish setters - on the hunt
History of the Scottish Setter
Ekaterina Ryabova with her beloved Argus on the hunt
The Scottish setter bears such a name only in Russia. In England, since the creation of the Kennel Club (end of the 19th century), the breed was called a black and tan setter, and since 1924 - the Gordon setter. If you understand, then our name is more correct than others, because the origin of these dogs is mostly Scottish. Black and tan setters formed the basis of the Duke Gordon's nursery, to which the blood of Spanish marriages and brown water spaniels poured.
As a result, tricolor, and even black and white dogs appeared, which were bred in several kennels in Scotland. By the middle of the 19th century, the black and tan setter had won prizes at exhibitions and field traces.
At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Scottish breeders exported their dogs to the USA, Norway, France, Australia, Austria, and Russia.
A very interesting example is with Norway, where the Scottish setters were in the late 19th century and quickly gained popularity. And very close in Sweden and Denmark - they mostly bred pointers. Since then, the breed of Scottish setters in Norway has grown quantitatively to more than 2000 individuals (2252 in 2005, 972 puppies in 2004!), But for a long time it was conducted in the pure field trail direction.
Interestingly, show dogs were never bred in Norway (if only for us). Dogs from the UK, USA, Germany, Italy, Canada, France and the USSR were rushed to the Norwegian Scottish setters, but only from working dogs. At the same time, the primary goal of breeding in modern Norway is to obtain working dogs with the best exterior. In this, our dog experts are completely unanimous with them.
In Russia, the breeding of Scottish setters was started by a certain Pensky, who brought out a dog from England from Gibb's kennel and a female from France, with whom he began to work. Of the descendants of this pair, the Levacheva ROC is known, who won the 2nd prize at the Moscow competitions of 1895 with a diploma of 1 degree.
The center of the Russian breeding of Scottish setters was Moscow.
By the 70s, Scottish setters of Moscow blood had spread throughout the country. Nests of field (working) dogs were formed in Ukraine, Georgia, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, etc.
In the 70-80s of the 20th century, I remember the brilliant BATTLE of V.A. Pimenov.
At present, thanks to the efforts of V.Yu. Nikitina, P.P. Roytberg, S.Yu. Grossman, V.S. Sadovsky, A.V. Sevostyanova, E. and V. Ryabovs, the class of Scottish setters has grown significantly.
The bulk of the St. Petersburg Scottish setters are concentrated in the LOOiR and LenVOO (Leningrad Military Hunting Society).
“Happy” or “beautiful”, “hunter” or “companion”?
Astrid and Argus Ingria Fields, owner Ryabova E.V.
We will not hide: the Setter Gordon breed is complex and will require a considerable return of spiritual strength, love and free time from the owner. However, in order to dispel all doubts and positively set up the reader, we will give a few reviews and comments of different people that we found on online forums and social networks.
Here's how they talk about Scottish setters in all corners of Russia:
“A beautiful dog!”, “I hate hunting, but I’ve been dreaming of such a dog all my life, the breed is beautiful”, “This is a great breed for a hunting lover with a dog. But, dreaming of hunting happiness, you should learn well - and here, like everyone else: half of the success is the breed, half is the owner! ”,“ I love this dog! When we move with our parents, we’ll get one like that, ”“ A wonderful dog. I don’t want to have any others after mine. ”
Gordon is the most powerful of all setters, with a heavy skeleton and well-developed muscles. Despite this, the Scot is slim and graceful. He is extremely hardy and capable of doing real miracles on the hunt, like the English setter, he has an amazing flair, but is somewhat different from him in his stance and gait. It can hunt in forests and meadows, gladly delivers game from the water, is not afraid of marshland, thickets and windbreaks, therefore it is very popular among Russian hunting lovers.
Gordon Setter is very attached to a person. Even if you have your own house, a spacious plot and unlimited possibilities for buildings, Scottish setters are absolutely not suitable for booths and aviaries! Without a man, this dog will begin to wither and wither. As one of the Western setter breeders said: “For Gordon, man is God. But this image will have to match! ”
So who is the Scottish setter - a hunter or a companion? He is a hunter, and a companion, and an athlete, and an unsurpassed star of dog shows.
And now we will give you a short story taken from the site of the club of setter lovers “Poroda”. You will now hear an amazing story about a setter-rescuer. She is so beautiful and emotional, therefore we bring her almost without corrections and abbreviations:
“A great example of devotion, extraordinary abilities and obedience is the Scottish setter Lessie A.YU. Krivolutsky, a long-time member of our club. In the Krivolutsky family, two children were growing up - Ksyusha and Andryusha. Their mother decided that a dog should help her in raising children, and, after reading the dog books, comparing the characteristics of different breeds, she settled on the Gordon setter. She did not have to regret her choice. The dog was named Lassie, as if anticipating her fate.
Lassie grew up - kindness and harmlessness itself. To the children and the owners of any anger and aggression, even barking was not heard.
Many dogs are taught canine “wisdom” with age, setters are supposed to be trained in fields and meadows, where they then prove their abilities and skills by testing, getting a field diploma.
Lessi's owner, Alexander Krivolutsky, worked in the search and rescue squad of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES). And it so happened that Lassie and three more dogs decided to try to train as rescue dogs. The dog service of the Ministry of Emergencies was not there at that time. They began to train the first dogs on a voluntary basis, their work was focused on training dogs to find living people.
Astrid Ingria Fields, owner Ryabova E.V.
Already in the process of training, it turned out that one of the dogs had a worse sense of smell, someone was too active, the other was slow, but after three months of hard training everyone passed the exam, and Lessie passed it "excellent".
Angry dogs are not good for people. They should not be distracted, although the instinct tells the dog where the food is under the rubble (concrete slab or snow): it smells of meat cooked in a pan, and there is a bag full of food. You can not be afraid of the noise of bulldozers and the roar of jackhammers. Search dogs should be able to crawl into pipes and crevices, walk along beams and sloping panels ready to collapse, spend hours walking on sharp pieces of brick, glass, without touching the protruding pipes and fittings.
Lassie learned a lot during training. One more valuable quality was discovered: it was not rocked by any mode of transport. Lassie learned to parachute. The only thing Lassie suffered from was working in the freezing cold.
Fame and respect for Lassie and her four-legged brothers came in Neftegorsk when she turned one year and four days. Alexander Krivolutsky decided to test the capabilities of Lassie in the aftermath of the earthquake, terrible in terms of the scale of human casualties. And not in vain, it was Lassie who saved the five buried alive when the last hours of their life had already expired. Her phenomenal instinct helped her discover the last survivor by a miracle. They walked the fifth day after the catastrophe and dug up only the dead, but once again, bypassing the ruins, Lassie first barked over the randomly heaped up and still not sorted debris. With incredible precautions, a boy was pulled out from under the pile of what was concrete and brick.
It was at this moment that the representatives of the state commission saw Lassie's work, and this decided the question of creating a search-cynological squad, and from that day on, Lassie was considered the founder of the new unit of the Ministry of Emergencies. Lassie then saved more than one life, she worked on rescue operations after the terrorist attacks in Moscow. Now Lassie is on a well-deserved retirement, Alexander Krivolutsky left himself the best puppy Lassie (from Candy-Cartier) and named him Montmorency Swift, this dog successfully continues his mother’s work. ”
What is this case talking about? On the one hand, this story reveals the essence of the Scottish setter, his multifaceted talents, manifested in a completely unexpected way: in search and rescue operations. They say about capable people that a talented person is talented in everything. On the other hand, a hunting dog is made for hunting! And does the owner need to change its purpose, drowning in the brave heart of a four-legged friend the most important voice - the voice of ancestors?
To solve this difficult dilemma for ourselves and, finally, to decide on the breed choice, we again give the floor to Igor Andreyevich to explain to readers what the Gordon Setter really is - not in the picture, not in the movie, not at the exhibition, but in the house where they love him.
- All island dog pointers are distinguished by their appearance, ancestors, their history, as well as their working properties, which will not be difficult for a hunter to understand. However, they are very similar, as they were bred for one wonderful action - bird hunting.
- But if a person is attracted to something by the beauty of the Scottish setter, his peaceful nature, intelligence and other properties, should he be a hunter?
- The fact of the matter is that no one owes anything to anyone. If a dog has never seen green forests, spacious plains, swamps and fields, does not know what game is and how to delightfully search for this valuable prey, using its magnificent instinct, it will behave completely calm for some time. But I have a big question for such people: shouldn't they choose a different breed, easier to work, more “urban”, or what? Suddenly, once, on a walk, suddenly sensing a snipe or woodcock, his hunting passion awakens in a pet? Not receiving then the desired and never knowing the joy of its destiny, the dog will be nervous, sad, experiencing constant stress and may even get sick!
All puppies at the beginning of their lives do not understand why they were born and what their dog vocation is. Hunting instincts wake up in them gradually, or even doze, but they will wake up on the day and day when you did not expect this at all ...
- Just yesterday, in one of the social networks, I saw an ad in which it was proposed to pick up the girl, the Gordon setter “in good hands”. Responsible owners did not throw her into the street, did not hand her over to the shelter, did not fuse random passers-by. A young female of extraordinary beauty is looking at me from the photo, and the text says that she is purebred, vaccinated, with documents ... How can I refuse such a wonderful friend, a living being, and is her sad fate connected with what you just told?
- Quite possible! In the life of every dog, a critical moment comes when she is unable to resist her instincts, laid down by nature itself ... And not only by nature, but also by the work of breeders who spent many years (and sometimes centuries) to bring out an ideal animal in work. We accuse the Caucasian Shepherd Dog of unexpected aggression when the beloved pet “for no reason” bit the child. But you had to blame yourself, and not now, but a couple of years ago, when you acquired a completely inappropriate animal.
All cops have a real passion for hunting. I’ll tell you about my dog. True, he is an English setter, but in terms of behavior, intelligence and love for the owners, these dog breeds are very similar. Imagine: we are going to meadows.
We pass a small town, and I have to stop for various things - to go shopping, send, say, mail, talk with someone I know - you never know what small household questions people have. The dog patiently sits in the car and waits. She is not visible, not audible, but as soon as we approach the meadows, she begins to “sing” loudly - whimpering, howling. No, my dog is not capricious, he is well brought up. But impatient notes are clearly heard in his voice, he says to me: “Well, soon, soon, when we arrive, my heart will not stand now, I want to hunt!”
We hunt in a day, sometimes in two. And in these forced breaks, when we don’t go into the meadows, my setter walks behind me, as if lost, looks into my eyes, and such a longing in my eyes! Answer yourself, only honestly, are you ready to see this longing every day?
- Your whole story about dogs is imbued with sincere love, it feels like you hunt not for your own sake, but for the pleasure of your dog, to make her life filled with some special meaning and positive emotions ...
- To some extent, it is. I have been hunting for many years, I like to go out into the nature and admire its beauty, but the main goal of the hunter-legkeeper is to really bring joy to my dog!
- The proverb says: "Do not be born beautiful, but be born happy." Someone is attracted to exhibitions where you can demonstrate in all its splendor the exterior of a pet, a beloved companion dog. And someone spit on all these shows and wants for the dog only one thing: happiness! But there are people who want to combine in their pet and beauty, and valuable hunting qualities. What should they do?
- As I said in the section on the history of the breed, in many countries of Europe there were hunting dogs kennels, where they were clearly divided into two categories - exhibition kennels and hunting kennels. Most of the dogs came to Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and it was we who did not support such a tradition, and we began from the tsarist times meticulously working with the source material in order to derive the setter ideal - a beautiful and talented dog at the same time! It will be very good if this good tradition continues in our descendants.
- Igor Andreevich, you and I have already talked about humane, nature-friendly, proper hunting. How can a person unfamiliar with the world of hunter-legatics say about himself: yes, I am a hunter, or vice versa - no, this does not suit me? Indeed, in order to choose a setter, you need to clearly understand which setter you want - English, Gordon or Irish, male or female, hunting or exhibition.
- Now you asked me a very difficult and very good, necessary question. The hunting culture in the modern world, alas, is disappearing. I am bitter and painful to speak, but many now do not hunt with the dogs the same capercaillie - they just literally shoot birds, leaning out of the car window! Such a “hunter” is not a hunter, but a barbarian, poacher, flayer.
In dog breeding (including hunting dog breeding), a generational change is necessary, an increase in the number of enthusiasts who will pick up the banner of their fathers and grandfathers. But after all someone’s grandfathers didn’t even hear about hunting with cops. And some people are panicky afraid of the word “hunting”, it seems to them that they will constantly need to shoot and kill someone there. To dispel these myths and tell the world, and especially young generations, about hunting traditions, to show them hunting in all their glory and give them the opportunity to choose, theoretical and practical training is needed.
Let's do everything in our power and do this: we will meet again and again to tell readers how the proper hunt should be conducted, and then just invite them to test the dogs and let them see everything with their own eyes and draw their conclusions .
And now we will part with IA Filippov briefly, looking forward to his next stories, and finally explain to readers who are interested in the breed, what kind of care they will have for the Scottish setter. It is no secret that all future dog breeders are concerned about the everyday, practical side of the question: is it easy to look after the coat of the proposed pet, will the keeping of such a dog be complicated, burdensome and completely incomprehensible to a novice breeder?
Wool and claws
Argus Ingria Fields, owner Ryabova E.V.
Setter Gordon, as we have said, is a very active and agile dog. Even if you are not going to engage in hunting, you have to keep it in “good shape”, namely: monitor the condition of the coat, ears and cleanliness of the four-legged friend, because it is the observance of basic hygiene measures that will guarantee the long and happy life of a healthy pet.
Working dogs and show dogs are completely different dogs. But dreams of an ideal have always moved humanity, leading it to discoveries and achievements. Therefore, remember: even having a setter just for the soul or for giving, you must make sure that the dog looks neat and shines with health and beauty. The main decoration of any setter is great wool! Undoubtedly, choosing this breed, the future owner will not least think about the aesthetic side: these bright, expressive, brilliant animals are painfully beautiful. The first delights can eventually be replaced by lazy indulgence of the owners, and the dog will not be watched so carefully. However, you are a caring and loving owner. You don’t want the warlocks, crooked clipped sides, or even a shaving machine?
But the setter has a completely different opinion about this, daily bringing “presents” to the wool in the form of burdocks, branches and various plant seeds. Therefore, remember one simple rule: after each walk, inspect the dog and comb out all that is unnecessary from its coat. A special comb with rare teeth is perfect for pulling out debris. If the weather is bad, the setter's paws must be washed.
For dogs participating in exhibitions, exhibition grooming is required. Raising a puppy, teaching him commands, do not miss such an essential moment as going to the hairdresser. The dog should be calm, stress-resistant, familiar to washing, combing, drying, grooming, and other manipulations.
With working Scottish setters, the situation is somewhat different. If a dog goes to the forest and is used in hunting, it is necessary to make sure that she is comfortable in any conditions, even in the most unpredictable situations. Especially a lot of debris clings to the ears and neck of the Gordon, where the wool is very soft and difficult to comb out from it the seeds of plants. Therefore, before going to the field, the hair on the neck, ears and especially behind the ears can be cut short.
If you do this in advance (2 weeks before the hunting season), then you can use the machine, then the wool will grow evenly and accurately. But just before going to the field or forest, it is better not to expose the skin, otherwise it can be injured by grass and shrubs and will be more exposed to insect bites. In this case, it is better to use thinning scissors and cut the hair, leaving about 1 cm.
In addition, you need to regularly trim the hair between the fingers between the fingers, especially if you live in a city where fuel, gasoline and other harmful dirt stick on your feet during walks.
Overgrown paws are very difficult to wash from this muck, and the residual fuel oil and gasoline are very harmful to the skin and can cause severe irritation. Make sure that the hair under the tail and around the anus is short cut, this will allow you to less often wash the dog if necessary. For males, it is important to shorten the coat so that it gets less dirty during urination.
As a rule, you should take a regular nail clipping. They grow very quickly, and practically do not grind themselves under any conditions. The paw of the gordon should be well-assembled, and with long claws it will spread, the dog quickly gets tired and often injures the paws when walking.
The Scottish setter should be washed at least 1 time per month, but not too often. However, if after a hunt or a particularly interesting and eventful walk, the dog gets completely dirty, it’s better not to limit yourself to combing and washing your paws, but to wash your pet completely. In the cold season, make sure that after washing the dog does not cool and does not catch a cold, so teach your puppy to blow dry at home.
For a good owner, in no case is it unacceptable that fleas, ticks or other insects wound up in his pet's chic hair. Therefore, treatment from ecto- and endoparasites to setters is carried out in advance, before the hunting season and after it. The peculiar “schedule” of preventive treatments depends on the drug you are using: they all have a different validity period, after which the pet needs to be processed again. When taking prophylactic drugs for endoparasites (living in the gastrointestinal tract), make sure that the microflora of the digestive tract of the dog is not disturbed, using the appropriate drugs after the prophylaxis.
The condition of the ears should concern the owners of all long-eared dogs, including setters. In order to avoid problems, the ears of Gordon must be constantly inspected and cleaned. Accumulations of earwax, dirt, ear mites - all this contributes to the occurrence of otitis media, very painful for dogs. Signs of otitis media: the dog is sluggish or restless, constantly trying to scratch his ear, tilts his head, experiences pain and discomfort. With such symptoms, you should immediately consult a veterinarian.
The Scottish setter is called Gordon in honor of Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon, who was a great connoisseur of this breed and created the largest nursery in his castle.
Setters are believed to have descended from spaniels, one of the oldest subgroups of hunting dogs. Spaniels were extremely common in Western Europe during the Renaissance.
There were many different types, each specializing in a specific hunt and it is believed that they were divided into water spaniels (for hunting in wetlands) and field spaniels, those that hunted only on land. One of them became known as the setting spaniel, due to the unique hunting method.
Most spaniels hunt by lifting a bird into the air, which is why the hunter has to beat its flight. The setting spaniel found prey, sneaked up and stood in the rack.
At some point, demand for large setting spaniels began to grow and breeders began to select tall dogs. Probably in the future it was crossed with other hunting breeds, which led to an increase in size.
No one knows exactly what kind of dogs they were, but it is believed that the Spanish pointer. Dogs began to differ significantly from classic spaniels and they began to call them simply - a setter.
Gradually, setters spread throughout the British Isles. At this time, it was not a breed, but a type of dog, and they were distinguished by an extreme variety of colors and sizes.
Gradually, breeders and hunters decided to standardize the breeds. One of the most influential breeders was Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon (1743-1827).
A lover of hunting, he became one of the last representatives of the British nobility, who was engaged in falconry. An enthusiastic breeder, he kept two nurseries: in one he raised Scottish dirhounds, and in the other Scottish setters.
Since he preferred black and tan dogs, he focused on breeding such a registered color. There is a theory that this color first appeared as a result of crossing a setter and a bloodhound.
Gordon not only standardized this color, but also managed to deduce white color from it. Alexander Gordon not only created, but also popularized the breed, for which it was named in his honor - Gordon Castle Setter.
Over time, the word Castle disappeared in English, and the dogs became known as the Gordon Setter. Since 1820, the Scottish setters have remained virtually unchanged.
He wanted to create the perfect dog for hunting in Scotland and succeeded. The Scottish Setter is able to work in the large, open spaces that prevail in the region. He is able to detect any native bird.
He is able to work in water, but is better at land. At one time it was the most popular hunting breed in the British Isles. However, as new breeds arrived from Europe, the fashion for it passed, as they were inferior to faster dogs.
Especially they were inferior in speed to the English pointers. The Scottish setters remained popular with those hunters who did not compete with others, but simply enjoyed hanging out.
Traditionally, they are popular in their homeland and in Northern England, the places in which they show their best during hunting.
The first Gordon Setter came to America in 1842 and was imported from Alexander Gordon's nursery. He became one of the first breeds to be recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and it happened in 1884.
In 1924, the Gordon Setter Club of America (GSCA) was created, the purpose of which was to popularize the breed.
In 1949, the breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC). In the USA, the Scottish setter remains a working breed to a much greater extent than the English setter or the Irish setter, but it also remains much less popular. The nature of this breed is still hunting and they do not adapt well to life as a companion dog.
Unlike other setters, breeders were able to avoid creating two lines when some dogs appeared on the show while others remained working. Most Scottish setters can and do great work in the field and participate in dog shows.
Unfortunately, these dogs are not particularly popular. So, in the USA they occupy 98th place in popularity, among 167 breeds. Although there are no accurate statistics, it seems that most dogs remain working and belong to hunted people.
Scottish setters are considered a healthy breed and suffer from a small number of diseases. They live from 10 to 12 years, which is quite a lot for such large dogs.
The most serious disease is progressive retinal atrophy, leading to loss of vision and blindness.
This is a hereditary disease and for its appearance both parents must be carriers of the gene. Some dogs suffer from this disease at a respectable age.
Recent studies have shown that about 50% of Scottish setters are carriers of this gene.