At present, the breed is perfectly demonstrating its service and search qualities, its representatives actively participate in exhibitions and competitions, these are excellent dogs for the family.
The German shepherd is medium in size, slightly stretched body. This is a muscular and strong dog of strong build with a rough dry bones. A strong constitution, the correct shape and location of the limbs provide the dog with a long movement with a creeping trot for a long time. Sexual dimorphism in purebred German shepherds should be pronounced.
German shepherd dogs are highly developed jaws, they are powerful and have, according to the standard formula, 42 teeth that sit deep in a row. The scissor bite, that is, the incisors go one after another like scissors, according to the German shepherd breed standard, an incorrect direct bite, overshot and overshot are unacceptable, as well as obvious clearances between the teeth, which has the name intermittent set.
The back of the nose the dog has a straight, hump or deflection are not welcome, lobe the nose must be black. The lips of the shepherd are also dark in color, dry and tight.
Eyes almond-shaped, set a little obliquely. The color of the eyes in dogs of the German Shepherd breed must be dark, and the darker the better. The gaze of the dog, its expression, depends on this, therefore light, piercing eyes are unacceptable.
German shepherd ears keep upright, directed to one side. It is usually put forward by the sink. When moving, the ears of the dog can be laid back, which is not a disadvantage. Unwanted ear breaks and lop-eared.
shepherd is strong, has well-developed muscles, without a skin-fat suspension on the throat. It forms an angle of about 45 ° with the body.
Postav hind limbs slightly set back, but when viewed from behind, legs are parallel. Powerful hips and lower legs are approximately the same length and make an angle of approximately 120 °.
Hocks the dog has pronounced, fairly strong, the metatarsus is located vertically under the joint.
Paws in shepherd dogs are round, collected in hard pads, the claws of dogs are strong, have a dark shade.
Color and coat of a German shepherd
Normal, standard wool dense and tough, has an undercoat. On the paws, fingers and head, it is short, on the neck and legs (to the hocks) a little thicker and longer, and on the back of the hips forms the so-called. "pants". The integumentary hair is very thick, straight and coarse, tight to the body.
The color of the German shepherd dogs can have varieties: black monophonic, gray monophonic and with shades, black with tan or shades of brown, black, zonen-red or gray. The lack of a characteristic “mask” and whitish blotches on the wool are considered flaws.
By standard leather German shepherds should not form wrinkles, fits snugly.
The nature and psyche of the breed
The nature and mental state of the German Shepherd are regulated and typical of all representatives of this species. These are service dogs, which are characterized by such features as fearlessness, perseverance, strength of mind, endurance, attentiveness, self-confidence, obedience, responsibility, etc.
For purebred German shepherds, a strong nervous system and natural behavior are required by standard. The presence of such qualities makes it possible to consider the shepherd as a guard, shepherd or patrol dog.
Sexual type is an important feature that characterizes the breed, sexual function and general health of the animal. Differences in the morphology of males and females should be well expressed in external signs, so that even with a cursory glance it is possible to accurately determine the sex of the shepherd. Males are larger, strong, wide-bodied, look much more courageous than bitches, have a well-developed skeleton and a stronger constitution. A characteristic differentiating feature is the head: in males it is more voluminous and prominent than in females, which are characterized by clear signs of femininity. Also, in males, the chest is wider and more massive, and in females - a pronounced wide sacrum.
Deviations in the sexual type are associated with pathological changes in the hormonal sphere and indicate a dog's disease.
Males in the bitch type have a refined skeleton, a weak constitution, a light head and are distinguished by nervousness and aggressiveness.
Bitches in the male type, respectively, according to the constitution are rude, have a massive large head.Of course, deviations in the sexual type of any degree and form are regarded as defects.
It is characterized by a painful appearance and a general weak state, occurs as a result of malnutrition or due to illness. At the same time, the shepherd’s hair is dull, sticking out, the fatty layer is absent altogether, the ribs noticeably stand out under the skin.
The norm according to the standard should be considered only the factory or working condition.
- ear flaws: low landing, pointedness, inward obstruction, weakness.
- pigment deficiencies: light marks on the chest, bright eyes, red tip of the tail, etc.
- lack of dog overall stability.
- tooth defects: any deviations from the standard scissor bite or standard dental formula, if this is not associated with a disqualifying defect.
- excessive nervousness, aggression in any manifestation, cowardice,
- deformation of the ears or tail,
- disadvantages of the dental system: the absence of the 1st third premolar and another tooth, the 1st canine, the 1st fourth premolar, the 1st first molar or the 2nd molar, three or more teeth,
- jaw flaws: overshot in 2 and more millimeters, overshot mouth, straight bite (i.e. with all 12 incisors), growth of more than 1 cm above or below the approved standard,
- white coat color,
- long outer coat
German Shepherd Puppy Standard
Choosing a puppy, one should not be guided by the first impression, but by the results of a thorough examination. Of course, if you get a dog "for the soul", and not the future champion of the shows, the standards of the German Shepherd are not so important. However, keep in mind that deviations in the standard characteristics of the breed can violate your typical ideas about German shepherds, and choosing a purebred “German” will save you from unpleasant surprises. You should buy a puppy - the future champion in well-known nurseries, where you can get acquainted with the characteristics of the parents and get valuable advice.
The German Shepherd puppy standard is invariably associated with physical and mental health. Inspect the dog carefully. He should have a smooth glossy coat, clean clear eyes with tight-fitting eyelids, moderate fatness.
Do not confuse fatness with bloating. This symptom indicates helminth infection of puppies.
Pay attention to the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, eyes: they should be clean, pink. Check the bite of the baby: according to the standard, it is scissor-shaped, let's say a small (no more than 1-2 mm.) Overshot, which will pass over time.
Ears of puppies up to 3-4 months old should not have standing tips? this sign indicates a lack of vitamin D in the dog’s body and a general violation of calcium-phosphorus metabolism.
The color echoes the parent and is typical of the breed.
The color of the eyes of puppies of the German shepherd is usually dark, infant blueness passes by 2 months.
Pay attention to the general structure of the puppy’s body: the skeleton should be strong, slightly elongated, the shoulder girdle wide enough, the back straight, the tail without cones and kinks of “saber” shape, not the “donut” Paws are neat, round. The face of the baby should not be too narrow - this refers to the shortcomings.
It is quite difficult to evaluate a German shepherd puppy in movement, but it is possible. If during the run the baby is actively pushed with its hind legs and throws the forepaws far away, this is an excellent sign of joint health. The movements of the baby should be light, free and confident.
A healthy puppy is active, playful, he is always in a good mood, he is always curious. The kid shows interest in everything new, confidently keeps among the rest. If the puppy is angry, growls and bites, this is not a sign of courage and courage, but rather mental instability.
Brief description of the breed German shepherd
The service dog of the German Shepherd breed is a rather large and strong animal. The height of adult males is 60-65 cm at the withers, bitches are slightly less - 55-60 cm. The weight of the dog varies from 22 to 40 kg, depending on gender and height.
The standard allows two types of outer coat - long and medium (undercoat must be present in both cases). The German Shepherd has four colors: black-red or black-eyed (the most common), black, zoning-gray or zoning-red and black-and-tan (more common among representatives of working lines). White spots on the body are not allowed.
German shepherd pluses
Representatives of this breed are in dire need of daily communication with humans. They have high intelligence; in the ranking of the most intelligent dogs, they occupy third place.
The advantages of German shepherds include:
- Excellent learning ability. These dogs quickly memorize new teams, with pleasure perform complex tricks. They strive to fulfill any desire of the owner, but on condition that a trust relationship is established between the pet and the owner.
- Loyalty to all family members. With proper education, the German shepherd becomes a good "nanny" for kids. Especially reverent to children are bitches. They bravely endure twitching of the tail, ears and other parts of the body, but this does not mean that the dog can be left alone with the child.
- Exceptional devotion. The shepherd is strongly attached to only one person, but she favors the rest of the family and will stand up for each of them.
- Unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention. Germans are universal dogs. They are kept not only in private homes, but even in small-sized apartments. In a small room, this dog does not take up much space, but only on condition that the animal receives enough load (active games, a long walk for 1-2 hours in the morning and evening, learning and executing commands). The shepherd can be kept on the street - to frost it builds up a thick undercoat that warms the animal even in severe cold.
- Unpretentious to the diet. Most Germans have a diet made from natural products. Many feed dry prepared foods to their pets. But a certain percentage of dogs of this breed have a sensitive digestive tract, and in this case, nutrition should be approached more responsibly.
- Attractive appearance. German shepherds always attract the eyes of others. They have a noble appearance, a stately body and easy creeping gait.
- Sociability. Socialized dogs can easily make contact even with strangers. The Germans are predictable in their actions, do not seek to outwit the owner, are honest and open, which is an undoubted plus of the breed.
- Lively, balanced temperament. These dogs easily switch from a working state to a calm one. The shepherd actively plays, executes commands and instantly joins the “work”, but also quickly calms down. Although not all Germans possess this quality, some of them may be overly excitable.
- Pronounced security features. Shepherd courageously stands up to protect his family. She is strong enough to knock down even an adult man. These dogs are observant and lightning fast react to an attempt by an alien to attack the owner or family member.
- Universality. German shepherds are suitable for almost all sports. With them, you can engage not only in obedience, but also in guard and guard service, agility, Frisbee, freestyle, wave pulling and other types of training. The Germans perfectly find the item by smell, so they are popular with customs officers.
- The affordable cost of a puppy. The low price is also one of the advantages of German shepherds. The average cost of a baby is from 15 to 30 thousand (animals of a middle pet class). However, show-class dogs with excellent exterior and high exhibition prospects can have a price of 40-60 thousand and higher.
Cons German Shepherd Dog
Despite all these advantages, representatives of the breed have their drawbacks.
By cons include:
- Mandatory training. These dogs need at least a basic UGS course (guided city dog). Without proper upbringing and training, a dog can become uncontrollable and dangerous for other people. The German shepherd must listen and hear the owner, respect him and remain obedient even in extreme situations.
- The need for active games, activities and walks. These dogs need regular and long (up to 2-3 hours, and sometimes more) pastime on the street. Moreover, the shepherd dog needs not just games, but mental stress. On a walk, you should definitely repeat commands or learn new ones, it is enough to devote 15-30 minutes to this. Without such activities, the German will get bored and will seek for entertainment on his own (he will start to nibble things and sofas, gut the bin, etc.).
- Control of aggression. Some shepherd dogs may be overly aggressive towards others. The owner should pay special attention to socialization, during which they explain to the dog that not all people and animals are a threat.
- The presence of wool and smell in the room. During molting, German shepherds drop a lot of undercoat. As a result, daily cleaning is required, otherwise the entire floor in the apartment where the dog lives will be covered with wool. Also, representatives of the breed have a specific smell, which not everyone will like.
- Large sizes. German shepherds are not small decorative companions. These are strong animals, which when jumping on the owner and games can leave a lot of bruises on the body. When buying a puppy, one should not forget about it.
- Sensitive digestion and weak musculoskeletal system. Some members of the breed suffer from food allergies. In this case, you should carefully select the feed. Also, many German shepherd dogs of the show line have joint dysplasia, but recently breeders have paid more attention to this problem and are trying to exclude sick manufacturers from breeding.
Pros and cons of keeping a shepherd dog in an apartment
Many dog breeders keep Germans in apartments, even one-room ones. Contrary to the prevailing opinion that a large animal is uncomfortable in such conditions, representatives of this breed feel good in a small room.
The advantage is that shepherds are almost invisible in a small apartment, as they sleep on their bedding for almost the whole day. But this is relevant only if the dog walks a lot on the street and receives the necessary mental stress.
If the animal is bored and walks no more than half an hour a day, it begins to have fun on its own. The Germans can tear off the floor covering (linoleum, laminate, etc.), ruin the wallpaper, gnaw furniture, pull out all the things from the cabinets, etc. And this is a minus of keeping such a dog in the apartment.
Also, to the minus of the German living in the room, one can attribute their excessive "talkativeness".Shepherd dogs like to give voice, especially to extraneous sounds in the stairwell. But you can wean this pet.
Abundant molting, during which everything in the apartment is covered with the fluff and hair of a German shepherd, is also attributed to the disadvantages of keeping these dogs in the apartment. This problem can be solved by regular combing with a furminator or at least a tubercle.
The German Shepherd is a wonderful animal for a family that loves outdoor activities. For people who lead a calm lifestyle and avoid long walks, such a dog is not suitable. Before you get a puppy, you need to study all the pros and cons of the breed, weigh the pros and cons, consult with dog handlers and family members. A dog is a companion for many years.
Brief description of the breed
German Shepherd - a dog of medium height with a slightly stretched format and well-developed muscles.
She at first glance gives the impression of a smart, alert and strong animal. The characteristic shape of the head, muzzle and erect, slightly rounded at the ends of the ears, make the shepherd look like a wolf.
In the dark brown eyes shine intelligence, nobility and selfless devotion to the owner.
The German Shepherd should give the impression of harmony, self-confidence and natural nobility.
For more information on what a German shepherd looks like, read here.
Shepherd dogs, similar to a German shepherd, have long inhabited the territory of modern Germany.
They were strong and courageous animals, protecting not only cattle, but also farmsteads from the invasion of robbers and not afraid to engage in combat with wolves.
By the beginning of targeted breeding in Germany, there were many excellent working shepherds, which became the founders of the new breed.
This happened at the end of the 19th century and very quickly the physical data and working qualities of the German Shepherd made them popular. Around this time, their use in the army and in the police service began.
Colonel of the German cavalry Max von Stefanitz is considered to be the creator of the German shepherd and the first of its breeders. He bred these dogs from 1884 to 1896 and did a lot for the recognition and formation of a new breed.
Incredulous to strangers, bold and faithful animals with intrinsic protective instincts inherent in them.
German shepherd has a balanced character, does not show aggression for no reason and only by order of the owner or guide can it attack.
Immaculately obedient, incorruptible and decisive, this dog is distinguished by intelligence and quick wit.
German Shepherd understands the difference between work and everyday life..
Pros and cons
- Smart, smart and easy to learn.
- Exceptionally loyal.
- Unpretentious in care and maintenance.
- Loyal to children.
- He perfectly understands when manifestations of aggression are appropriate, and when not.
- Great guard dog.
- Universal breed.
- Needs serious training.
- Can not do without great physical exertion.
- Not suitable for the role of a pet dog.
- With improper upbringing, it can show aggression.
- Some shepherd dogs are hyperactive.
German shepherd is prone to nervous breakdowns due to overexposure.
The main types
There are currently several breeding lines for German Shepherds.
The most popular classic, also called high, German line. These dogs are distinguished by devotion and love for people, so they are often used as guides for the blind.
Working lines German shepherd dogs are well trained and used in the military and police.
The eastern line was derived from dogs with excellent physique and calm disposition.
Shepherd dogs of Czech working lines are sturdy and able to withstand severe physical exertion for a long time.
Sheepdogs of the American line, bred in the 1970s, have an angular physique, a more elongated muzzle and a relatively soft character.
English Shepherds seem powerful due to their strong skeleton and extended format. These dogs were bred for military purposes.
Among the long-haired German shepherds, two varieties are especially distinguished: the royal and sarluz wolfhound. The latter were bred in the Netherlands and carry an admixture of wolf blood.
Dwarf German Shepherd does not exist. Small dogs appear due to a genetic mutation due to which they can have many congenital pathologies.
Valid German shepherd colors:
In this case, the first two are considered the most preferred.
There are also white shepherds isolated in a separate breed - Swiss Shepherd.
German Shepherd can eat natural food or industrial food.
Ready-made food should be appropriate for the age and physical condition of the shepherd and be of high quality.
The diet of an adult shepherd and puppy nutrition have their own specifics for this breed.
Health and underlying diseases, life expectancy
German shepherd is considered a healthy breed.
But she may also have a predisposition to the following diseases:
Life span German shepherds averages 10-14 years.
Dogs of this breed need to be vaccinated on time, as they are particularly sensitive to serious infections.
Raising a dog and training
You need to start raising a German shepherd dog as early as possible. It is very important to build the right relationship with the pet, for which you need to treat the shepherd strictly, but fairly.
Excessive rigidity and excessive connivance are equally harmful. From the first days, the dog must learn that the main thing in the house is the owner and that she must always obey him.
It is also very important to properly socialize her so that she calmly treats other animals and strangers.
A pet can learn basic commands at home, but only a professional should teach a shepherd dog a general training course and protective-guard service.
Caring for a German shepherd is not as difficult as it might seem at first.
A short-haired shepherd dog needs to be combed with a brush 2-3 times a week, and a long-haired shepherd dog daily, during the molting period, it is also required to comb the dog daily. Bath no more than 1 time in 2-3 months using a special zoo shampoo.
Care for your ears, eyes and teeth consists of daily inspection and cleaning as necessary..
The claws of a German shepherd, as a rule, do not need to be shortened, in the same case, if they do not grind themselves, they need to be cut with a claw cutter.
A German shepherd can be kept in the apartment if it is spacious enough. But dogs of this breed will feel much better in a country house - in this case, the owner will need an aviary and a booth.
It is permissible to obtain offspring only from adult animals with exhibition diplomas, medical certificates and admission to breeding. In this case, the second or third estrus should already have begun in the bitch.
It is desirable that the dog was better on the exterior, and for the first mating it is better to choose an experienced partner as well.
When childbirth proceeds normally, then one should not interfere in their process. If something obviously went wrong, it is better to call a veterinarian than to try to help a dog inadequately.
The average number of litter in a German shepherd is 6-8 puppiesbut can be from 1 to 14 babies.
Like any dog, the shepherd dog is important to choose the right name.
The boys: Cupid, Baron, Veers, Earl, Ducat, Zorro, Irwin, Chris, Lars, Major, Knicks, Oscar, Pard, Ray, Silver, Tref, Ulf, Furst, Hunter, Caesar, Chester, Sherman, Ace, Eugene, Janus .
Girls: Alma, Berta, Vita, Greta, Gemma, Zelda, Ingrid, Corsa, Lexa, Malta, Nick, Olivia, Parma, Ron, Stella, Troy, Una, Freya, Holly, Cera, Chelsea, Sherry, Elsa, Utah, Jasper .
Types of Hybrids
The most common are the following cross between german shepherds:
- Siberian Shepherd (German Shepherd + Husky)
- Malhover (German Shepherd + Rottweiler)
- Wolfhound (German shepherd + wolf)
- Golden Shepherd (German Shepherd + Golden Retriever)
- With a labrador
- With alabai
- With a Caucasian Shepherd Dog
- With belgian shepherd dog
- With chow chow
- With a pug
- With collie
- With akita inu
- With the mongrel
Mixed-breed shepherd dogs obtained from non-aggressive breed dogs are generally friendly, but almost always devoid of official qualities.
Stages of growing puppies
The first three periods of his life are the neonatal period, the transitional period (when the puppy is 1 month old), the period of deposition, the shepherd puppy spends in the breeder's house.
Shepherd is going through the next stages already in the new house:
- The period of socialization is 2-2.5 months. At this time, the puppy is easy to learn and well remembers everything new.
- The hierarchy determination period is from 3 months to 4 months. The puppy can stubborn and bite at this time. It is necessary to gently but persistently put it back in place.
- The period of establishing relationships with the owner is 5 months. At this time, it is necessary to consolidate the basic teams studied earlier.
- Adolescence is approximately 6 months. The dog can behave demonstratively willfully: to be stubborn, not to execute commands. It is necessary to achieve its complete submission at this stage, since later such behavior may become the norm.
- The period of fear is from 7 to 11 months, sometimes a little earlier. The shepherd is suddenly frightened of things that did not cause her fear before. The owner's task is to calm the pet and make it clear that he has nothing to fear. Also at this time, shepherd puberty occurs - the first estrus occurs in bitches, and males may become interested in dogs of the opposite sex.
- The transition period is 1-4 years. At this time, it is necessary to consolidate the already learned skills of the main training course and proceed to the training of the guard service.
From about 5 months old, a young shepherd can begin to do cages on other dogs, on the owner’s foot and on inanimate objects. You can’t punish or rudely pull the pet, you need to switch his attention to the game or training.
How to choose a healthy dog?
You need to buy a German shepherd with documents. The puppy must have a metric confirming its thoroughbredness, and its parents - pedigrees, admission to breeding and medical certificates.
When choosing a puppy, you need to pay attention to its appearance and state of health.
The shepherd must be well-fed, with a strong skeleton and the makings of future muscles.
A healthy puppy has clean, clear eyes, elastic skin without signs of inflammation or rashes, there is no black coating in the ears, and the teeth are white and clean. The coat is shiny and well-groomed, quite soft.
A good puppy is cheerful, active and playful. He does not show excessive aggression towards people, but not too affectionate.
Do not worry if the puppy of the shepherd dog does not have ears in 2-3 months - they rise to 4-5 months. In addition, after vaccination, the ears may fall.
SERVICE QUALITY DOGS OF BREED GERMAN SHEPHERD DEPENDING ON TYPE OF HIGHER NERVOUS ACTIVITY
In the cynological service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, this breed of dog has a special place in the round-the-clock work of the composition of investigative-operational groups, especially when traveling to the scene of incidents 1,2.
Service dogs require an active lifestyle, movement, compulsory training and targeted use 3.
In the cynological center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Bashkortostan, we conducted studies on a comparative assessment of the qualities of dogs of German and East European shepherd dogs. During the research it was necessary to identify the innate qualities of animals, their ability to search work, to establish the type of higher nervous activity (GNI).
To do this, according to the principle of pairs of analogues, 2 groups of dogs were selected, 5 animals from each breed. The following indicators were studied in dogs: temperament, courage, “thirst for prey” and attitudes towards people. The type of higher nervous activity was established by the Krushinsky method and by the ARAKS system. The obtained data were biometrically processed.
Dogs of the German Shepherd breed in terms of activity, reactivity, adaptability and stability corresponded to a moderately excitable type of GNI (sanguine). The analysis of learning, training, dogs showed that they are balanced with a fairly active psyche, with good ability to learn new information. The studied dogs can be effectively trained and trained according to standard programs without the participation of a zoopsychologist.
Similar studies of dogs of the East European breed showed that they were quite significantly inferior to their peers of the German breed and were more consistent with the type of GNI choleric.
Table 1 - Comparative analysis of the types of GNI of different breeds according to the Araks system
The pet has a brown-black color and is not considered a large or small dog. The strong physique of the animal is combined with strong muscles and thinness. The standard height of males is 62-65 cm, and the female is 52-60 cm.
The head of the German Shepherd has an elongated wedge-shaped shape, expanded near the ears. The length of the skull and muzzle are the same. The dog has a well-developed jaw, a scissor-like powerful bite. A characteristic feature for the Germans is a black nose. The eyes of the shepherd dogs are almond-shaped, dark in color and slightly oblique.
Animals have erect ears of a triangular shape, the tips of the auricles are pointed and directed upwards. During some movements or sleep, they can be laid back.
The neck of the German has no suspensions. She is muscular and strong, as is her back.
All body proportions, torso volume, and paw locations affect breed performance. With the right physique (no obesity or excessive thinness), all movements of the shepherd are relaxed and agile.
The coat of representatives of this breed is quite stiff and short. It adheres well to the skin. The Germans have an undercoat, and the longest hair is in the neck area.
The color of the animal’s hair can be only one of the following options:
Flat black color.
Black color with spots of brown (dark / light) or grayish color.
Gray color, in which there is a black mask and a cloak.
The undercoat in animals has a grayish tint.
As for the character, the German Shepherd is considered a very faithful friend with a stable psyche. If the German is purebred, then the negative traits of character in him will be absent. This makes this breed valuable and unique. The vocation and purpose of life of such a shepherd is faithful service to its owner. The dog does not like to sit back and sleep for a long time. The German enjoys every opportunity to become active and useful to its owner. Therefore, the pet is always happy to keep company with the owners both in the service and in intelligence.
An incorrect stereotype is the opinion that German shepherds are evil and unfriendly towards other animals and people. Aggression appears in German shepherds if they feel danger. Dogs themselves are able to analyze and perceive various situations. That is, if the pet feels that someone wants to physically offend you, he will not wait for the command to action, but will begin to bark warningly at the enemy. And in a situation of extreme danger - pounce on him.
Another feature of the German is the lack of fear. This is a very brave dog who never thinks about the inequality of power. If necessary, she will attack the enemy and will “fight” to death in order to protect her beloved owner.
Also, the dog considers the owner of only one person. He will be engaged in raising a shepherd dog.This does not mean that she is indifferent to other family members. She is friendly and attached to all “cohabitants”. In particular, she adores children, with whom she can play and play pranks for a long time.
Do not sit idle
The Germans do not like the loneliness and long absence of their master. Otherwise, the pet develops depression. The surefire way to distract the dog from dreary thoughts is to occupy it with a useful task during the absence of the owner. For example, you need to instruct her to guard the territory. The dog is very hardworking and noble. If she received an order from the owner, then no one would be able to “bribe” her and force her to abandon her debt.
German Shepherd is a good actor. A smart dog knows how to behave correctly in public, clearly fulfills the assigned commands and tasks, avoiding any oversights.
A striking representative of canine acting was the German Rin Tin Tin, who played 26 roles in the movie. In films, the pet was visited by a wolf, and a fighting dog, and a true friend. For his “merits,” the dog was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
German Shepherd Care
And although the German is a very self-sufficient dog breed, he still needs care. Here you need to remember that the best qualities of the animal are manifested against the background of excellent pet health. When starting a shepherd, you should not leave it to yourself.
The German Shepherd Dog needs to be provided with proper nutrition. Protein should prevail in it. So, meat is necessarily laid in the basis of the diet. It is not recommended to give the pet potatoes, as it is poorly absorbed by the canine organism.
You can’t feed the dog pasta and flour, since there will be no benefit from them at all, and excess calories will lead to obesity and the development of inertia in the dog. It is recommended to give porridge to the German.
Servings are calculated based on the animal’s body weight. But basically you should rely on the rule - the more nutritious and nutritious the food, the less it needs to be given to the dog. And vice versa.
German Shepherd Disease
At least once every few weeks, the dog needs to have a small inspection. Even if the pet is active and cheerful, safety precautions will not hurt. Otherwise, you can not identify a serious illness in time.
In addition to the standard set of diseases that dogs can be sick with, Germans are characterized by hereditary diseases, which can be associated with the musculoskeletal function of the body.
Another weak point of the animal is the eyes. They may have corneal dystrophy, a dislocation of the lens, cataract, dermoid, pannus and other eye diseases.
The German Shepherd Dog needs regular vaccinations and competent treatment against parasites (both internal and external). Since in shepherds after talking with other animals, scabies or lichen formation may occur.
Especially you need to pay attention to the condition of the dog’s coat and periodically inspect it. If the dog becomes allergic to a particular product, a rash or peeling may form on the skin. Then immediately it is worth stopping the use of harmful food. The main thing is not to confuse the allergic reactions of the body with dermatitis in dogs.
It is very important not only to inspect and treat the animal in time, but also to try to keep it clean. If the shepherd lives on the streets of the private sector, then it is necessary to keep her aviary in normal sanitary conditions. We must not forget about water procedures for the animal.
Parenting and training
The German is on the list of the smartest dogs on Earth. And although in different films these dogs appear as intelligent, ideally trained animals, if you do not deal with them, the result will be small.
To get a dog with intelligence is not enough just to get a German puppy. The owners will need to devote a lot of time to educate the dog, from the first days of its life.
Learning how to execute simple commands is easy. But if the owners of the shepherd dogs have a desire to reproduce something more significant, you can take the dog to training courses with professional dog handlers.
Whatever it was, but the German shepherd differs from nature by quick wit and hard work. She always has a desire to learn new things. Therefore, in order to develop her abilities to perfection, one must regularly engage in her training. You can start small - “bring a stick” and ending with the search for things that are missing by smell.
For example, a German nicknamed Dzhulbars at one time received the medal “For Military Merit”. Shepherd took part in many battles and mine clearance facilities. Dzhulbars managed to find about 500 mines and 150 shells.