- Other names: Dutch Shepherd, Hollandse Herdershond, herderhunder, Danish or local shepherd, Dutch herder, Dutch,
- Height: 60 - 63 cm
- Weight: up to 35 kg
- Color: gray, brown, golden tiger, black with gray hair, pepper and salt, all species have a black mask around their eyes,
- Wool: distinguish three species - coarse-haired, short-haired and long-haired representatives of the breed,
- Life span: under 14 years old
- Advantages of the breed: Dogs have incredible strength and endurance, as well as calmness and poise. They are distinguished by the almost complete absence of diseases and a strong immune system.
- Difficulties: Unpresentable appearance. The owner has a long time to gain the trust of deeply vulnerable and touchy pets. Dogs are not nannies for young children, but they are friends with teens firmly and for real.
- Price: $150 – $350.
So little is known about the Dutch Shepherd breed outside the Netherlands that sometimes it is mistaken for the "pedigree" dvorterrier or the ferocious wolfhound mixed with several breeds.
A direct descendant of the Belgian Shepherd, herderhunder - the official name of the Dutchman, assigned to him since 1860, was bred for a specific and fairly noble purpose. In cattle breeding, the shepherd and protective qualities of dogs, with which the herder is endowed with the highest degree, were appreciated and will have the highest significance.
The breed appeared in the mid-19th century as a result of crossing a Belgian Malinois with an ordinary local variety of shepherd dogs. That the breed will incorporate all the positive qualities of both breeds, including good naturedness local shepherd, not expected by any of the participants in the process.
There is no refinement and charm on the exterior of the breed, as the plant was ruled by those who were more interested in the working qualities of dogs. So, in 1878, at the Amsterdam dog show of all breeds, the city shepherd was first introduced, and after 20 years a pedigree club was organized, functioning until now.
The purpose of the breed
The working qualities are inherited by the heads. Dogs of this breed have never been bred for commercial purposes, so the exterior of the city shepherd is somewhat rustic, but they are without a doubt considered the best shepherds among their own breeds.
More Dander Herders incredibly intelligent, fast and high quality learn dog science. Dogs make excellent guards and rescuers, shepherds and guide dogs, athletes and companions. Dogs of this breed can be kept by large families and elderly people, since it is common for Dutch women to instantly adapt to the owner's rhythm of life.
Herderhunder is considered a great success of the Dutch breeders. A dog with a moderate active temperament has calm and balanced character, showing a moderate degree of aggression only to a suspicious object. For no reason, the dog will never give a voice and will not attack first even with an unauthorized intrusion of uninvited guests.
Once in a new home, the Dutch woman gets used to a person for a long time. But as soon as the dog takes the owner for the leader of the pack, he becomes the most devoted creature. Dogs hardly tolerate loneliness, since the herders have a very developed sense of herd. Once in a house with a large farm, where there is a bird and artiodactyls, dogs get used less painfully.
Even the Dutch shepherd knows how to be friends and loves not for something, but because. A high level of friendliness applies to all inhabitants of the house, only small children bypasses the dogexpressing complete indifference. But this is only until the child grows up and begins to take part in games with the dog.
External unpresentability fully offset rich inner world, friendliness and devotion Dutch Shepherd breed, the price of which has been quite low for a long time. But behind the luxurious exterior, the working qualities of the breed are often lost, which, fortunately, has not happened over the past fifteen hundred years with the herder.
Video review of the breed
The full version of the video program The Planet of Dogs of the television company My Planet, dedicated to the Dutch Shepherd. The most popular version of the origin of the breed. A story about the lifestyle of herders. The topic of the first canine migrants to the post-Soviet space is also touched. Some points of dog training are shown, which are worth paying attention to the owners of Dutch shepherds:
Five to ten puppies are born in a litter. Since the breed is considered genetically healthy and strong, all puppies are very active. Uncommunicative by nature, they are wary of strangers. When choosing a puppy, attention should be paid to the absence of signs of helminthiasis. A swollen belly in a baby of this breed speaks more about worms than about rickets.
Breeders recommend taking the baby to a new home as soon as possible - immediately after the first vaccination — Vaccinations for dogs by age: table—, 7-8 weeks of age. Dogs get used to new people for a long time, and it is necessary to gain trust in the puppy so that he recognizes the owner of the owner.
You should also get full consultation on the cultivation of a young herder:
- What methods to use to teach him to go to the diaper in the tray for the first time — How to teach a puppy to go to the diaper — until the quarantine period ends.
- When to revaccinate.
- How, how and how many times a day to feed a herder puppy.
The main aspect in the process of raising a puppy is considered to be the choice of tactics of behavior with a dog, because they have a difficult character, even in puppyhood.
Nicknames and names
At birth, each puppy receives an official nickname according to the letter of the pedigree book of the kennel. The owner names the puppy's home name, which is often radically different from the official nickname,
Sometimes the name matches the color of the pet. In rare cases, the breeder guesses, and the official nickname of the puppy remains the current name unchanged.
Care and maintenance
For a unpretentious and undemanding Danish shepherd, a private house or a country residence is considered ideal living conditions. The dog needs room, and the presence of living creatures will instinctively simplify the period of getting used to new living conditions.
In a city apartment, the herder needs long walks. Therefore, seasonal treatments for fleas and ticks, whatever the conditions of the dog, become vital, because the bite of an infected blood-sucking parasite can cause not only allergic skin dermatitis.
Danish Shepherd Dog - Grumer sorrow. They are not sheared and practically do not bathe, because Dog cosmetics are contraindicated for herders. Rats soiled during a walk are rinsed with plain water and wiped dry. Combed once every two weeks. Long-haired individuals - once every seven to ten days. The Wire Sheepdog is trimmed twice a year.
The dogs' dental system is strong, as the guards should, and the eyes are not reactionary. Ears are cleaned once a week, if necessary. Claws are sheared as they grow, unless the dog grinds them for a walk.
Health and Heredity
The breed is distinguished by excellent health and a strong immune system. Dutch shepherd dogs no manifestations of pathologies are observed, or breed tendencies to this or that disease. In general, this hardy, practically healthy dognot needing frequent visits to the vet. But with general malaise, the first thing to do is to measure the temperature of the dog, and then seek qualified advice from a specialist.
Danish Shepherds are considered the most picky about food dogs. Even a Dutch shepherd puppy is able to eat any food that is fed. The breeders in the herder diet prefer Royal Canin ready-made feeds, since the developed formula of the diet fully complies with the vital indicators of dogs of this breed and contains a complete vitamin-mineral complex of balanced nutrition.
In puppyhood, the herder is a big swallow, so you need to control:
- quantitative consumption of food by puppies,
- feed strictly three hours a day,
- do not exceed or underestimate the amount of feed,
- increase the diet only in connection with the growth of the puppy.
A balanced diet and adequate exercise during walks help in the formation of a young body. Ready meals provide the necessary energy for adult dogs. Medical feeds and nutrition provide an opportunity for older dogs to remain healthy for a long time and lead an active lifestyle.
Parenting and training
The security and guard qualities of the herder shepherd do not allow the dog to move away from the owner. The dog should always keep the owner in sight. Dutch Shepherd Dogs - extremely intelligent creatures. It is enough to show once how to recover on a walk, and the next time the dog will endure until it is withdrawn. A person should not abuse these qualities of dogs. Sensitivity is a recognized trait of Herder..
In training strongly discouraged apply harsh or harsh forms of learning. It is advisable to turn every walk into training that resembles playing with a dog. Naturally endowed with the ability to read the mood of the owner, the dog knows every step forward, wanting to please the owner in everything.
Advantages and disadvantages
Danish shepherd dogs are characterized by impeccable obedience. it loyal and affectionate dogs with a pronounced lively temperament. Their rationality cannot be underestimated. And at the same time, dog herders are flocking. They have a clear view of the hierarchical ladder, and they need a leader. In the opposite case, the dog takes the leading position on its own.
He took a herder puppy to guard the site. He called Typhoon, not mistaken. It turned out to be an excellent guard - he doesn’t let anyone into the house. Now everyone calls him the Flying Dutchman.
This breed was created for people with an active lifestyle. The Dutch women are pleasant in communication, comfortable with them on vacation, but rarely anyone surpasses them in work. This is the embodiment of two creatures - a playful affectionate puppy and a serious shepherd. The learning process is absolutely not complicated, easy and fast, when compared with other representatives of the shepherd dogs.
The most wonderful dog in the world. Loyal, loyal and immensely friendly. If necessary, ferocious and frightening. Very formidable. But the shepherd, on walks, collects all those present in a heap, like sheep.
Origin. Breed history
The Dutch Shepherd is a relationally young breed, she is only a little over two hundred years old. Herders were bred by mixing the genetic codes of Malinois and surrounding indigenous dogs. The first show of this breed at the exhibition took place in Amsterdam (1874). "Dutch" was shown under the name "local shepherd." A few more years, the exhibitors existed under this name. Since 1860, the first single clubs of fans of this breed of dogs began to appear in the Netherlands.
On June 12, 1898, a large dog show was held in the center of Arnhem, where the first herders called "The Dutch Working Dog" were presented. On the same day, a large state club of Dutch shepherds was created. A breed standard has been drawn up, a pedigree book has been instituted, in which the 17 first representatives of the species were introduced. This day is considered the breed’s formal birthday.
Reference! The Dutch Shepherd Standard is considered one of the oldest and has changed only twice. This is very rare, there have been cases in history when over the past century changes to the description of the breed were made twice.
Despite the excellent working qualities that are not inferior to the Belgian Shepherd, outside the homeland almost nothing is known about herders. A small number of Dutch shepherds is available in neighboring countries - Belgium, Switzerland, France. In Russia, the first litter came from an imported pair only in 2013. At the moment, the Russian Cynological Federation has less than a dozen breeders of this breed. Only about 300 puppies per year are born in the world.
- Country: Netherlands.
- ICF class: Shepherd dogs (shepherd and cattle dogs)
- Usage: service dog, watchman, shepherd, companion.
- Color: brindle and its shades, gray-blue, fawn.
- Life span: 12-15 years
- Average weight: 29-30.5 kg.
- Growth at the withers: females - 55-60 cm, males - 57-62 cm.
- Price: 35000-60000 rubles.
The Dutch Shepherd is a rather large dog. By adulthood, grows to 60 cm, is distinguished by a toned and strong physique. It has a recognizable tiger color of various shades, but fawn, gray-blue specimens are found. There are three varieties of herder:
The latter type is practically not found today. The Dutch shepherd was loved by people not only for its beautiful appearance, but also for its abilities. This is a smart dog, characterized by attention and developed intelligence. He likes long, exhausting physical activities, suitable for keeping in an apartment.
Modern breed standards were established in 1955. At exhibitions, a dog is evaluated according to the following parameters:
- Body. The body is proportional, muscular and flexible. The body should be strong, but not heavy. The presence of a powerful chest is mandatory, due to it the animal is able to maintain breathing during intense physical exertion.
- Limbs. The legs are strong and muscular, the skeleton is well developed. Ligaments should be flexible, elastic. The angle between the thigh and lower leg is obtuse, due to which the croup is slightly full. The hock is located so that the metatarsus has a vertical position.
- The head is proportional to the body. The muzzle is dry and long, normally its length is approximately the same as the skull. In longhaired representatives, it seems more massive. Ears of a standing type with a high set. The shells are triangular in shape, pointed and directed forward. The eyes are medium sized, have an almond-shaped and black color. Scissor bite.
- Wool. Wool standards vary by breed subtype. In long-haired shepherds it is straight and long, with a well-developed undercoat. Ears without fringe, on the hind legs, head and neck, the hair is short. Wire-haired herders have short, ruffled hair all over their bodies except the muzzle. The beard, mustache and eyebrows stand out well. Let's say bluish, motley, fawn and brindle color.
- Tail. Should not be very long. At rest, the shepherd keeps its tail, for example, a slight deflection. When moving, it rises higher, it is unacceptable to roll to the side.
Dogs with white spots on the body and the absence of a mask on the face are not allowed for breeding. A serious disadvantage is the rounded and broken ends of the ears. Males should have two distinct testes fully descended into the scrotum. Cryptorchids are rare among representatives of this breed.
The dog needs regular and sufficient physical activity. This is important for maintaining the health and fitness of the pet. Walking is required at least 2 times a day, the optimal total duration is 2-3 hours. The shepherd quickly learns to walk close by, because of his devotion he rarely escapes from the leash. It is advisable to provide daily running load, systematically engage in teams that require intellectual stress. The Dutch shepherd likes to chase a ball, disc or stick - this can be used as exercise for endurance, speed.
The Dutch Shepherd does not have serious hereditary diseases. A common problem for herders is hip dysplasia. To avoid this disease from your pet, it is important to request pictures of the parents of the litter. As a rule, large breeders and nurseries make them before planned mating.
With illiterate care and maintenance, there is a risk of bedsores and alopecia. In old age, the dog often decreases vision, develops cataracts or blindness. The life span of a shepherd can be up to 15 years. Like other breeds, puppies require routine vaccinations starting from 2 months.
In the Dutch Shepherd, the first estrus is observed at the age of 6 to 11 months. Normally, it proceeds from 20 to 23 days, and then repeats with regularity up to 2 times a year. The dog changes its behavior and habitual way of life. The bitch becomes more lethargic or active, appetite changes. The main sign of the onset of estrus is an increase in urination, an increase in the size of the labia. During this period, all walks should only be on a short leash. In the room, it is advisable to wear special pants that simplify pet care and cleaning during secretions.
The first mating of the Dutch shepherd is recommended to be planned for the second year of life - at this point the body, reproductive organs are fully formed. The optimal time for the process is 10-12 estrus days. Veterinarians recommend taking a special test to determine the condition of the eggs.
You need to select a pair for the herder by height and weight. A male should be a little smaller than a female. This allows you to avoid problem birth, cesarean section. Both representatives of the breed should be combined in color, which is important to preserve the signs of the exterior. Acquaintance is permissible to conduct both in the territory of the male and the female. It is important to ensure a comfortable environment, as the dog, even out of heat, is wary. Control mating is permissible no earlier than 24 hours after the first.
The gestation period in shepherds varies from 50 to 56 days. During this time, the animal should be provided with high-quality and balanced nutrition, and serious physical and psychological stress should be avoided. The offspring of this breed is small - 4-6 puppies, for the first time, the female brings fewer offspring. It is advisable to conduct childbirth only under the supervision of a veterinarian in order to avoid unpleasant consequences, and to carry out the necessary resuscitation measures in time.
The Dutch Shepherd has a good maternal instinct. After giving birth, the bitch's skills may be aggravated. In order to prevent such changes, during this period the pet should be provided with a comfortable and calm content.
Herder does not need complicated care. When working with the breed, it is important to consider the characteristics of the coat, content and age. Dutch Shepherd Care Tips:
- monthly inspect the auricles, clean the accumulation of sulfur,
- in the summer, the claws grind on their own, in the winter they are cut every month,
- check the condition of the eyes, clean from dirt. If necessary, use special veterinary drops,
- The frequency of brushing depends on the age and type of nutrition. On drying, the procedure is less frequent than on natural. The optimal frequency of cleaning at the veterinarian is 1 time per year. For prevention, give a bite to dense treats, use a special paste,
- hair care differs depending on its type. Combing is carried out weekly, especially during molting. A haircut is needed only by long-haired. Rough-haired representatives of the breed are trimmed 2-3 times a year, show dogs are plucked monthly,
- bathing is necessary 2-3 times a year, if the dog lives in the apartment, the procedure can be carried out more often.
The pet should have its own place in the house, for example, a deckchair without sides. It is recommended to purchase bowls only metal, with the ability to adjust the rack to the height of the dog.
How to put ears
Raised up ears are a key sign of the breed, a prerequisite for the exhibition. They are specially put in puppyhood. A simple way to put the ears of a Dutch shepherd:
- Treat the shells with a cotton pad dipped in hydrogen peroxide or Chlorhexidine.
- Place your ears upright, place an ice cream stick or similar object made of natural materials nearby.
- Tape them with a medical patch, building a jumper between the auricles.
Change the patch and sticks every 4-7 days or as they become dirty. With this method, the puppy's ears get up after 3-4 weeks. During this time, give vitamin-mineral supplements with a high content of calcium.
Dutch shepherds are not picky about food. Adapting to both natural nutrition and dry food. They are suitable diet for active breeds, rich in protein and carbohydrates. They rarely suffer from allergies, so the ingredients are selected depending on the taste preferences of the pet. The feeding regimen of puppies and their diet are different from adults. At the age of 6 months, the dog should be fed every 3-4 hours, then transferred to the classic mode - 2-3 times a day.
It is possible to excommunicate the puppy from the mother at the age of 2-3 months. They quickly socialize, get used to the owner. When choosing a pet, pay attention to appearance and behavior. The dog should be active and curious, it is not recommended to acquire frightened, confused puppies. You should check the condition of the coat - it should be uniform, without white spots and signs of alopecia. The limbs of a healthy individual are mobile, without a pronounced size. Check the availability of all documents for droppings, ideally - X-rays of parents for the absence of dysplasia.
Price and where to buy a puppy
The Dutch Shepherd is a rare breed of dog. Large nurseries are located in the CIS countries, in the Netherlands. You should only buy a puppy from a trusted factory, it is advisable to check the reviews of other owners in advance. They are not involved in professional breeding of this breed in Russia, but puppies sometimes appear in the Best of the Black kennel (http://working-gsdbest.sitecity.ru/). The cost varies from 35 to 60 thousand rubles, depending on the color, type of coat and pedigree.
International standard. Description
The birthplace of the Dutch shepherd (herder) is the Netherlands.
There are three varieties of this breed:
The first two types of colors are the same - yellowish or silver coat alternating with black stripes. When molting is more noticeable light undercoat, after - dark. For wire-haired, blue-gray color or pepper and salt are allowed. Breeders in the Netherlands are trying to achieve a spotty color with a golden tint, so far to no avail.
Longhair dutch shepherd dog
On visual inspection, the dog gives the impression of a proportional, light, even, medium-sized predator. With straight lines of the back and lower back, strong lean body, without dampness. The length of the body is greater than the growth at the withers. The stomach is moderately tightened. The chest is narrow, but deep and lowered. The tail at rest reaches the hocks, strong at the base, saber, low set. The limbs are light but strong. The features of typical shepherds, in particular Belgian ones, are clearly visible.
The head has clear lines, wedge-shaped. In wirecoats it visually looks larger due to the type of coat. The neck is dry, without suspension. The skull is slightly shorter than the muzzle. The transition from the forehead to the nose is moderately pronounced. The eyes are almond-shaped, not protruding, dark brown. The look is expressive, clever. The ears are triangular in shape, set high, slightly pointed at the ends, erect. Bite - scissors, in the standard - 42 teeth. The nose is not large with wide nostrils, black (white pigment is not allowed).
Breed Standard Dutch Herder
Growth at the withers of males is 58-60 cm, females 55-58 cm. Weight males from 27 to 29 kg, females 24-27 kg.
Comparative classification of Dutch shepherds, according to the International Cynological Federation: group 1 (shepherd and cattle dogs), section 1 (shepherd dogs).
Dutch shepherd breeders actively support working breeding. Until now, in their homeland, herders live away from the city and work as shepherds. That is why they are considered village dogs that need space. Very active, agile, obedient animals.
With a lack of physical and mental stress, they can exhibit destructive behavior. Often attract attention to themselves by jumping on the owner.
The breed standard states that cowardice and aggression are a vice. Representatives of this species are confident and alert to others.
By nature, malleable, lively, active, very interested in communicating with a person. Ready to follow the master everywhere.
Pros and cons
- developed intelligence, learning ability,
- guard skills
- stamina, good health,
- beautiful exterior
- the need for training,
- does not tolerate loneliness,
- need for physical activity.
Briefly about the main thing
- Dutch Shepherd, or herder - a shepherd dog, bred in the Netherlands. The breed standards appeared in 1860.
- It has good intelligence, stamina and watchdog qualities. Puppies are trained in service skills, used as a guide.
- Suitable for keeping in an apartment, insulated aviary on the street. It does not require complicated maintenance.
- Less breed - the dog does not tolerate loneliness, requires early training.
Herderhunders, in accordance with established ICF standards, must meet the following requirements:
- Head slightly elongated, in the form of a wedge, dry, the skull is flattened, the foot is not pronounced.
- Nose nose exceptionally black.
- Lips tight fit, slightly cover the lower jaw.
- Bite - scissors, a set of 42 teeth.
- Eyes almond-shaped, not very large, located at a distance from each other. The color is deep brown, with a black stroke.
- Neck medium length, dry, with a smooth transition to the shoulder blades.
- The ears triangle-shaped, long, set high. Rounded or broken are considered marriage.
- Tail longer than average, straight or with a slight bend.
- Torso lightweight, lean, spine and lower back even. The length is slightly greater than the height. The sternum is narrow but deep.
- Legs muscular, light, angles moderately pronounced. Paw pads are dark, nails are only black.
Wool can be of 3 types:
- Long (rare variety). Roughly the same severity throughout the body (except for the muzzle, paws, auricles, surface below the hock joint on the hind limbs), rough. The color is tiger or pure black (gray hair, silver tint are acceptable).
- Tough. The hair is very dense, closed, looks disheveled, with good undercoat. Mustache, beard, eyebrows are clearly distinguished on the muzzle, “pants” on the hind legs are expressed. Color tiger, "pepper and salt", blue-gray.
- Short (most common). The hair is hard, with a dense undercoat, expressed as a “collar”, “pants”, the tail is very pubescent. Color tiger.
Attitude towards people, animals
In relation to their owners, herders show unlimited devotion and love. Extraordinarily gentle, affectionate creatures with all members of the family. They show extraordinary patience for children, protect and protect them.
To strangers demonstrate alertness, but without excessive aggression. Safe for others outside their territory. Property, home and family members can be protected even without training.
With an insufficient level of socialization, they are hostile to themselves. With active communication with other dogs, attacks of bitterness do not happen.
Dutch shepherds, thanks to their lively mind and quick wit, quickly understand what they want from them. Therefore, they can serve as faithful guards of the house, land or owner. Congenital caution and attentiveness, keen hearing and eyesight are indisputable helpers in the protection.
Herders can serve at any time, under all weather conditions. They are unpretentious and hardy. Always ready to please the owner.
It is not necessary to talk about hereditary diseases of herders for a long time - they simply do not exist. Unlike the progenitors of the Belgian shepherd breed, suffering from epilepsy. Herder is a surprisingly healthy dog.
Upon reaching 10 years, health problems may arise. But this has nothing to do with heredity, rather with age.
The old-timers of the breed live to 16 years, the average length of life is about 14 years.
Maintenance and care
Exhibitors of this breed are undemanding in care. All they need:
- cut nails (1 per month),
- wipe eyes and ears with a special lotion (1 per week),
- comb out once a week,
- Wire-haired trimming (2 times per year),
- treat from parasites (according to instructions).
You can keep the Dutch shepherd in the courtyard of a private house with a warm booth. In the apartment - subject to the provision of daily long walks and visits to the training site. Under any living conditions, the main thing is not to forget about the high level of activity of the animal. It is necessary to give the opportunity to throw out energy in order to avoid unwanted behavior.
Herders are not whimsical in nutrition. They have a good appetite, they will gladly eat everything that they are offered. Do not forget that these are predators, they need protein, collagen, calcium. Meat, cottage cheese, eggs should be included in the diet. Sweets, spices, marinades are strictly prohibited.
It is permissible to feed the herder with dry food (preferably premium or super premium).
Small herders differ from adults only in color. Energetic behavior is characteristic of both adults and puppies. In their litter there can be from 5 to 10 pieces. They are rarely born with any deviations due to the good health of the breed.
Before taking a puppy, it is recommended to get advice on maintenance, vaccinations and feeding from the breeder.
Reference! Puppies of the Dutch shepherd are born completely black, closer to two months of life tiger stripes begin to appear. And only closer to the year, the dog acquires a permanent color.
The breed is considered very rare, almost extinct, so the price of the Dutch shepherd is appropriate.
In its historical homeland - in the Netherlands, the cost of a puppy, depending on the titles of the parents, is from 500 to 700 euros.
In Russia, such a dog costs from 40,000 rubles.
Taking into account all the advantages, this is not a big payment for the loyalty and devotion that dogs give to a person throughout their life.
Brief historical background
According to official figures, the history of the breed has a little more than two hundred years. Although, perhaps, dogs similar to the herderhunders appeared in the Netherlands before. Belgian shepherd dogs (Malinois) are considered to be their ancestors. They crossed the border between two neighboring states with flocks of sheep and crossed for centuries with local dogs.
Herderhunder in the exact translation means "shepherd." Dogs were raised by people of the same profession, focusing primarily on working qualities and completely not paying attention to exterior characteristics.
Clubs of lovers of this breed in the Netherlands began to appear after 1860.For the first time, Dutch shepherd dogs were introduced in 1874 at the Amsterdam exhibition under the uncomplicated name “local shepherds”. They received their pedigree name Hollandse Herdershond in 1878, and on June 12, 1898 (the official birthday of the breed), the National Club of Dutch Shepherds was founded, in the pedigree book of which 17 individuals were immediately entered. However, the preliminary standard was described only in 1935.
The Dutch Shepherd Standard is considered one of the oldest, and it has changed only twice.
Dutch shepherd is considered a national treasure of the Netherlands
The international cynological community recognized the breed in 1960, then the standard requirements were finalized and changed. In the FCI registryDutch shepherds are listed under number 223 (1st group - “Shepherd’s and cattle dogs”, 1st section - “Sheepdogs”). The current current standard is dated October 21, 2009.
The first pair of Dutch shepherds was brought into Russia from the United States in the early 2000s, and the first litter was registered only in 2013.
Description of the Dutch Cattle Dog
The main purpose of the Dutch shepherd is a shepherd's work, in some regions of the Netherlands they still carry out their direct duties. However, they often act as service rescue dogs, athletes, guide dogs, as well as just pets and companions.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is medium-sized, standing from 21 to 24 inches tall, and generally weighs about 60 pounds. It is slightly longer than it is tall, with a deep chest, strong loins, and a short powerful back. The coat comes in three different types: short, long, and rough. The Dutch Shepherd also appears in a variety of colors: brindle, gray brindle, salt and pepper, blue gray, gold brindle, and silver brindle.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a strong, active dog, with a brain to match. This dog wants, and needs, to be busy. Exercise is essential for this breed, or they will find their own ways to entertain themselves, such as chewing and digging. They are intelligent and quick to learn, making them an ideal dog for herding, obedience, and agility. They are gaining popularity for police and military work, due in part that, being a relatively unknown breed, they have few health problems, and have a long lifespan, often up to 15 years. This dog makes an ideal family companion, being friendly and loyal, as long as the owner is quick to establish an alpha relationship, meaning the dog must know who is boss, he will gladly take over! These dogs need to be with their people, they don’t do well when left alone for hours a day, (nor, for that matter, does any other breed of dog) and a good romp in the yard or the dog park is in order when they have been left for a period of time. The Dutch Shepherd Dog gets along well with other dogs, and generally any other animal. They are personable with people that they know, although they may be vary of strangers. This quality makes for a loyal guardian and protector of home and property and an excellent watchdog.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is not recognized by the Kennel Club of the UK. One of the biggest concerns breeders have is the proliferation of the breed purely for profit, as well as the "glamorisation" of the dogs for show purposes. The American Kennel Club is currently in the process of recognizing the Dutch Shepherd Dog. Once this is completed, a worldwide breed standard will be created to ensure the integrity of this breed's future.
Features of the coat
Depending on the type of wool, representatives of this breed are divided into three varieties:
- Longhair (the rarest, almost extinct). The coat is straight (without waves and curls), densely lying, elongated, rather coarse and hard to the touch. The undercoat is thick and dense. On the head, ears, hind legs and feet, the hair is noticeably shorter. The tail is covered with thick hair, there are scratches on the ears.
In the long-haired variety of the Dutch shepherd, the hair is elongated and tightly attached to the body
The Coarse Netherlands Shepherd has an unusual rough and tousled coat
The Dutch Shepherd has a characteristic tiger color
The standard allows gray with silver marks and black with golden spots of varying degrees of severity and brightness. Colored areas are evenly distributed over the entire surface of the body (including the tail, collar, comb, etc.). Desirable black mask on the face. In coarse-haired individuals, spots are less pronounced, and additional colors are also acceptable: pepper with salt and blue-gray with spots (silver or gold).
Color gray with silver is allowed by the standard Dutch Shepherd
- not a black nose
- ears are rounded, drooping or cropped,
- jaw problems (overshot, skew, overshot),
- wrong color (inclusions of non-standard colors, too much black in the upper layer, very large white spots on the chest and paws, white stripes and marks on other parts of the body).
How to choose a tiger shepherd puppy
It’s very difficult to buy a Dutch shepherd, since no more than three hundred puppies are registered annually in the world, most of which are in their historical homeland. It is recommended to buy an animal only in trusted kennels that have a large number of positive reviews and a good reputation. A responsible and conscientious breeder provides the necessary set of documents confirming the pedigree of the puppy (pedigrees of parents, puppy metrics, etc.).
Dutch shepherds are born almost black, only after two months the characteristic pedigree tiger breed begins to appear. Even the type of coat is not immediately predictable.
In European kennels, the cost of purebred Dutch shepherds varies from 500 to 700 euros. In our country, these dogs can be bought for 35-60 thousand rubles. The specific amount directly depends on the titularity of the parents, pedigree, color and type of coat.
It is impossible to find a purebred Dutch Shepherd dog by advertisement or by hand. In such cases, they usually offer a very similar visually puppy. It is best to seek the help of an experienced dog handler before buying, who knows the nuances of this particular breed.
Puppies of the Dutch shepherd are born almost black, then gradually acquire a pedigree tiger
Keeping a Dutch (Dutch) Shepherd Dog
A shepherd dog, being a peasant shepherd dog, needs space and freedom of movement. She will feel most comfortable in a country or private house, where she can walk and run in a large courtyard or aviary (there you need to equip an insulated booth).
You cannot chain and lock up the Dutch Shepherds.
Representatives of the breed are able to adapt to tight housing conditions, but sometimes they can be destructive due to excessive activity and mobility.
The set of hygiene procedures is standard:
- Comb out every week with a strong brush; during active molting, do this daily. Wirehaired species trimmed once every six months.
- Every 5-7 days, inspect the ears and eyes, clean with cotton pads with zoolosion.
- Brush your teeth every 7-10 days using a paste for animals and a special brush.
- Cut claws, if they do not grind on their own, about once a month.
- Bathe as rarely as possible, only in case of urgent need (no more than once a year).
Dutch shepherd dogs should be able to run full and frolic, they will spoil the character. You need to walk with these dogs twice a day for 1.5–2 hours, and not just walk, but give your pet the opportunity to play, jump, run and perform various physical exercises (for example, on a dog’s platform).
The breed is suitable for active and restless owners who can provide their pets with the proper level of physical activity, taking them with them for a morning run in the park, cycling, trips out of town, etc.
It takes a lot of time to walk with shepherds
Dutch Shepherds are completely unpretentious in food. They can be fed both factory-made freeze-dried foods, choosing products with a class not lower than super-premium (Pro Plan Adult Large Athletic, Royal Canin H.E Club, etc.), as well as home-made freshly prepared food. Adult dogs are given food twice a day, puppies more often - 3–6 times a day.
The natural diet is made up of:
- low-fat raw meat (horse meat, rabbit meat, veal, etc.),
- offal and meat scraps,
- cereals (rice, buckwheat, etc.),
- dairy products with low fat content (cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, kefir, etc.),
- unrefined vegetable oil,
- greens, seasonal fruits and vegetables,
- ocean fish (boiled, boneless),
- vitamin and mineral complexes.
It is forbidden to feed shepherd dogs fatty, sweet, smoked, fried, as well as citrus fruits, legumes and tubular bones.
Training and education
Incredibly malleable and attentive Dutch shepherds are very easy to train. Dogs learn quickly, grabbing everything on the fly and instantly memorizing commands.
You need to familiarize yourself with the rules of behavior and socialize the puppy from a very early age, otherwise it can grow up shy and uncommunicative. When training, it is extremely important to act confidently, consistently and patiently, as independent shepherds tend to be stubborn. The owner must be a leader and authority for the dog.
Dutch Shepherd dogs are very trained and participate in various dog competitions
In working with the Dutch, cruelty and physical punishment are excluded.
Best nicknames for the breed
The unusual, though rustic appearance of the Dutch shepherd suggests the same interesting names.
For boys, such nicknames are suitable:
Girls can be called like this:
Named puppies are given nicknames at the club. For example, when puppies appeared in our German Drathaar breed dog, they were all named with the letter “O”. These official nicknames were recorded in puppy metrics, and the new owners already called as they wanted.