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Round-wood pliers Diana

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Title: from the Greek name of this plant is 'kelastros'. Teofrast used it to name the evergreen species.

Description: totals about 30 species of large, deciduous, sometimes evergreen vines, rarely shrubs, common in East and South Asia, Australia, America.

The name “wood pliers” itself indicates that these vines, climbing trees and twisting their trunks, are sometimes the cause of their death. There are two types of shoots: long, slightly leafy, curly and short - densely leafy, straight. The leaves are alternate, simple. Flowers are dioecious, small, inconspicuous, in the axillary scutes, end panicles, or single. The fruit is a spherical box that opens with three wings. Seeds are surrounded by a bright fleshy seedling.

Undemanding to the soil, tolerate shading well, but achieve better development in sunny places. Propagated by seeds that need, after harvesting, to ripen and dry for 2-3 weeks. Before sowing, seeds need a two-month stratification at a temperature of 2-5 "C. They propagate well vegetatively - with green and lignified cuttings. Planting on a permanent place is done at the age of 2-3 years. Near the valuable trees, planting of pliers is not recommended. They are used for vertical gardening. Among There are also ground cover species of representatives of the genus.

Curling wood pliers, or American - Celastrus scandens L.

Eastern North America. Usually on rich soils, in forests and on the edges, in sunny places it bears fruit better.

Deciduous shrub, rising on a support to a height of 7 m. Shoots bare, without thorns. Leaves are ovate, with a pointed apex and broad-wedge-shaped base, glabrous on both sides, up to 10 cm long, on a petiole up to 2 cm long, lighter than that of a round-leaved pliers. The flowers are collected in panicles up to 10 cm long, blooms after unfolding leaves, flowering time is 20-25 days. Fruits - roundish, yellow capsules up to 0.8 cm in diameter, seeds covered with red seedling.

In GBS since 1938, 3 samples (20 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from the culture, there are plants of vegetative reproduction of GBS and of unknown origin. At 7 years, the length of shoots reaches 2.2 m, at 35 years - 5.5 m. It grows from early May to late October. Growing fast. Blossoms and bears fruit since 7 years. It blooms in the first half of June, 10-12 days. Fruits annually, not abundantly, the fruits ripen by early October. In winter, it partially freezes.

Mature Sq. harvested immediately as the cracking of the boxes begins. Collected Sq. sprinkle with a thin layer and dry for 2 to 3 weeks. Then separated with. from the boxes. Dried c. can be stored up to 1 year without loss of viability, and in hermetically sealed bottles - 4 - 8 years at 34 - 38 ° С. Average viability c. 85% Sowing is usually done in autumn, dried s. immediately after collecting pl. and cleaning them. S. have a deep rest, therefore, stratification in wet sand or moss is required at 1 - 10 ° С (optimum 5 ° С) for 2 - 6 months. Laboratory germination with. 65%, unpaved - 35%. Depth of c. 1 - 1.5 cm. 100% of summer cuttings are rooted.

It grows quickly, tolerates partial shade, frost hardy, prefers moist loam. Gives a lot of root shoots, which can multiply.

One of the most spectacular vines, decorative with beautiful foliage and bright, original fruits. Suitable for decorating the walls of buildings, tall fences, large trees. In culture since 1736.

Photo from CD "Complete Landscape Designer"

Wood pliers - Celastrus orbiculata Thunb.

It is found in nature in the Far East, Southern Sakhalin, Japan and China. Available in the Far Eastern marine and Lazovsky reserves. It grows in valley forests and in the coastal strip on slopes and sand and gravel deposits. Photophilous mesophyte, mesotherm.

Very graceful liana up to 12 m high, with a thick and highly branched crown up to 3 m wide, early fruiting. The stems are very strong, covered with brownish-brown bark, in older specimens with longitudinal cracks. On young shoots, the bark is green. The leaves are dark green, shiny, rounded elliptical, dense, with a long pointed point, bluish below, yellow or orange in the fall. Flowers are inconspicuous, greenish, in axillary shields. Fruits are bright yellow or orange-yellow capsules up to 6 mm in diameter, ripen in September. Surrounded by orange-red seedlings, the seeds remain on the plant all winter.

The most winter-hardy representative of the genus. In Moscow, this species is almost completely lignified by winter; only the tips of the shoots can freeze. It blooms and bears fruit from the age of five. Gives abundant root offspring. The transplant tolerates well, it is not damaged by pests. Decorated with shiny round leaves and fruits. In addition to vertical gardening, it can be used as a groundcover for decorating embankments and slopes. In culture since 1860.

In GBS since 1938, 11 samples (61 copies) were obtained from Holland, Salaspils, Lipetsk LSOS, Canada, Kaliningrad, and also grown from seeds of GBS reproduction. Liana, at 9 years old, the length of the loop is 6.0 m. It grows from 18.V ± 4 to 11.X ± 7 for 146 days. In the first 3 years, the growth rate is average. Blossoms and bears fruit since 5 years. It blooms from 12.VI ± 5 to 26.VI ± 4 for 14 days. Fruits ripen 10.X ± 6. The mass of 100 fruits is 16 g. The mass of 1000 seeds is 6-7 g. Winter hardiness of seedlings and adult plants is average (partially freezes). Seed viability of 98%. Seeds sown in April after 160 days of stratification sprout 13 days later. Rooted cuttings of 100% summer cuttings when processed with a 0.01% solution of IMC for 16 hours

This species has a known shape. f. punctata, which has smaller leaves, shorter shoots and white lentils on the bark. In GBS since 1963, 3 samples (9 copies) were obtained by seedlings from Western Europe, as well as grown from seeds of GBS reproduction. Liana, at 5 years old, height 1.6 m, at 14 years old - up to 4.5 m. Vegetation from early May to mid-October. The growth rate is average. It blooms in the second half of June, about 2 weeks. Fruits in 8 years, the fruits ripen in early October. Winter hardiness is higher. Rooted 79% of summer cuttings.

EDSR Photography

Threaded Wood Plier - Celastrus flagellaris Rupr.

Far East, East Asia. Available in the Far Eastern Sea, "Cedar Pad", Ussuriysky reserves. Grows on the edges of the forest and on the slopes. Photophilous mesophyte, mesomycrotherm.

Photo of Prince Valery

Deciduous vine, rising to a height of 10 m, rarely creeping, with easily rooted shoots. The bark of young shoots is green, the annual branches are red-brown. The leaves are light green, thin, ovoid, rarely rounded, large, with a finely serrated margin. Stipules in the form of spikes bent downwards, with the help of which the liana clings to the bark of trees or the ground. The flowers are yellow-white, axillary, inconspicuous, 1-3 each on short peduncles. The fruit is a flattened, greenish-yellow capsule, seeds are yellow-brown, half surrounded by a reddish-brown seedling.

In GBS since 1964, 3 samples (6 copies) were obtained from the natural conditions of the Far East. Liana, at 14 years old, the length of the lash is 2.5 m. It grows from 9.V ± 5 to 7.X ± 9 for 151 days. In the first 3 years, the growth rate is average. Blossoms and bears fruit since 8 years. It blooms from 7.VI ± 5 no 16.VI19 for 9 days. Fruits ripen 6.X ± 10. Winter hardiness of seedlings is low, adult plants are average.

When collecting with. cleaned from the boxes, dried for 1 to 2 weeks and sown before winter. Dried and freed from aryllus c. can be stored up to 1 year at room temperature, slightly losing germination. Ground germination with. 68%, laboratory - up to 80%. S. need stratification for 3 to 5 months. Depth of c. 1.0 - 1.3 cm. When sowing stratified seeds in May, seedlings appear after a month. Rooted cuttings of 90% of the summer when treated with a 0.01% solution of IMC for 16 hours

Good as a groundcover in northern areas. Due to the fact that it hibernates under the snow, it does not freeze, it has a high shoot-forming ability. Requires rich soils with high humidity. As a groundcover culture forms a dense carpet. It can be used for decorating slopes and shores of water bodies.

Wrinkled wood - Celastrus rugosa

The Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow experienced a wrinkled wood pliers (C. rugosa) introduced from Western China, where it reaches a height of 6 m. In Moscow, at the age of nine it grows up to 4 m, blooms in early May from eight years of age, the fruits ripen in the middle October.

Bristle wood plier - Celastrus strigillosus Nakai

Homeland - Sakhalin, Japan. Grows in the woods. In the flora of the reserves is not indicated.

Liana up to 12 m high. Shoots are covered with small lentils. The leaves are elliptical or obovate, rather large, reach a length of 14 cm, bright green above, wrinkled from a network of depressed veins. The flowers are greenish, small, usually appear singly, sometimes bundled in the axils of the leaves. It blooms in June and July. Fruits are spherical capsules with a diameter of up to 7 mm, ripen in September and, when opened, reveal seeds with a red-orange seedling. Blossoms and bears fruit from 5-7 years. Grown south of St. Petersburg.

Since 1965, 5 samples (22 specimens) were brought into GBS by living plants from natural habitats, as well as plants from seed and vegetative GBS reproduction obtained from them. Liana, at 4 years old, height 2.3 m, at 10 years old - 5.0 m. Vegetation from mid-April to mid-October. Growing fast. Blossoms and bears fruit annually, from 10 years. It blooms in the second half of June, 10-12 days. The fruits ripen by early October. In winter, it partially freezes. Rooted 100% of summer cuttings.

Of the 8 species of the genus Celastrus tested in the open ground in the botanical garden of St. Petersburg, the longest existing in the collection is C. scandens L., first noted in manuscript catalogs in 1870-1879, and then re-introduced, probably in the late 1920s. XX century (1870-1879, until 1930-2005).

Probably in the 20s. of the last century appeared in the collection the most stable in the St. Petersburg climate C. orbiculata Thunb., Which from 1928 to 1938 was kept in a potted arboretum and simultaneously fructified in the park in 1934 (until 1930-2005). S. about. var. punctata (Thunb.) Makino (= C. punctata Thunb.) Was obtained in the mid-40s. from the Far East and in 1949 he was planted in the park (until 1948–1957– ?, 1928–1938 - a pot. arb.).

In 1949, tests began C. rosthorniana Loes. (1949-1985), in 1950 - C. flagellaris Rupr. (1950-2005, seeds obtained from the Primorsky Territory). In the 60-70's. collection of creepers replenished C. angulata Maxim. (1963-1973, 1988-1997) and C. strigillosa Nakai (1976-2005). During those same years, severe freezing was tested. C. paniculata Willd. However, more accurate information on the years of the presence of this species in the collection was not found. In 1995, the nursery was planted C. hypoleuca (Oliv.) Warb. (1995-1997, seeds obtained in 1991).

It should be noted that the collection of woody vines in the park was created in the 40s and 70s. A. G. Golovach, but, unfortunately, there are no materials on the history of its creation. One can only assume that a greater number of species were tested than recorded by us according to the nursery and published information.

Location: for planting, it is better to choose illuminated places, but the liana is not oppressed even in partial shade.

Celastrus orbiculata
Photo of Tkachenko Kirill

The soil: prepared from a mixture of humus with turf or leafy soil, taken in equal parts. It grows well in fertile loose loamy and loamy soils.

Landing: the distance between plants is 0.8 - 1.0 m. Seedlings are best taken root at the age of two to three years. Adult plants need powerful supports 10 to 12 m high. The dimensions of the planting pit are 50 x 50 x 60 cm. The plants tolerate transplanting and planting well in spring and autumn. Drainage with a layer of 20 - 25 cm of broken brick, gravel and sand is laid on the bottom of the pit. Strong deepening of the root neck is not recommended.

Care: Kemir wagon is applied in the spring at the rate of 100 -120 g per 1 m 2, it is planted in the soil and must be watered. Three times watering (in June - August) of 15 - 20 liters per plant. Loosen the soil at the same time as weeding to a depth of 15 cm. After planting, the trunk circle is mulched with peat or sawdust with a layer of up to 7 cm. In February, weak shoots can be removed and the ends of the main branches cut. If necessary, the crown is diluted and dried shoots are removed in the summer, sometimes they are cut off severely to reduce growth activity. The wood pliers are disease resistant. Almost not affected by pests. It is frost-resistant. Winters without shelter. If the annual shoots of young plants are frozen in harsh winters, then in the spring they grow quickly. Mulching with peat after planting in winter preserves the roots from freezing.

Reproduction: seeds and root cuttings, satisfactory - green, more difficult woody segments of shoots. The seeds of the wood pliers can be sown both in autumn, immediately after harvest, and in spring, at the end of April. For spring sowing, seeds are stratified for two months at a temperature of 2-5 ° C or kept for a short time (within a month) in moist sand at room temperature. Shoots appear in May, and by autumn, seedlings reach 80 cm in height. Young plants in the first three years of life often freeze and die, so it is advisable to shelter them for the winter. With age, seedlings become more frost-resistant. The first flowering occurs in the seventh to eighth year. Plants tolerate transplant both in spring and autumn. When the pliers propagate by root cuttings, spring cut sections of roots about 7 cm long, 3 to 7 mm thick and plant obliquely, immersing the whole soil. Roots and shoots form in 30–35 days. Semi-lignified shoots are suitable for harvesting green cuttings. An influx of green cuttings is formed on the sixth day after planting, the roots - after a month and a half. For the winter, plants from cuttings are sheltered. The wood pliers are propagated with lignified cuttings: in autumn, shoots are cut into pieces, four to eight buds each, and planted obliquely in boxes. By spring, many of them form an influx; by the end of June, roots also appear. Since the root system does not develop in all cuttings at the same time, during the first wintering, most of them die. It is possible to propagate plants of a pliers with layering. In this case, for faster root formation, bent shoots need to be cut or ringed at the base with wire. With any methods of vegetative propagation, the pliers begin to bloom and bear fruit in the third or fourth year.

Plant description

The wood pliers belongs to the Bereskletov family, has about 30 species, is a perennial lianike plant.

The wood pliers belongs to the Bereskletov family, has about 30 species, is a perennial lianike plant.

In nature, the stem of the wood pliers reaches 10 - 14 m. In culture, the stem of the shortest vine, not more than 7 m, belongs to the US or American wood pliers.

The stalk of young shoots is green, smooth, with time the trunk thickens, coarsens, cracks, darkens, acquires a gray-brown color.

The leaves are simple, rounded, no more than 8 cm in length, arranged in turn. Some species have dense foliage, others less leafy. Depending on the season, the color of the leaves changes: in spring - green, dark green, in autumn - the color varies in different shades of yellow.Deciduous plant, with the first frost, discards foliage.

The flowers are fragrant, small, nondescript, pale yellow, collected in panicled inflorescences of the cuttings of leaves. The flower blooming period is June - July, the duration of flowering is not more than seven days.

The ability to produce flowers appears in a plant from the age of five. The wood pliers are a heterosexual plant, for example, the variety Diana carries female flowers, and the round-leaved variety Hercules has male flowers.

During leaf fall, instead of flowers, seeds are formed that look like a ball covered with a thin husk. At the time of ripening, the shell cracks into three wings, inside there is a bright red round seedling. Unpretentious to the soil.

Photophilous, but also in the shadow is able to develop. For this quality is actively used in landscape design. The use of a wood pliers in the Moscow region is gaining popularity when decorating the facades of houses, various buildings.

Species and varieties

On the territory of Russia under natural conditions you can meet only three representatives of the wood pliers - climbing, brush-like, round-leaved. Species vary in appearance, shape, growing conditions. A wood plier can be a decorative tree and shrub. In culture, a climbing pliers with abundant dense foliage, a pliers-like pliers, which are demanding on watering and soil composition, are most often found.

Wood plier decorative liana

On average, pliers creepers stretch from 7 to 15 m. All representatives of pliers belong to ornamental plants with clinging climbing vines. The trunk stiffens over time, becoming like the trunk of a young tree. Abundant flowering and ripening of the seed capsule occurs annually, starting from 5 - 7 years.

Brush wood

One of the most beautiful vines of all types of wood pliers. Liana is up to 12 m long, the diameter of an adult liana is up to 6 cm. By the age of ten it is extended by 5 m. A dark brown trunk with a bark in the form of scales.

Leaves stretched up to 14 cm in length, bright green, sinewy, from which they look wrinkled. In September, the leaves change color to yellow, in October they completely fall off.

Flowers appear in June - July, singly or in groups from the bases of the leaves. The buds are small, inconspicuous, greenish-white.

Fruits in 10 years. In autumn, spherical orange-red fruits no more than 7 mm in diameter appear.

Wood pliers

Liana with dense, densely growing foliage, forming a wide (up to 2 - 3 m) crown. The round-toed pliers grow very quickly, reaching a length of 10 - 12 m. It is frost-resistant.

The trunk of young shoots is greenish, in older adults the trunk is stiff, cracked, dark brown.

Leaves in the shape of a poplar or linden, glossy, dense, slightly elongated, rounded, pointed at the end. The upper side is bright, dark green in color, the lower side is paler. During leaf fall, the leaves change color to yellow-orange.

Having reached the age of 5 years, the liana begins to bloom inconspicuous, small, pale green flowers collected in panicled inflorescences. The flowering period is mid-June, lasting two weeks.

In the autumn, small, not more than 6 mm in diameter, yellow balls appear - fruits that hold on the vine until spring.

Red Bubbler Wood

Growing a red bubble or wood pliers is not difficult and does not require special conditions. When planting, you should determine the place along the fences, walls, near old dry trees, since nearby growing green spaces can soon be subjected to an aggressive “attack”.

For cultivation, it is preferable to choose loose fertilized soil.

The liana does not need frequent dressing - once a year, in the spring, it is enough to apply organic fertilizer.

She has a great winter and does not need covering material.

Climbing pliers

The scyphoid liana grows in length to 10 - 12 m. It is mainly used as a creeping plant. A characteristic feature is that shoots can take root quickly.

The young shoot has a green stem, after one year it is red-brown, darkens over time and becomes dark brown.

The leaves are light green, wide, rounded, up to 8 - 10 cm in length, with finely serrated edges, turn yellow in autumn. In October, the leaves fall completely. Stipules are bent, resembling hooks or spikes, with the help of which a liana climbs onto walls, trees, holds onto soil and stones.

A lash-shaped pliers bloom in July and for only one week, flowers on short stems, collected in paniculate inflorescences, small, nondescript, pale yellow, sprout several pieces from leaf axils. In September, a pale yellow seed box with a greenish tint forms in the form of a flattened sphere of not more than 6 mm in diameter. After ripening, red berries appear under the open leaves. It begins to bloom and bear fruit from the age of eight.

For good growth and development requires a well-fertilized, moist soil.

Rules for caring for a pliers

Decorative creepers can withstand severe frosts, the scorching sun, dry and humid air. In very dry sultry weather, plants should be watered abundantly, and it is necessary to add a sufficiently large amount of water at a time. Every summer month watered once, the amount of water should be at least 20 liters.

The best growth and development is observed in vines growing in sunny areas.

After planting the climbing bite-nose, care is not required. The main thing, if the plant is meant as a creep, is to provide a support along which the creeper will soon creep. Otherwise, the pliers will spread along the ground. Young shoots in the first winters recommend shelter. Sprinkle the ground near the trunk with sawdust, which allows you to save moisture and protect the roots from freezing. Periodically, the earth is loosened and weeds are harvested.

Growing

Decorative liana, while ensuring favorable growing conditions, is able to stretch for 1 m per year. For the winter, young shoots are covered so that they are not beaten by frost.

style = "text-align: center,"> Diseases and Pests

The plant is resistant to attack by pests and various diseases.

Reproduction and transplantation

Two methods of reproduction: by seed and vegetatively. Variant propagation options for the vegetative method: layering, root cuttings, cuttings from the adult trunk, root shoots.

When propagated by cuttings, woody shoots are divided into parts of 6-8 buds each. You can use vegetative propagation in any season. If the cutting of cuttings was in the spring - in the summer, they are planted in open ground, if in the fall - in the winter, then they are planted in a container with the ground. The roots of the cuttings appear after a month and a half.

Propagation by root cuttings is carried out in early spring or autumn. In an adult, creepers dig in the roots and divide them into cuttings 10 cm long. For this method, roots of at least 8 mm in diameter are suitable. Root cuttings obtained in the fall are put in a sandbox and left in a cool room until spring.

Seeds collected in the fall are planted immediately in the ground. Before spring planting, stratification is carried out, that is, for about 2 months the seeds are kept in the refrigerator or in moist, loose sandy soil for a month.

Landing pliers

Root cuttings are immersed completely in open ground, sprinkled with organic fertilizer. Until the emergence of young shoots (after a month), watering is carried out regularly. At the age of 2-3 years, shoots are planted in a constant place of growth.

Propagation of vines by cuttings allows you to get flowering and fruiting plants in three to four years.

When propagated by seeds, the latter are planted in open ground to a depth of 2 cm in April. Sprouts appear in late spring, stretch to frost up to 1 m. The vine begins to bloom and bear fruit from the seeds after seven years of age.

How to plant a pliers

Young vines are planted at a distance of 1 m from each other, since the pliers will quickly give abundant branches and dense foliage. The creeper support should be installed close so that it is convenient for a young tree to climb it.

It is not recommended to plant a plant next to fruit trees and other plantings, since a liana can “strangle” a tree over time and cause its death.

Technology of planting wood pliers

Red bubble refers to unpretentious plants.

It grows on different soils, garden soil is best suited.

All parts of the plant are poisonous to humans, after work you need to wash your hands.

It should be explained to children that bright fruits are inedible and dangerous.

Choose a landing place

Liana grows more intensively in open areas. Shaded areas will affect both the growth rate and the color of foliage.

It is advisable to plant a pliers near the arbors or fence.

In open spaces, a strong support is built for the seedling.

Time

Two-year-old seedlings take root well both in spring and in autumn. At the beginning of the season, work is carried out before budding.

In autumn, you need to have time to plant plants before severe frosts occur.

Where distributed

The genus has about 30 species. In the natural environment, they are common in America, Australia, and the Far East. The wood pliers can be found in mixed forests, bushes, along the steep banks of rivers and ponds.

Wood pliers - the name sounds a little scary. The plant is really capable of destroying the tree: the stalks encircle the trunk, dig into it with hooks, over time, the tree dies. Therefore, it is important to choose the right place for landing on the site. Liana is tenacious, unpretentious in care, is used for decorating fences, arbors, verandas.

Angular wood pliers Maxim Celastrus angulatus Maxim photo

During flowering, which starts in June-July, fragrant panicles bloom. Flowers are not very decorative: small, greenish tint. Fruits give a special charm: the plant is strewn with greenish balls, as they ripen, they open. Against the background of still green leaves, red berries flaunt with dry yellowish stipules. They stay on the plant almost all winter, inedible. Due to the appearance of fruiting, the people call the plant a red bubble. Flowering occurs around the 5th year of growth.

Note that only female species of creepers bear fruit. In order to enjoy the bright colors of fruits in the fall, both a female and a male plant for pollination must be present on the site.

The red bubble is grown from seeds or propagated vegetatively (rooting of cuttings, layering, basal processes).

Vegetative propagation of a pliers

  1. Best plant propagated by cuttings from green shoots.

I cut them in the spring. The length of the handle should be (about 7 cm). Treat growth stimulants, root in a sand-peat mixture (the stalk is placed vertically), cover with a glass jar or a cut plastic bottle from above. The roots will appear in about 1.5 months.

  1. Cuttings from woody shoots are cut in the fall.

This method is less productive. In the winter, a container with cuttings is sent to a cool room (for example, a basement). The roots will appear around June - transplant into the open ground in the fall.

  1. Root cuttings are cut in the spring.

They should be about 7 cm long, have growth buds. Immerse completely in the soil, placing horizontally. Roots will appear in about a month.

You can propagate the vine by layering. To do this, bend the shoot to the ground in spring, fix it with a bracket, make a shallow incision, sprinkle with earth on top, water well. After a few months, a process will appear, it is better to separate from the mother plant in the spring.

Liana gives a large number of basal processes - carefully dig them out and transplant.

How to plant a pliers in the garden

Planting seedlings in open ground can be carried out both in spring and autumn. The highest degree of survival are seedlings aged 2-3 years. Dig out the landing pits 30 to 30 cm, the depth is about 10 cm more than the root system for laying the drainage. Place the seedling in the planting hole, straighten the roots, cover the soil with half, pour, fill the earth, squeeze the palms around the trunk. When planting, you can slightly deepen the root neck. Mulch the surface of the soil with sawdust or peat (layer thickness of about 7 cm). Between individual plants adhere to a distance of 80-100 cm.

Plant a plant along buildings, hedges or create a special support.

The pliers are resistant to drought. Adult plants are satisfied with precipitation, in the summer they shed about 1 time per month, bringing 15-20 liters of water under each plant. Young plants spill a little more often for successful rooting.

After watering, loosen the soil in the near-stem circle well.

In the early spring (before the sap flow) sanitary pruning is performed: remove damaged, frozen and weak shoots. During the growing season, a light forming pruning is carried out: the crown is thinned out, shoots that are knocked out of the general form are removed. Be careful: all parts of the plant are poisonous, avoid getting the plant juice on the skin and mucous membranes.

Red bubble is enough to feed 2-3 times a season. In the spring and summer, place the granules of complex mineral fertilizers in the near-stem circle, close them to a depth of about 15 cm, pour. In the fall, make phosphorus-potassium top dressing in the same way.

Climbing or climbing wood, American Celastrus scandens

Climbing or climbing wood, American Celastrus scandens photo

The most popular species in gardening, often grown without support in the creeping form. The braid-like liana reaches a length of 10-12 m. The leaf plates are rounded at the base, the tips are pointed, the light green color changes to yellow in autumn. Flowering begins in June and lasts about 25 days, the flowers are small, yellowish in color. The greenish globular fruits ripen to red by October.

Lash-and-wood pliers Celastrus flagellaris

Wood plier whip or whip Celastrus flagellaris photo

Used as a groundcover, grows well in the northern regions. The lashes extend approximately 10 m in length. Ovate leaf plates with serrated edges.

Angular wood pliers Celastrus angulatus

Angular wood pliers Celastrus angulatus photo

If there is a support, it climbs to a height of up to 7 m or is scattered by a bush up to 6 m wide. It has very large leaf plates: 18 cm long and up to 14 cm wide, with a wide elliptical shape. It blooms in May, even in September, boxes are opened.

Description of the pliers

It is a fast-growing vine, deciduous and evergreen. This is a very large species of this plant, reaches a length of 12-18 meters. The stems of the creeper cling to any support, braiding it and each other. In the upper part of the plant, a strongly branched crown is formed, in diameter it reaches 3 meters. If there are no supports, the circular pliers (Celastrus orbiculatus) will spread along the ground, forming huge impenetrable thickets with their branches. The stems of adult plants are usually 1 to 4 cm in diameter. Shoots can be long and curly. There are quite few leaves on them, but on short and straight shoots of leaves there are a lot.

The bark of the stems is dark, with deep longitudinal cracks. The young shoots of the wood pliers first have a green color, and then they become orange-red or brownish-brown. The creeper wood is solid whitish-yellow, with a brown core in the middle.

The round-leaved wood-cutter has leaves that are dense, bright green, rounded and oblong with a pointed tip of 5-10 cm in length and the same size in width. In autumn, the foliage acquires a bright yellow-orange color.

The woody liana blooms in June and July with nondescript greenish (whitish or pinkish) flowers. 8 days after the start, fruits are formed in the shape of a spherical box. It was at this time - during the fruiting period - that the unpretentious vine was especially effective and good.

At the end of August, the boxes turn bright yellow. And then they open in a very unusual way - with three wings. They hang on long stalks and show bright red fleshy seeds. They do not crumble even in winter and stand out beautifully among the snowy branches. Because of these seeds, the pliers have another name - the red bubble. Each box has 3 seeds. By the way, the seeds have germinated for 3 years. The fruits of the wood-cutter are eaten with pleasure by birds in the autumn-winter period. Liana grows fast enough - from 1 to 5 meters per year.

When a pliers blooms and bears fruit

Angular wood pliers Maxim Celastrus angulatus Maxim photo

During flowering, which starts in June-July, fragrant panicles bloom. Flowers are not very decorative: small, greenish tint. Fruits give a special charm: the plant is strewn with greenish balls, as they ripen, they open.

Against the background of still green leaves, red berries flaunt with dry yellowish stipules. They stay on the plant almost all winter, inedible. Due to the appearance of fruiting, the people call the plant a red bubble.

Flowering occurs around the 5th year of growth.

Note that only female species of creepers bear fruit. In order to enjoy the bright colors of fruits in the fall, both a female and a male plant for pollination must be present on the site.

Choosing a site for planting a red bubble

Round wood pliers Hercules Celastrus orbiculatus photo

Liana grows equally well in an open sunny area and in shading.

Any soil is suitable for growing, but it is better for the plant to develop in fertile loose soil.

Preliminarily (about 1 month before planting), under digging, add humus, sheet soil and some sand for drainage.

Caring for the wood pliers

The pliers are resistant to drought. Adult plants are satisfied with precipitation, in the summer they shed about 1 time per month, bringing 15-20 liters of water under each plant. Young plants spill a little more often for successful rooting.

After watering, loosen the soil in the near-stem circle well.

In the early spring (before the sap flow) sanitary pruning is performed: remove damaged, frozen and weak shoots. During the growing season, a light forming pruning is carried out: the crown is thinned out, shoots that are knocked out of the general form are removed. Be careful: all parts of the plant are poisonous, avoid getting the plant juice on the skin and mucous membranes.

Red bubble is enough to feed 2-3 times a season. In the spring and summer, place the granules of complex mineral fertilizers in the near-stem circle, close them to a depth of about 15 cm, pour. In the fall, make phosphorus-potassium top dressing in the same way.

Winter hardiness of the pliers and wintering in the middle lane

Adult plants do not need shelter for the winter: cutaway shoots are pruned, young shoots quickly replace them. For prevention, mulch the trunks with peat.

Young creepers (under 3 years old, as well as rooting cuttings) should be covered for the winter. Be sure to mulch the soil with peat, cover with a spruce top.

Wood plier: photo and description, care, features of growing, reviews

The photo and description of the wood pliers will help gardeners choose the desired variety. This exotic plant is perennial, it resembles a vine. As a rule, it grows in the tropics and subtropics.

This name was obtained not in vain: this is due to the fact that the plant eats other trees, as a result of which it destroys them.

In most cases, a wood plier is used to design arbors and walls of buildings.

Advice! Before planting vines, it is worth considering that other plants located nearby will die after some time.

Popular views

In Russia, under natural conditions, only a few types of wood pliers can grow: red bubble, round-leaved, brush-shaped, climbing. These species have a large number of differences in shape, appearance, growing conditions, decorativeness. Plants with dense foliage and unpretentious are especially popular.

Attention! Round vines are able to withstand low temperature conditions, as a result of which they are used as landscaping in the subtropics.

The vines of this type of foliage are quite thick, dense, sprawling crown can reach a width of up to 3 m. The wood pliers grow quickly enough, the length of the liana can reach 12 m. The main advantage is resistance to low temperatures.

In a young plant, the trunk has a green tint; over time, the color changes to dark brown. The leaves are elongated, oval, with small peaks at the ends. During leaf fall, green turns to orange.

At the age of 5 years, the flowering process begins, it lasts no more than 2 weeks. In autumn, you can see small yellow fruits. To appreciate the beauty of the vines, just look at the photo of the pliers.

How to get rid of a wood pliers

If the pliers are tired and there is a need to get rid of it, then you need to initially cut the vines, remove them from the supports and dig out the root system.

It is worthwhile to understand that it can go deep into the ground and digging it up will be quite difficult. In this case, you can use chemicals that completely burn the roots.

You can find such drugs in specialized stores.

Reviews about the wood pliers

Natalya Ivanova, 54 years old, Moscow

I have a small corner in my country house where we like to gather as a family. Everything seems to be fine, but the soul requires beauty. I thought for a long time to plant this, I was about to plant grapes, but a neighbor advised a pliers.

I immediately warned that if there are other trees nearby, then they will die. I had nothing to fear, since there is nothing other than greenhouses on the site. She looked after creepers, although they said that it was not necessary.

The plants grew very quickly, wrapped around all the supports, looks great.

Nikolay Litvinov, 34 years old, Nizhny Novgorod

Recently, my wood pliers turned 10 years old, I’m not at all overjoyed, I really like it. Vines braided the supports of the gazebo, fences at the balcony. Most of all I like the way the creepers creep along the trellis and wrap it around it. In autumn, the plot is filled with bright colors from the foliage. Unfortunately, I have not yet seen the fruits, but I do not lose hope, maybe just the time has not come.

Conclusion

The photo and description of the pliers show how beautiful the creepers are. Increasingly, they are used in landscape design for registration of land. In this case, it is worth knowing that the juice of plants is poisonous, you must follow the precautionary rules. The main thing is not to plant plants near other trees, as they can die.

Climbing wood pliers Diana: planting and care at home

One of the most beautiful exotic plants is a wood pliers. And although its name sounds frightening and menacing, it is an attractive vine that does not need special care and freely takes root in any conditions.

The presence of a red bubble (second name) on the site becomes a beautiful addition to landscape design and emphasizes the taste of the owners of the territory.

Description and specifications

When it comes to decorating a home garden, gardeners and summer residents are willing to spend a lot of time to find effective solutions. In the search for luxurious exotic plants, they pay attention to curly vines, which beautifully complement the garden design and improve its decorativeness. Among the most amazing cultures is the red bubble.

The wood pliers refers to large ligneous shrubs, or vines, from a large family of euonymous. Its genus includes about 30 unique species, including evergreens.

The country of origin is unknown, while the plant itself is found everywhere in the Far East, Australia and America, and it is also found in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories. When choosing a place of residence, the pliers prefers mixed forests, shrubs and steep banks of rivers and reservoirs. The popular name for the shrub is the red bubble.

As for the main menacing name “wood pliers”, it explains incredibly aggressive plant lifestyle. If you plant it at a small distance from other plants, then soon it will lead to their death. Liana grows rapidly and wraps around tree trunks spiraling counterclockwise, quickly reaching the crown.

The main damage is caused by sharp spikes of the wood pliers, which literally stick into the trunk of the “victim”, as a result of which it ceases to grow fully and dies with time.

Due to its unique appearance, the pliers belongs to valuable decorative cultures, which is widely used in the design of gardens and landscape designs. Outward features are represented by shoots - long ligneous and short with abundant foliage. Under appropriate conditions, the vine grows to 12 meters in height. Its leaves are regular, with a yellow color in the autumn.

Planting boxwood and caring for it in the open ground

Small flowers form small panicles, but do not represent decorative value.

During fruit ripening, orange spherical capsules appear on the crown. This usually happens in early September.

All parts of the plant contain toxic substancestherefore contact with them can lead to negative consequences.

Main varieties

In the world there are many varieties of this exotic creeper. One of the most common is the climbing pliers Diana, whose planting and care will be discussed below.

Under natural conditions, the plant can grow up to seven meters in height, with strong mature shoots. Petiole leaves are characterized by a pointed shape in the upper part and rounded in the lower.

In the summer, they get light green hues, and in the fall - yellow, after which they begin to fall. Yellow-white branches do not represent decorative value and begin to bloom in June.

The main "highlight" of the appearance of the pliers are its colorful fruits, which are represented by small yellow boxes. With the advent of winter colds, these boxes continue to hang on the tree, decorating it in every way.

And also the round-leaved species is in special demand. Its height can reach 12 meters, although this is not the case with home growing, which is explained by trimming. The round-leaved wood pliers have a very magnificent crown and large-diameter creeping stems. Mature stems are covered with rough brown bark with a cracking surface.

As for the leaf plates, they have an ovoid and pointed shape. Their size reaches 10 centimeters. In summer, the leaves are painted in a glossy dark green hue, and in the fall they acquire a bright yellow color. Greenish flowers form shields.

Among the most popular varieties that are used for home growing, it should be noted:

  1. Round-leaved pliers Diana - is a decorative variety of a female plant, which is characterized by abundant fruiting and incredibly beautiful appearance. Of the shortcomings highlight the need to conduct seasonal pollination.
  2. Hercules is a representative of the male non-fertile form, which plays a decorative role and is used for landscaping.
  3. Lash-like wood plier - belongs to the group of decorative vines, the height of which reaches 10 meters. Mature stems have a reddish-brown color, and newly growing ones are green. The leaves have an ovoid shape and a light green hue. Small flowers differ in a yellowish tint and form a shield of 1-3 copies. At the initial stage of development, the fruits acquire a greenish tone, and as they ripen, they become bright orange. The culture can be grown in cold regions, because it demonstrates good frost resistance.

Goathouse: where grass grows, plant properties

Landing and care

If you want to engage in the cultivation of wood pliers at home, you need to know about the basic requirements for planting a plant and caring for it. The first step is to determine the place where the culture will be planted.

As you know, it perfectly survives in spacious areas, in partial shade and with complete shade. It is best to grow a vine near fences, arbors and other structures that it will use as a support.

As already mentioned above, you can not plant a plant near fruit trees and other ornamental plants, because this can lead to their death.

Regarding soil composition, then in this regard, the pliers do not make high demands.

It grows well on almost any soil, although the best development indicators are observed when using loose fertile loam and sandy loam soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.

Before planting the crop in open ground, it must be fed with humus and leafy soil.

When planting seedlings, it is necessary to observe a distance between them of about 1 meter. The procedure is preferably performed in early spring or autumn.

The dimensions of the landing pit should be up to 60 centimeters of depth and 50 centimeters in diameter. The main layer of earth, which is located at the bottom, must be drainage.

The root neck is slightly deepened, and immediately after planting, the trunk circle is mulched.

Adult plants are characterized by good drought tolerance, but young ones need three times watering in the summer.

At least 15-20 liters of water are poured under one bush, after which the near-trunk zone is thoroughly loosened.

When performing these works, it is important to remember about cleaning the soil from weed plantings, which often inhibit the vine. Timely weed removal is the key to productive crop growth.

Pruning and feeding

Trimming work begins in February, before the juice begins to move. During this period, one sanitary pruning is carried out, during which the removal of weak, rotten or damaged shoots is carried out. At the vegetation stage, pruning is possible to form a bush or thin out a dense crown.

Experienced gardeners recommend cutting individual shoots to the ground, because in one year they will again grow to one meter.

Another important point in the care of the vine is root prophylaxiswhich is carried out by mulching the soil with peat. Due to good frost resistance, the pliers do not need shelter for the winter.

Hypocytosis: care and reproduction at home
In the warm season, in spring and summer, the right amount of dry complex fertilizers is poured under the vine. They need to be placed to a depth of 15 centimeters, after which the soil is thoroughly watered. With the advent of autumn, you can feed the plant with compounds based on potassium and phosphorus.

If we talk about diseases and pests, then they are practically not afraid of the wood pliers. The culture has a fairly developed immune system, which helps it fight all sorts of misfortunes and maintain its incredible attractiveness.

Breeding methods

Due to the special beauty and unpretentiousness in the care, growing a wood pliers at home is of interest to many owners of private houses and personal plots. To successfully plant a crop, you need to know about the main methods of reproduction. Today it is propagated:

  1. The seeds.
  2. Cuttings of the root system.

And also considered is the option of propagation by cuttings from green and woody shoots. Harvesting of planting material is carried out in the spring, after which the shoots are placed in a container of wet sand for germination.

If everything went well, then after a month and a half, the cuttings will have their own roots. As for the woody shoots, it is customary to cut them in the autumn, and then transfer to a dark, cool room for the winter. The first root elements should germinate only by July.

Due to the low survival rate, this method is not popular and is used very rarely.

After seasonal collection of seeds in the fall, they need to be dried for 3 weeks, and then placed in open ground. If planting is carried out in the spring, then the seeds are stratified for two months or kept in pots with wet sand for one month.

With a successful planting, in the first year the plant will grow to 80-100 centimeters.

As you know, annual plants cope poorly with the effects of frost, so they need to be protected with special shelters.

Over time, the culture develops immunity, as a result of which it ceases to be afraid of the cold. The first flowering elements will appear only in the seventh year, when it comes to seed reproduction.

Flycatcher plant: description and characteristics of a predator flower

For propagation by root cuttings, suitable roots need to be cut into small segments of 7-10 centimeters, and then completely deepened into the ground, placing at a certain angle.

If the procedure was successful, then after a month a healthy root system will form from the cuttings. Soon, the liana forms a plentiful rhizome, which will not be afraid of frequent transplants.

When propagated by cuttings, flowering will begin in 3-4 years of life.

Decorative value

Currently, the pliers is a colorful ornamental plant that is actively used to decorate arbors, arches and other structures in the garden.

If you look at examples of such designs, they look amazing. The created compositions emphasize the high taste of the owners of the site and improve its appearance.

Among other decorative destinations, the following points should be highlighted:

  1. Some varieties look great as ground cover plants, so as they grow, they turn into a lush green carpet. The planting of a climbing pliers is carried out on the slopes of rivers and small reservoirs, performing there a decorative and strengthening role to prevent erosion of the banks.
  2. Gardeners often plant culture on flower beds, which turns them into a high-quality green background for bright multi-colored plantings. From sprigs of creepers having scarlet berries, excellent wreaths, Christmas bouquets and floral arrangements are created. With the advent of autumn, green foliage acquires a golden orange hue.

It is not difficult to grow an exotic vine in your country house or in the garden. The plant is considered unpretentious and resistant to any influences, while the content requirements are minimal. The main thing is to carry out planting, watering, pruning and top dressing in time, and nature will do the rest.

Without a doubt, Diana wood-pliers is one of the most colorful representatives of a kind that deserves special attention of all gardeners. If you correctly approach the main points of care, then in a short time it will be possible to grow an amazing culture that can transform a summer cottage beyond recognition.

How to plant and care for a wood pliers in the garden, photo varieties with a description

Perennial creepers allow you to combine architectural elements and plant material in landscape design.

They seem to cover the walls, arches, gazebos and outbuildings with thick carpet.

The red bubble or wood plier is a vigorous vine that quickly braids the garden.

It is valued not only for its unpretentiousness, but also for decorative fruits. Red juicy boxes look elegant against the background of yellow wings.

Tree liana propagation

The plant propagates both by seeds and by cuttings. Seeds can be sown immediately after their ripening in the fall. Spring (April) is also a wonderful time to plant a circular pliers. Plant growth is as follows. Seeds before spring planting are quenched for 2 months at a temperature of 2-5 degrees or kept in wet sand for 30 days. Seedlings already begin to emerge in May, by autumn, seedlings will reach a height of about 80 cm.

The first 3 years are the most dangerous for young plants. So that they do not freeze, seedlings must be sheltered from severe frosts. For the first time, a wood-plaster blooms only at 7 years old. Cuttings of vines are carried out in early spring. Semi-lignified shoots are suitable for cuttings. Cuttings 7 cm long are planted at an angle to the soil as a whole. After a month, the first shoots and roots appear. In winter, young plants also need to be sheltered.

Seedlings in the nursery are grown for 4 years, then sold. If there was a desire to buy a round-leaved pliers, it is best to choose a plant grown in a trusted nursery. After 4 years, this plant will already bloom.

If seedlings are planted in a row, then the distance between them should be about 1 meter. The soil is prepared as follows. Drainage is pouring at the bottom of the pit - sand, gravel, karamzit. Nutrient soil is then poured.

Liana loves loose soil. Therefore, the ground under it must be regularly loosened. In spring, the plant can be fertilized. In summer, in dry weather, the round-leaved pliers require plentiful watering. When planting this plant, you must immediately take care of its support.

The pliers can grow on any soil, also on dry. It will be better if the plant is planted in “poor” soil, since it grows very much on fertile lands. The tree-like liana also perfectly adapts to acid soil.

Some features of the pliers

The plant of wood-pliers is a dioecious species of vines. In order for them to please the eye all year round, it is necessary to acquire several seedlings, for example:

  • 2 plants - a pliers round-leaved Diana - this is a female species.
  • 1 plant - a wood plier Hercules - a male tree.

Female species of vines will delight in the fall with their beautiful fruits. Trees actively bear fruit only if there is a “male individual” nearby. After all, only she is able to pollinate female flowers. On the male tree, no fruit is formed. It is clear that if only one female species is present, then they will not have fruit. And vice versa, if the round-headed Hercules, that is, the male type liana, is purchased, then you will not wait for colorful fruits. Be sure to have male and female individuals of this plant, then in the fall you will enjoy an abundance of colors. Although if vines are used only for landscaping, then do not bother about this. Just fruit-bearing wood pliers are more decorative and look spectacular.

Today, the pliers are not very popular in our gardens, but their demand is gradually growing. It is advisable to purchase a plant in a nursery and avoid buying plants of unknown origin.

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Landscape design

Most species and varieties are used in landscaping buildings and decorative structures.

The pliers will quickly braid pergolas, arches, trellises. It will protect arbors and benches from the bright light, turn the fence into a real hedge.

The whisker-like view well strengthens the slopes, ravines and shores of artificial reservoirs.

Do not use liana in compositions. She will twist and strangle stunted bushes and young trees.

Wood pliers: planting and care in the open ground, growing from seeds

Wood-pliers (Celastrus) - an unusually beautiful and original perennial creeper from the Bereskletovye family. There are about 30 different species of this plant. The wood pliers are only suitable for a garden where there are no large trees, especially fruit trees.

Since this liana is characterized by increased aggressiveness towards its neighbors, it gradually encircles and uses their vitality, thereby preventing the trees from fully growing and developing, and sometimes leads to their complete death. But still, some gardeners take the risk and plant a pliers in their gardens to decorate various buildings. This article will talk in detail about how to plant, grow and properly care for a wood pliers.

Watering

Decorative creepers do not need constant watering. It is enough to water an adult plant once a month. Young seedlings need watering a little more often - once a week.

This will allow them to take root and recover better after planting. in rainy summers, watering is not needed at all, the moisture provided by the rains is enough.

After each watering, it is imperative to carefully loosen the soil around the plant.

Fertilizers and fertilizers

As for fertilizers, they must be applied at least three times per season. First, organic fertilizers are applied immediately before planting seedlings.

Then, during the period of active growth, it is necessary to fertilize with a complex of balanced mineral fertilizers, which is specially designed for garden plants.

In early autumn, feed the wood pliers with fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. All fertilizers must be applied exclusively under the root of the plant.

Wintering

The wood pliers are very cold-resistant and do not need special shelter for the winter, it is enough to mulch the soil around the plant with peat, sawdust or dry foliage. Young seedlings that are not yet three years old, it is best to shelter for the winter, as they have not yet fully strengthened and can not tolerate frosts.

Wood pliers

Propagation by cuttings. If cuttings are planned to be cut from young shoots, then cutting must be carried out in the spring. The length of the cuttings should be at least 10 cm.

The finished stalk needs to be treated with a mixture that is specially designed to stimulate growth. As for the soil, peat soil is great. After planting, you need to cover the handle with a jar.

After about 1.5 months, the roots will appear in the stem.

Cuttings from adult lashes are best cut in the fall. Cuttings need to remove the container and place it in a cool place. Such cuttings will germinate only in June.

Root cutting of cuttings is made in the spring. Such cuttings should be at least 10 cm and have at least two living kidneys. Sliced ​​cuttings must be placed in the soil and watered abundantly. Roots will appear within a month.

Landscaping Woodcutter

Decorative creepers are grown to decorate both vertical supports and horizontal ones. Liana grows a good thick carpet that covers the soil and garden structures. The type of wood pliers must be selected individually, based on the climate in which the decorative plant will grow, what height it needs to be given and for what purposes it is planted.

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