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Clematis purple

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According to the results of surveys of various collections in the CIS, clematis borschovolistny and its f. David, K. Gournana, K. forest (in the south can be affected by powdery mildew), k, paniculate, K. pilchifolia, K. direct and its forms, k, gray, K. Tangut, K. purple and its forms, K. whole-leafed, to. six-petalled. For areas with a dry and hot climate, they are most suitable for grapevine, K. virgin, K. eastern, K. ligustifolia and some others.

Clematis fauriei
Photo by Voronina Svetlana

For the Central Black Earth Region, non-chernozem zone, northwestern regions, Siberia and the Far East, in addition to the above, Alpine, K. Brown, K. Hot (especially for the more southern regions), K. Chinese, K. Bell-flowered, K. short-tailed, K. coarse-grained, K. Okhotsky and others, and for the southeastern regions also K. Dzhungarsky and K. Isfagansky. In places with a mild, cool and humid climate, one should experience the Manchu K., the Reder, the Fargeza.

The proposed zoning certainly needs further clarification of the range of species and forms offered for each zone. The following are descriptions of the most promising species clematis. for southern areas, as well as for central Russia and to the north.

K. alpine (Clematis alpina (L.) Mill. =Atragene alpina L.)
K. hogweed (C. heracleifolia).

Homeland: East China, Korean Peninsula. It has several forms and varieties. For decorative gardening (gardening) and selection, C. heracleifolia is of particular interest. DC. v. davidiana Hemsl. (C. davidiana Decne) - to. David.

Erect shrub 0.5-1 m tall. The leaves are triple with large leathery leaves, up to 6-15 cm long, serrated along the edge. The flowers are tubular, hyacinth-like, with a pleasant smell, collected in bunches in the axils of the leaves. Four sepals, they are blue. Each flower does not exceed 2.5 cm in length. They bloom in August-September, so the fruits in Moscow and to the north do not have time to ripen. It gives mature seeds in the latitude of Voronezh and to the south.

Needs good care and pruning. Seeds sown in April in the greenhouse sprout in a month. It blooms usually in the second year. The aboveground part dies in the winter, but in the spring the stems grow back. In winter, it requires shelter with dry leaves and snow. Recommended for various areas as a border plant, as well as for rock gardens and slides.

In GBS since 1952, 5 samples (17 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from Belgium, Italy, Germany, and from living plants brought from Kiev. It grows annually, reaching a height of 1.5-1.9 m. It grows from late April – early May to October. The growth rate is high. It blooms in September. The fruits do not ripen. Rooted cuttings of 95% when treated with phyton for 14 hours. It can be limitedly used in landscaping Moscow to create decorative groups up to 1-1.5 m tall, as it has large decorative foliage.

Hybrids: "Sea spray», 'Cote d'azur', 'Crepuscule'.

Photo EDSR.

K. brown (C. fusca).

Homeland: Northeast Asia (Far East, Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands), China, Japan.

Grassy vine up to 4 m long. The leaves are complex, from 5-7 pointed-ovate leaves. The flowers are drooping, goblet (ugly), up to 2.5 cm in diameter. 4 sepals, they are oblong-ovate, fleshy, with tips bent outward, ribbed on the outside, dark dirty purple, brown or brown, pubescent. It blooms in July and August. On the shoot up to 10 flowers. Knots the seeds. Flat seeds have a lacquered spout up to 3 cm long. Seeds ripen in September. Shoots cut in the winter. In the south it can be affected by powdery mildew. It usually blooms in the fourth year. Propagated by seeds and summer cuttings. Sown in April in a greenhouse, the seeds germinate in June of that year. It can successfully grow south of the latitude of St. Petersburg, but is known even in Yakutsk.

In GBS since 1956, 1 sample (1 copy) was grown from seeds obtained from plants of the GBS collection. At 11 years old, plants grow annually, sprouting up to 3 m. It grows from the third decade of April to the first decade of May to November. The growth rate is fast. It blooms in July-August. The fruits ripen in September. Seed germination of 18.7%. Rooted cuttings of 63% (without treatment). It is recommended for vertical gardening in all regions of the Russian Federation.

Photo by M. Barbuhatti

K, vineyard, syn. to. ordinary, syn. K. white, syn. K. vital (C. vitalba).

Homeland: Crimea, Caucasus, Central and Southern Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa. In culture for a very long time. Despite its southern origin, it is quite winter-hardy in the middle lane. It is found in culture from Kaliningrad in the west to the Urals in the east and from Moscow in the north to the North Caucasus in the south. In Moscow, it can grow without shelter, but the aerial part freezes in the winter, in the autumn it should be cut. In deciduous and mixed forests, bushes, it can climb the slopes into the mountains up to 1200 m above sea level.

Strongly shrubby liana up to 6 meters or more. Leaves are unpaired or double-pinnate, of 5 (7) pointed-ovate, whole-edge or serrated leaflets, large. The flowers are open, up to 2 (2.5) cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences, with a faint varying smell. 4 sepals; they are oblong, whitish (ashen-white). Numerous anthers are yellowish (light yellow), give the flower a creamy shade. Flowering continues from June to August. At the northern border of its cultivation in Moscow, flowering is delayed until mid-September. The fruits ripen in September-October. There are 250-1,200 flowers on the shoot. Knots a lot of seeds. It grows quickly, and therefore it is recommended to prune the shoots strongly. Plants bloom and begin to bear fruit, usually at the age of four. Seeds sown in April in the ridge after a two-month stratification, germinate in May. In addition to seeds, propagated by cuttings. Resistant to dust and smoke. It is of interest for selection.

It is recommended everywhere for vertical gardening, especially in areas with an arid climate. According to A. Schreter, fresh leaves of this species are used in the Caucasus in folk medicine.

In GBS since 1951, 2 samples (9 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from Hungary and of unknown origin. The lash length is up to 2.4 m. It grows from 6.V ± 7 until mid-October. The growth rate is high. It blooms from 6.VIII ± 27 to 17.VIII ± 29. Fruits in 4 years, the fruits ripen 6.X ± 22. Rooted cuttings of 100% when treated with a 0.005% solution of IMC for 16 hours.

As a groundcover, clematis cultivars are best used. ‘Praecos’ - a hybrid obtained from crossing (C.vitalba x C.heracleifolia). Its shoots are spread on the ground, growing every year to 3-4 m, and for several weeks cover it with a dense carpet of leaves, drowning out weeds and protecting the soil from drying out and overheating. In July – August, numerous inflorescences of small (3-4 cm in diameter) beige-violet flowers appear on the plant. Depending on the place that the plant will cover, strong or medium-strong pruning is done.

Photo left Presnyakova L.V.
Photo right Irina Mersiyanova

K. Virgin (C. virginiana).

In nature, grows in eastern North America, where this liana climbs trees up to 6 m in height. We are growing from Nizhny Novgorod to Rostov. When grown in Moscow, it reaches only 1 m in height. Its aboveground part completely freezes in the winter. Therefore, this clematis should be grown, covering the roots with a foliage layer up to 25-35 cm, even south of Moscow.

Virgin clematis has triple or pinnate, five-leaf leaves, usually serrated along the edge, not covered with hairs on both sides. Thanks to this, they are quite shiny and decorative. Numerous grayish-white flowers up to 2-3 cm in diameter are collected in copious inflorescences emerging from the axils of the leaves. This species has dioecious flowers. Flowers appear on different plants. Therefore, to obtain seeds, you should have plants of both that and the other sex. Flowering begins in July and lasts until September. The fruits ripen in October. They are collected in rounded pubescent heads. Each achene is 4 mm long, has a feathery nose up to 4 cm long. The weight of 1000 seeds is only 0.6-0.7 g. Unripe seeds sown in the greenhouse in April germinate after a month and a half. In culture since 1720.

In GBS since 1955, 3 samples (22 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from Canada and the USA, as well as of unknown origin. The length of the whip is up to 3.0 m. It grows from the beginning of May to October. The growth rate is high. The fruits are not tied. Rooted cuttings of 100% when processing phyton for 14 hours.

K. mountain, great Indian clematis (C. montana = C. anemoniflora).

Clematis montana
Photo by Kravchenko Kirill

Homeland: Himalayas, at an altitude of 1600-3000 m above sea level. seas. Central and Western China. In culture since 1831, imported from the Himalayas.
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This early flowering and highly decorative species of clematis, as well as its varieties and forms (Alexander, Wilson, reddish, large-flowered, etc.) are of undoubted interest for vertical gardening in the southern regions of the Russian Federation. In more northern areas it requires a protected location and shelter for winter shoots

In GBS since 1976, 1 sample (6 copies) was grown from seeds obtained from the Crimea. It grows from early to mid-May to October. It grows to 1.5 m annually. It does not bloom. Rooted cuttings of 90% when processing phyton for 14 hours

Clematis Jacquman (C. jackmanii).

Rapid growth, prolonged and plentiful flowering, a variety of colors and a large size of the flowers make Jacqueman clematis very popular among other clematis. This is a ligneous vine, reaching 3-4 m in height, with unpaired leaves consisting of 3-5 ovate, downy pubescent leaves. The flowers reach 10-14 cm in diameter and have four, and sometimes six, sepals with a wide, obovate shape. The large size of the flower was transferred to this species from clematis of the woolly - paternal plant, and the abundant flowering property was obtained from the mother plant - violet clematis. The color of the flowers is most often purple-purple or pinkish, they are usually collected in three. The first flowers appear in June. Flowering is very long, until mid-September. Achenes, forming a capitate inflorescence, have long white pubescent noses, due to which the numerous fruits in the sun acquire a beautiful silver color. Their ripening occurs in late September - early October. But they do not propagate the seeds of Jacquman's clematis, since at the same time plants grow, which by their signs evade towards one of the parents. It is propagated by cuttings, dividing the bush, layering and most often by grafting, which is carried out on frost-resistant stocks of other species, for example, purple or grape clematis. Winter-hardy, but preventive shelter is desirable.

Photo by Yuri Markovsky

K. burning (FROM. flammula).

Homeland: Mediterranean (Western Transcaucasia, Southern Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor and Western Asia). Known in culture for over 300 years. In culture, this clematis is known from Tver in the north to Rostov in the south. In Moscow, the aerial part, reaching 1.5 m in height, completely freezes in winter, therefore, it should be cut in autumn and the root system should be covered with a layer of dry foliage up to 20-25 cm thick.

Strongly shrubby liane up to 3-5 m long. The leaves are complex, double-pinnate or pinnate, from the ovoid leaves, dark green. The roots are thick, cord-like, secrete substances acting on the mucous membranes of the nose, eyes. The flowers are open, cross-shaped, up to 3 cm in diameter, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences, very fragrant (the smell varies). 4 sepals, they are narrow, linear, white. Anthers are yellow.

Blooms profusely in July-August. There are 250-420 flowers on the shoot. Knotted seeds and propagated by them. On the southern coast of Crimea runs wild. Plants are recommended to be cut, preferably in the spring. It can grow both in sunny places and in the shade. Very decorative and graceful during flowering and fruiting: a huge number of small white fragrant flowers cover long shoots, as they ripen, the seeds on them become reddish-brown. Blossoms and bears fruit in the third year. Seeds sown in a greenhouse in November without stratification germinate in July.

In Europe and North America it is quite widely used in plantings. Promising for vertical gardening, especially in the southern regions of the Russian Federation.

Photo by Kravchenko Kirill

K. bellflower (FROM. campaniflora Brot. = C. viticella ssp. campaniflora Kuntze)

Homeland: Portugal, Spain.

Tall shrubby vine with a length of up to 6 m. Complicated bicentric or double-leafed leaves consist of oblong-ovate leaves. It is a good stock for large-flowered varieties of clematis, as it has thick cord-like roots. Flowers (like buds) are drooping, bell-shaped, small, up to 3 cm in diameter. Four sepals; they are oblong-elliptical, white with a light violet-blue tint. Anthers are light yellow. Blooms profusely in July-August on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot up to 30 flowers. Knots a lot of seeds. Plants should be pruned in spring.

It is relatively widely used in landscaping abroad. It is recommended for vertical gardening in the middle zone of the Russian Federation and to the north.

K. Short-tailed (C. brevicaudata DC).

It grows in nature in the south of the Far East and in Northern China along the valleys of rivers and streams, in thickets of bird cherry, willow, among shrubs. It is very rare in landscaping, but it is found in many botanical gardens of Russia from St. Petersburg in the north to Saratov in the south, as well as in Siberia and the Far East.

Its ligneous liana climbs trees up to a height of 5-7 m with a whip thickness of up to 1.5 cm, has numerous stems with longitudinally peeling bark. Cirrus leaves of 5-7 or 3 leaves, usually three-lobed with a solid or serrated edge. The flowers are numerous, white, 1-2 cm in diameter, sitting on long pedicels, collected in elongated racemose inflorescences. It blooms in September from 4 years old on the shoots of the current year. Able to winter in the middle lane without removing the creeper from the support and without trimming the aerial part. Propagated by seeds and green cuttings. Decorated with beautiful leaves.

In GBS since 1958, 2 samples (29 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from Donetsk, there are plants reproducing GBS. Liana 3.0 m. It grows from late April to November. The growth rate is high. It blooms in late June. The fruits ripen in late August and early September. Seed germination of 4.6%. Rooted cuttings of 50% when processed with a 0.01% solution of IMC for 14 hours. It can be used for landscaping Moscow, especially for decorating embankments and slopes. It is recommended for mass distribution in the middle zone of the Russian Federation.

K. shrubby f. lobed (C. fruticosa f. Lobata).

Homeland: Northern China, south of Mongolia.

Erect shrub up to 0.6 m high. Notched leaves, sometimes complex, do not burn. The flowers are open, semi-spiky, up to 4 cm in diameter. 4 sepals, they are golden yellow. Stamens are colored (cream or dark). It blooms late (in late August - September) on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot up to 30 flowers. Knotted seeds and propagated by them.

It is of interest for landscaping as a late-flowering shrub.

K. forest (C. vioma).

Grassy perennial vine up to 3 m long. The leaves are complex, from 5-7 leaves. Flowers with a narrow bell resemble pitchers, drooping, up to 3 cm long. Sepals (4) outside are red-purple, thick, fleshy, with slightly bent tips. Dust particles are light yellow. It blooms all summer and autumn until October on the shoots of the current year. Of interest for selection due to the original flowers.

Recommended for group and single landings.

K. Manchu (C. mianschurica = C. recta L. v. Manschurica Maxim.).

Homeland: south of the Far East, Northeast China.

Perennial herbaceous vine up to 1.5, sometimes up to 3 m long.The leaves are complex, they consist of 3–7 broader leaves than that of direct clematis. The flowers are open, up to 2 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences, fragrant. Four sepals, they are white. Anthers are light yellow.

It blooms in June and July on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot 150-500 flowers. Knots the seeds. Dead shoots are cut annually before winter. According to A. I. Schreter, the species is used in Chinese medicine

Since 1985, in GBS, 2 samples (11 specimens) were grown from seeds obtained from the Czech Republic and cuttings from these plants. It grows from late April to October. The growth rate is high, grows annually to 1 m. Does not bloom. Cuttings root weakly.

Recommended everywhere for landscaping low objects. It is frost-resistant.

Photo EDSR.

K. panicled, syn. K. fragrant (C. paniculata = C. maximowicziana).

Homeland: Korea, Japan.

Semi-evergreen (in the south) shrub liana up to 3-5 m long (according to other sources 10-12 m). The leaves are complex, from 3-5 leaves, pinnate or triple, bright green. The flowers are open, up to 3 cm in diameter, very fragrant, collected in inflorescences. Four sepals, they are white. Anthers are light yellow. It blooms very plentifully. Flowering usually occurs in the second or third year in September-October. Achenes with a long, up to 7 cm long, nose ripen in October. It is quite hardy, but in the middle lane for the winter, the root system of young plants needs shelter with leaves and snow. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Highly decorative and elegant look both during flowering and fruiting.

Recommended for wide distribution, but especially in the southern regions of the Russian Federation. In the more northern areas, shoots should be cut before winter

In GBS since 1939, 8 samples (50 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from various botanical gardens in Europe. It grows from the second or third decades of April to the end of October and the beginning of November. The growth rate is fast, grows annually to 2-2.5 m. It blooms in the second half of June-early July to August-early September. Fruits in 1-2 years, the fruits ripen from mid-September. Seed germination of 4.6%. Rooted cuttings of 100% when processing phyton for 14 hours

Photo by Mikhail Polotnov

K. Pilate leaved (C. serratifolia).

It is found in the Far East in the Primorsky Territory and in Korea. It grows on rocky slopes and on pebble deposits. Introduced into the culture since 1909.

Shrub liana up to 3 m long. Sometimes, due to the lack of vertical support, its stems lie on the ground and form a thick intertwined mass with strong branching. The leaves are complex, two-ternate. The flowers are drooping, wide-bell-shaped, later opened, up to 3-4 cm in diameter, single or collected in 3 pieces. 4 sepals, they are oblong-ovate, their ends sometimes bend outward, light yellow or greenish-yellow. Stamens are painted. It blooms profusely from late July to September on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot of 50-200 flowers. The first flowering occurs at the age of 2-3 years. Knots a lot of seeds. The achenes collected in the head with a long, meristically-spout nose ripen in October. Seeds sown in November in the greenhouse sprout in June. Propagated by summer cuttings. Shoots cut in the winter.

It is recommended for vertical gardening in all areas of the Russian Federation. It is frost-resistant. Flowering shoots are used for cutting and arranging, and shoots with openwork fruit crops - for dry bouquets

In GBS since 1959, 1 sample (1 copy) was grown from seeds obtained from Kharkov. It grows from late April to November. The growth rate is high, grows annually to 3.6 m. It blooms from late September to mid-October. The fruits do not ripen. Rooted cuttings of 100% when treated with a 0.005% solution of IMC for 16 hours

Photo by Mikhail Polotnov

K. direct (C. recta).

Homeland: southern and middle regions of the European part of the former USSR, the Caucasus, Southern and Central Europe.

Upright grassy polycarpic up to 1-1.5 m high with hollow shoots. The leaves are complex, two-ternate or from 5-7 oblong-ovoid whole-leaflets, dull green. The buds are looking up, downy. The flowers are open, up to 3 (3.5) cm in diameter, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences, with a smell, sometimes unpleasant. Sepals 4, rarely 5, they are oblong, pubescent, white. Anthers are yellow and light yellow. Blooms profusely in June-July. On the shoot up to 130 flowers. Knots a lot of seeds. Dead shoots in the winter are cut to the level of the soil.

The view and its forms (purple, narrow-leaved, etc.) are recommended for group and single plantings, slides, rock gardens, in flowerbeds, like curbs, etc.

In GBS since 1991, 1 sample (5 copies) was grown from seeds of unknown origin. It grows from the second or third decades of April to the end of October and the beginning of November. The growth rate is fast, grows annually to 0.8-1.0 m. It blooms in the second half of June-early July to August-early September. Fruits in 1-2 years, the fruits ripen from mid-September.

Left photo of Oak Galina
Photo right Olga Blokhman

K. disclosed (C. patens).

Originally from Japan.

Shrubby woody vine with shoots up to 3.5 m long. The leaves are pinnately complex, 3-5 leaflets. It blooms on the overwintered shoots of last year at the beginning of summer. The flowers are open, on long pedicels, up to 9-15 cm in diameter, with 6-8 sepals. It has numerous varieties, including terry and yellow flowering. Mandatory shelter of shoots at least 50 cm long is required.

K. gray (C. glauca).

Homeland: south of Western and Eastern Siberia, southeast of Central Asia, west of Mongolia, China. In thickets of shrubs along river valleys, mountain slopes, in the steppe regions. Photophilous mesophyte, microtherm, oligotroph, assector of shrubbery. It is rare in culture, it is in Eastern Europe, Southern Siberia.

Shrub liane up to 5 m long. The leaves are complex, non-perpoperiform or two-triple, from pointed elliptic leaflets, grayish-green (bluish). The flowers are drooping, bell-shaped, up to 4 cm in diameter. 4 sepals; they are oblong-elliptical with tips bent outward, yellow or greenish-yellow. Anthers are colored.

It blooms profusely and continuously (from July to September) on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot from 30 to 75 flowers. At the same time on the bush there are many buds, flowers and silver fruit.

In GBS since 1962, 1 sample (1 copy) was grown from seeds of unknown origin. It grows annually, giving whips up to 2 m long. The growth rate is high. It grows from late April to late October. It blooms from late June to early August. Fruits irregularly. Seed germination of 5.5%. Rooted cuttings of 40% when processed with a 0.01% solution of IMC for 16 hours. It is recommended for vertical gardening in all regions of the Russian Federation. It can be used as a groundcover.

Photo left Wolf top Elena
Photo right Ovchinnikova Yuri

K. Tangutsky (C. tangutica = C. orientalis v. Tangutica).

Homeland: southeast of Central Asia, Western China, Mongolia. In a culture since 1890. Despite its southern origin, it tolerates the harsh conditions of central Russia. To the south of the latitude of Moscow it can be used not only as a border plant, but also rise up to 2-2.5 m along the support, forming dense, dense columns. It is found in Russia in stands from Kaliningrad to Khakassia.

One of the most decorative wild clematis. More often shrubs up to 0.3 m high, occasionally (in culture) a shrub liana up to 3 (4) m long. The leaves are complex, pinnate or double-pinnate. The flowers are drooping, wide-bell-shaped (resembling flashlights), up to 4 cm in diameter. 4 sepals, they are pointed-ovate, slightly bent outward, yellow. Anthers cream (light yellow). It blooms for a long time, sometimes intermittently (from June to cold weather) on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot 30-130 flowers. In autumn, under favorable conditions, secondary flowering occurs. Knots the seeds. The fruits ripen from the end of August. Seeds sown in a greenhouse in November germinate in January. In addition to seeds, propagated by cuttings, giving rooting up to 90%. Shoots cut in the winter.

Recommended for landscaping everywhere. It is decorated until late autumn thanks to silver fruit, which is also suitable for dry bouquets.

In GBS since 1957, 1 sample (5 copies) was grown from seeds obtained from Penza. It grows from late April to early October. The growth rate is high, grows annually to 1.5-2 m. It blooms from June to September. The fruits ripen in late August. Rooted cuttings of 100% when processing phyton for 14 hours

Grade 'Love Locator' - This is a beautiful woody vine, reaching 4 m in length. The flowers are bright yellow, drooping, up to 4 cm in diameter, resemble flashlights. Blooms profusely from May to September. The Locator of Love is decorative until late autumn, thanks to the silver fruit that is used in the arrangement. Serves as an excellent decoration of the balconies of walls, hedges, arbors. The landing site should be open and sunny, with good drainage. Watering is plentiful and regular. Shelter for the winter is not required. The plant is suitable for growing in pots as an indoor. Seeds germinate 14-21 days at + 15-20 ° C. The plant blooms 12 weeks after sowing.

Photo courtesy of Presnyakova L.V.

K. Texas (C. texensis Buckle. = C. coccinea Engelm.)

Homeland: North America (Texas).

Perennial herbaceous liana up to 2.5 m long. The leaves are complex, pinnate, from 4-8 leaves (the upper goes into a mustache), bluish-green or green. The flowers are drooping, in shape resemble pitchers (urn-like with a narrow bell), up to 3 cm in length. 4 sepals, they are thick, fleshy, carmine on the outside (with shades of different tones). Anthers are light yellow. There is nectar in the adult flower at the base of the sepals. It blooms during the summer (June-September) gradually on the growth of the current year. On the shoot of 20-40 flowers. Knots the seeds. Dead shoots are cut off in the winter. Resistant to fungal diseases, but in the south can be affected by powdery mildew. It is recommended for vertical gardening and in breeding work. Pictured Clematis texas'Gravetye beauty'.

K. purple (C. viticella).

It grows in nature in the Caucasus, in Southern Europe and in Asia Minor, where it can be seen among shrubbery and on rocky slopes. In culture since 1797. It is not very widespread. In Russia, it is found in artificial plantations south of Kirovsk, but grows better, starting from the latitude of St. Petersburg to the southern borders.

Photo by Konstantin Alexandrov

Shrub liana up to 3-4 m long. The leaves are complex, usually double-pinnate, most often from 5-7 leaves. The roots are thick, cord-like. They should be widely used as stocks for large-flowered varieties of clematis. The flowers are drooping, half-open or open, 2.5-5 cm in diameter. There are 4 sepals; they are rhomboid with wavy edges, purple, lilac, violet, blue, etc. colors and shades. Anthers are greenish-yellow (light yellow-green). Blooms profusely on the shoots of the current year, which are cut off in the winter. Flowering occurs in the third or fourth year and is of considerable duration, from June to August and even September. On the shoot 20-75 flowers. Knots a lot of large seeds. Seed ripening occurs in September. Seeds up to 8 mm in diameter, have an awl-shaped silver nose reaching 4 cm in length. It is found in gardens and parks.

In GBS since 1950, 2 samples (9 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from Latvia and Kiev. Scourge to 3.0 m. It grows from early May to late October. The growth rate is high. It blooms in mid-August, an average of 15 days. Fruits in 3-5 years, the fruits ripen in September. Seed germination of 43%. Rooted cuttings of 20% when treated with a 0.005% solution of IMC for 16 hours

Clematis viticella 'Alba Luxurians'
Photo by Tatyana Shakhmanova

The species and its forms (pink, Kermezin, etc.) are recommended for vertical gardening everywhere - from the northern to southern regions of the Russian Federation. It is of interest for selection. It equally tolerates both the hot climate of the south and the cold of northern Europe. It prefers well-lit places, so it should not be planted in the shade or on the north side of the house. Undemanding to the soil, can grow even on the poor, easy to grow. Therefore, it is equally suitable for beginner gardeners who want to have a beautiful garden with minimal effort, and for connoisseurs looking for interesting, spectacular plants. Sown in a greenhouse in April after a month of stratification, the seeds germinate in July. Propagated by seeds and cuttings, the percentage of rooting of which is small. Fast growing and fairly winter-hardy vine. Although in the northern latitudes part of the shoots freezes, this does not affect the abundance of flowering in the next year, since in spring there is a rapid regrowth. In the first years of life for the winter, it is desirable to shelter the root system.

The pedigree of the Viticella group, the clematis of which bloom in the summer and autumn on the shoots of the current year, therefore, in early spring they are severely cut to a height of 20-40 cm from the ground. Plants cut off even near the soil grow well. The possibility of strong pruning simplifies maintenance, especially if clematis is planted among other plants, for example in a mixborder. It is impressive that even if all the shoots freeze during the harsh winter, new ones will grow in the spring, which will please with abundant flowering in the summer. The flowers are most often elegant, light, bell-shaped, with a diameter of 4 to 13 cm.

Clematis viticella 'Venosa Violasea'
Photo by Mikhail Polotnov

Especially original variety ‘Purpurea plena elegans’, Originating in England. Its terry dark pink flowers appear on both old and new shoots. Liana reaches 3-4 m and is great for growing on pylons, near strong shrubs or small trees. The Polish variety also deserves wide distribution ‘Polish spirit’, Very popular in Western Europe, Japan, USA. Graceful shoots, up to 3-4 m long, are decorated with small green leaves with a bluish tint that look attractive throughout the growing season and do not dry out in the second half of summer, like most clematis. Bluish-red, medium-sized flowers cover the plant from late June to early October.

Extraordinarily good clematis сортаRubromarginata’- a hybrid obtained from the crossing of C. flammula x C. viticella. Its flowers, appearing in July – August, have a rather strong pleasant aroma. The edges of the petals are dark pink, in the middle - white. Golden stamens give a special charm to the flower. This graceful liana tolerates partial shading, making it great not only for all kinds of arches, pergolas and trellises, but also for decorating other deciduous shrubs or trees. Very beautiful variety ‘Abun-dance’- abundantly blooming, with bewitching red flowers and yellow-green stamens.

K. flowery (C. florida).

Originally from Japan.

Shrubby woody vine with shoots up to 4 m long. Leaves are triple or double triple. Blossoms on the overwintered shoots of last year. The flowers are open, arranged horizontally, up to 12 cm in diameter. The color of the bracts is often light, sometimes two-tone. Winter hardiness is low - requires mandatory shelter of shoots at least 100 cm long. In the photo on the left Clematis Florida 'Flore Plena', in the photo on the right Clematis florida 'sieboldiana'

Photos of Shakhmanova Tatyana

K. whole-leafed (C. integrifolia).

Homeland: almost the entire European part of the former USSR (including Crimea), Ciscaucasia, Dagestan, Northern Kazakhstan, southeast of Western and southwest of Eastern Siberia, Western Europe, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Western China. In Crimea, it is classified as a rare species.


Clematis integrifolia
Photo by Olga Bondareva

Clematis integrifolia 'Hanajima'
Photo by Olga Bondareva

Clematis integrifolia 'Hakurei'
Photo by Olga Bondareva

Upright grassy polycarpic 0.6 m high (in culture and up to 1 m). The leaves are simple, sessile, oblong-ovate, whole-edge, leathery. The roots are cord-shaped, they get starch. The flowers are single, drooping bells, 3 (up to 5) cm in diameter.

Clematis integrifolia 'Blue Stream'
Photo by M. Barbuhatti

4 sepals, they are oblong-ovate, bent outward, blue-violet, purplish-blue, etc. Anthers are yellow and light yellow. It blooms in June and July on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot up to 10 flowers. Good honey plant. Knots the seeds. Dead shoots are cut off every winter. Seeds sown in May in the garden sprout in 35-40 days.And flowers and fruits appear in the second year. Winters without shelter.

In GBS since 1939, 7 samples (22 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from various botanical gardens, there are plants reproducing GBS, as well as of unknown origin. It grows from late April to October. The growth rate is high, grows annually to 1.4 m. It blooms in the second or third decades of September. Fruits in 2-3 years, the fruits ripen in the second half of September. Seed viability of 100%, germination of 8%. Rooted cuttings of 100% when treated with phyton for 14 hours. Can be used in landscaping Moscow to decorate walls, embankments, slopes.

Promising for breeding. The species and its forms are recommended for planting on lawns, rocky hills, clearings, like border plants. You can use a light support of several stuck twigs, a shrub growing in the neighborhood, or allow the shoots to sit freely on the ground. From June to September, peculiar bell-shaped flowers appear on the shoots of the current year. They come in different colors: ‘Olgae’ - blue, large in comparison with other varieties, have a light aroma, ‘Bluish Violet’ - dark purple ‘Rosea’ - pink ‘Alba’ - white.


Clematis intergrifolia 'Alyonushka'
Photo by Olga Bondareva

Clematis intergrifolia
Photo by Konstantin Alexandrov

Clematis integrifolia 'juuli'
Photo by Yakovleva Natalia
K. woolly f. snow-white (C. lanuginosa Lindl. ex Paxt. f. Candida Lindl.)

Homeland: North China. It differs from the species in white sepals and less pubescence in all parts of the plant.

Shrub vines 2-3 m long with thin shoots. The leaves are triple, rarely simpler, burn in the south (for example, on the southern coast of Crimea). The flowers are wide-open, often single, large, 15-18 cm in diameter. Sepals 6-8, they are wide, white, when blooming, they have a greenish-cream hue. Anthers are large, light yellow, give a lot of fertile pollen. Blooms profusely in May (in the south) - June, at the end of summer flowering can sometimes be repeated by single flowers.

Recommended for vertical gardening. It is of great interest for selection. Winter preventive shelter is necessary, as it blooms profusely only on the shoots of last year.

Photo by Yuri Markovsky

K. six-petalled (C. hexapetala = C. angustifolia).

Homeland: south of Eastern Siberia and the Far East, Northwest China, northeast of Mongolia.

Upright grassy polycarpic (perennial) up to 1 m high. The leaves are complex, cirrus, from linear-lanceolate leaves, leathery, dark green. The buds are erect, pubescent on the outside. The flowers are open, 3-4 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences, with a faint odor or without it. Sepals, as a rule, are used; they are oblong, white, pubescent on the outside. Anthers are light yellow.

It blooms in summer on the shoots of the current year. On the shoot 30-70 flowers. Knotted seeds and propagated by them. Medicinal, used in Chinese medicine. Recommended everywhere for landscaping low objects. Unpretentious, frost-resistant.

Botanical Description

Shrub vines up to 4 m long. The stem is climbing, thin, faceted, covered with hairs, thicker at the base of leaf petioles.

The leaves are usually double-pinnate, about 5–7 leaves, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1.5–5 cm long, obtuse or pointed, rounded at the base, from whole to three-lobed, slightly leathery, whole-edge or town-like, glabrous or almost glabrous.

The flowers are axillary or apical, on pedicels up to 10 cm long, 3-5 cm in diameter, blue, purple, pink-purple or violet. Four sepals, obovate, up to 3 cm long, 2.8 cm wide, bare in the middle, pubescent laterally, with a wavy serrated edge. Filaments bare or in the upper part under anthers with several hairs.

Achenes 8 mm long, 8 mm wide, laterally compressed, pubescent, along the edge with a thickened border and a naked awl-shaped nose 3-4 mm long. The weight of one thousand seeds is about 24 g.

Flowering in June - August. Fruiting in August - September.

Taxonomy

View Clematis purple enters the genus Lomonos ( Clematis ) tribes Anemoneae subfamilies Ranunculaceae ( Ranunculoideae ) family Ranunculaceae ( Ranunculaceae ) of the order Ranunculaceae ( Ranunculales ).

Features of growing, breeding and wintering clematis / clematis in garden conditions

The name of the clematis plant is clematis, apparently because these plants cling to branches of shrubs, form impenetrable thickets in which it is easy to fall and break your nose.

This is a decorative, beautifully flowering, grassy perennial or shrub with a woody stem and flexible wintering or dying shoots. The stems are thin, flexible, reach a length of 3 m.

Flowers at clematis are collected in inflorescences of various shapes. They are divided into small-flowered, up to 5 cm in diameter, and large-flowered (from 6 to 20 cm). The latter mainly include hybrid varietal clematis of the most varied color of flowers.

In herbaceous clematis, after the end of the growing season, shoots die off, in woody clematis they remain at the level of snow cover. The shoots of the current year are thin, with a diameter. They develop in spring from sleeping buds located on the underground part of the plant or overwintered shoots. The roots of clematis are thin, cord-like, penetrate the soil to a depth of 100 cm.

Clematis

Clematis (Clematis) is also referred to as the slit, or clematis, is a genus belonging to the family Ranunculaceae. Clematis is represented by herbaceous perennials or woody plants. In nature, they can be met in the subtropical or temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. This genus unites approximately 300 species, which often have very strong differences when compared with each other. “Klema” is the Greek word used to be called any climbing plant. In floriculture, clematis liana is most popular. Some gardeners claim that this plant can replace a whole garden.

Representatives

Within the framework of the species, several forms are distinguished:

  • Clematis viticella f. albiflora Ktze. - the flowers are white,
  • Clematis viticella f. coerulea loud. - flowers are blue-violet,
  • Clematis viticella f. kermesina Lem. - flowers are bright wine red,
  • Clematis viticella f. multiplex G.Don - double flowers, dark purple,
  • Clematis viticella f. nana carr. - dwarf liana up to 1 m high, blooming profusely in mid-summer,
  • Clematis viticella f. purpurea loud. - flowers are red-purple.

Notes

  1. The name Angiosperms is also used.
  2. For the conventions of specifying the class of dicotyledons as a superior taxon for the plant group described in this article, see the APG Systems section of the Dicotyledonous article.
  3. According to the GRIN website (see plant card).
  4. According to the book “Trees and Shrubs of the USSR” (see section Literature).

Literature

  • Genus 3. Lomonos - Clematis L. // Trees and shrubs of the USSR. Wild, cultivated and promising for introduction. / Ed. volumes S. Ya. Sokolov. - M. - L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1954. - T. III. Angiosperms. Trochodendron families - Rosaceae. - S. 31-32. - 872 s. - 3000 copies.
  • Genus 530. Clematis - Clematis L. // Flora of the USSR. 30 t / hl ed. Acad. V. L. Komarov, Ed. volumes B.K. Shishkin. - M. - L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1937. - T. VII. - S. 316. - 792 + XXVI p. - 5200 copies.

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See what “Clematis violet” is in other dictionaries:

clematis purple - mėlynžiedė raganė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

Clematis - Type view of Clematis vitalba ... Wikipedia

Clematis - (Clematis L.) a genus of plants from the family. buttercups (Ranunculaceae). Most species belong to the group of vines, only a few stems are erect. L. plants are grassy and artisanal. Acidic juices, fresh grass of many L. applied to the skin, ... ... F.A. Encyclopedic Dictionary Brockhaus and I.A. Efron

CLEMATIS - (Clematis), a genus of perennial grasses and woody grasses with curly and straight stems of the family. buttercups, decor. rnie. Clematis of Jacquman (escape with a flower). OK. 400 species in temperate and warm regions, in the USSR 12 species in cf. and south. strip of Europe. parts, on ... ... Agricultural Encyclopedic Dictionary

Species of the genus Lomonos - Appendix to the article Lomonos List of species belonging to the genus Lomonos (Clematis) The list is compiled on the basis of the GRIN, ITIS and NCBI sites. The Russian names of the species are given in the books Flora of the USSR and Trees and Bush ... Wikipedia

clematis purple - mėlynžiedė raganė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

Clematis viticella - mėlynžiedė raganė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

blaue waldrebe - mėlynžiedė raganė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

italienische waldrebe - mėlynžiedė raganė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

mėlynžiedė raganė - statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Clematis viticella angl. white wine, wine bower vok. blaue Waldrebe, italienische Waldrebe rus. clematis purple, clematis purple lenk. powojnik włoski ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

Clematis Features

Different types of clematis are very different. This culture is represented by shrubs, shrubs, herbaceous plants, but most species are vines. Clematis has 2 types of root system: fibrous and pivotal (such plants do not tolerate transplantation). The stems of the current season are thin, in woody species these shoots are faceted, and in grassy species rounded and green. The development of such shoots occurs from the aboveground buds of old stems or from the underground part of the bush. Leaf plates are simple or complex (3, 5 or 7 leaves are a part), they are paired. As a rule, foliage has a green color, but there are species with purple leaves. The flowers are bisexual, they are part of the inflorescences, which can have a corymbose, semi-umbrella or panicle-shaped. There are species and with single flowers. Petals are actually sepals; there can be 4-8 of them on a flower. Terry flowers have up to 70 petals. Simple flowers in the central part have a large number of pistils and stamens, due to which the middle is outwardly similar to a hairy spider, and it often has a contrasting color. Flowers can be painted in a variety of color shades: from velvet blue to bluish, from dark red to pink, there are also types with white and yellow colors. The life expectancy of one flower is from 15 to 20 days. Most varieties smell like jasmine, primrose or almonds. The fruit is a large number of achenes.

Sowing seeds

Since there are a lot of types and varieties of clematis, some gardeners also decide to engage in its selection. To do this, you just need to grow this plant from the seed. All clematis are divided into 3 groups according to the size of the seeds and the duration of their germination:

  1. Clematis, which have large seeds, sprouting unevenly and for a long time (from 1.5 to 8 months, and sometimes longer). For example: clematis Duran, Jacquman, purple, woolly and others.
  2. Clematis with medium-sized seeds, the germination of which can take from 1.5 to 6 months. For example: clematis whole-leafed, Manchurian, six-petaled, Douglas, Chinese, etc.
  3. Clematis with small seeds that differ in friendly and rapid germination (from 2 to 16 weeks). For example: clematis of Tangut, vineyard, etc.

The seeds collected in the current season sprout faster and best. However, if the seeds are stored in paper bags and put away in a place where the temperature is 18-23 degrees, they will retain their germination capacity for up to 4 years.

It should also be remembered that different seeds are sown at different times. Large seeds are sown immediately after harvest in the autumn or in the first winter weeks, medium seeds should be sown after the New Year holidays are over, small seeds are sown in March – April. To make the seeds appear faster, they must be prepared. To do this, they are soaked in water for 1.5 weeks before sowing, which should be replaced 4 or 5 times a day. Tanks intended for sowing must be filled with a soil mixture consisting of sand, earth and peat (1: 1: 1). After the substrate is moistened, seeds in 1 layer are evenly distributed on its surface. From above they need to be covered with sand, while the thickness of the layer should be equal to 2 or 3 diameters of the seed. Tamp the crops a little, and cover the container on top with glass or a small mesh. Seedlings will most likely appear if the crops are removed in a very warm place (from 25 to 30 degrees). Periodically, crops must be watered through a tray, which will prevent leaching of seeds. Also, if necessary, remove the weed that has appeared.

Seedling Care

After the seedlings appear, the containers must be rearranged in a well-lit place, but do not forget to provide them with protection from direct sunlight. After the first true leaf plates are formed on the plants, they must be peaked into individual plates or pots. Before planting in open ground, they need to be grown at home. You can start planting seedlings in the garden only when there is no threat of freezing frost.

For planting seedlings, you must select a shaded area with light soil. When planting between plants, a distance of 15–20 centimeters should be observed. It is necessary to carry out a systematic pinching of clematis, which will allow the bushes to increase the root mass, and this also contributes to an increase in bushiness. For the winter, the plant will need to be covered. In spring, it is necessary to transplant clematis into a not very deep trench (from 5 to 7 centimeters), while the distance between plants should be about 50 centimeters. Next, shorten the stems, they should remain several knots. After 2 or 3 years after no less than three elastic roots grow in the bushes, the length of which should be equal to 10-15 centimeters, they can be planted in a permanent place.

What time to land

It is very important to land clematis in open ground at the right time, and you need to carefully select the suitable site for this. An area suitable for planting should be protected from drafts. You also need a sunny area, but it will be very good if it is in the shade at noon. The soil is suitable for slightly alkaline nutritious loamy soil, it must also be well-drained and fertilized. This plant is recommended to be planted on a knoll or artificially made embankment. As a result, a long (about 100 cm) root will not begin to rot due to the proximity of groundwater. You can not feed clematis with acid peat or fresh manure. Do not plant a plant near a fence or building (do not allow water from the roof to fall on clematis), a distance of at least 0.3 m should be observed between them.

It is possible to plant such a culture in the open ground both in autumn and in spring. If you purchased a seedling in a container, then it can be planted both in summer, and in autumn, and in spring. If you purchased planting material in the late autumn and were late with the landing, then it should be kept until spring. For this, the seedlings are placed in a cool room (no more than 5 degrees), their root system must be covered with a mixture of sand with sawdust, which should be moistened. To restrain the growth of seedlings, you need to regularly pinch.

Before planting, you need to carefully examine the root system of the plant. If it is dried up, then it should be immersed in cold water for several hours before planting, so that the roots can swell.

Spring planting

If the climate in the region is cool, then clematis is planted in open ground in spring, or rather, in the last days of April or the first days of May. A spring seedling must have no less than one stem.

The size of the landing pit should be 0.6x0.6x0.6 m. At the bottom of the pit, it is necessary to make a drainage layer with a thickness of 10 to 15 centimeters, for this it is recommended to use broken brick, crushed stone or perlite. If the soil is poor, then this must be corrected by adding 1 bucket of peat and sand, 2-3 buckets of compost, 150 grams of superphosphate and 400 grams of dolomite flour (you need to mix everything very well, while experts recommend fertilizing the soil 1 year before landing). For the stems of seedlings, it is necessary to install removable supports (if you wish, you can dig stationary supports), their height must reach 250 cm. Supports are needed to support the plant with strong gusts of wind. On the surface of the drainage layer, it is necessary to fill the soil with a knoll, on which a seedling should be installed. After its roots are carefully straightened, the pit is filled with pre-prepared soil mixture, it should be noted that the root neck should be buried in the soil by 50-100 mm, the shoot must also be in the ground until the first internode. The pit should not be completely filled, from its top edge should remain from 8 to 10 centimeters. The planted bush should be watered with 10 liters of water.Then the surface of the recess near the bush must be covered with a layer of peat. Throughout spring and summer, the remaining recess should be gradually filled with soil. When planting between plants, a distance of at least 100 cm must be observed.

Autumn landing

In southern regions with a warm climate, this plant is planted in autumn, or rather, in September or October, but vegetative buds must be developed in the seedling. Clematis should be planted in autumn in the same way as in spring, however, in this case, the planting pit is completely filled with soil. Then, the soil surface around the seedling should be covered with a layer of dried leaves, and on top it is covered with any covering material, for example, lutrasil. In spring, near the plant, it is necessary to remove soil to a depth of 8 to 10 centimeters, during the summer period, the resulting deepening should be gradually filled with soil. Such recesses make it easier for the stems to break through to the surface of the site.

Clematis care in the garden

Growing clematis in the garden is very simple. This plant is hygrophilous, so at least 1 time in 7 days it should be abundantly watered. In hot summer time, clematis will need to be watered 2 or 3 times a week. For one watering of a young bush, you need to take 1-2 buckets of water, and for an adult - from 2 to 4. It is recommended to dig a few pots around the plant with a hole in the bottom. During irrigation, water accumulates in them, which will then gradually penetrate the soil, which is especially good in hot, arid times. If in spring time the soil surface was not covered with a layer of mulch, then it will be necessary to loosen the soil surface regularly 1 day after watering, and all weed grass should be torn out. If you fill the soil surface with a layer of mulch (moss, peat or humus), this will significantly reduce the amount of watering, and also slow down the growth of weed grass.

During the first year after planting in open ground, too much fertilizer should not be applied to the soil, because a weakened seedling can overtake along with them. During the period of intensive growth, nitrogen-containing fertilizers must be used to fertilize clematis, during the formation of buds - potash, at the end of flowering - phosphorus. When the plant will be pruned in the summer, it must be fed with a solution of full mineral fertilizer (20 grams per 10 liters of water), and also with a copper solution. In spring, the bush should be watered with lime milk every year (dolomite flour and chalk). During the flowering period, all dressings of clematis must be stopped, otherwise it will lose its activity. If in summer there is a large amount of rain, then the lower part of the trunk must be covered with wood ash, which will prevent rot from appearing on the root system of the plant.

Clematis Supports

You can purchase several types of supports for lianas, namely: fan structures, arches and pyramids. Clematis is suitable for any of the structures, but it should be noted that the place where the liana clings to the support should have a diameter of not more than 10-12 mm. It is also necessary to take into account that the overgrown clematis is quite heavy, especially when it will rain, so you need to buy a design that is made of a fairly strong material. One of the great ideas is to install a cylinder, which should be made of a rare metal mesh. Liana should grow inside this structure, which she gradually covers with her foliage.

Clematis Reproduction

This plant can be grown from seed. Information on how to do this can be found above. Also, this vine can be propagated by vegetative methods: dividing the bush, summer and autumn layering, as well as pinning young shoots.

For division, you should choose a bush that is no more than 6 years old, as more mature specimens have a powerful root system, which is very difficult to handle. The plant must be carefully removed from the soil, then the earth is removed from its root. Using a secateurs, the bush is cut into several divisions, each of which should have kidneys on the root neck.

To get layering in October, you need to cut off all the foliage from the stems. The faded part should be cut to the first developed kidney. Then the shoots are woven into a bundle and laid in grooves, at the bottom of which there is a layer of peat. Stems fixed in this position must be covered with peat, and the soil to be tamped from above. Clematis for wintering should be covered with dried leaves or spruce branches. As soon as the spring period begins, you need to start regularly and abundantly water the planting site. After seedlings appear, the surface of the soil around them must be covered with a layer of mulch (humus or peat). With the onset of the autumn period, most of the young plants can be planted in a permanent place. To exclude injury to the root system, it is necessary to extract sprouts from the soil using a pitchfork. If you wish, you can bookmark layering in the summer, however, it should be noted that in this case it is likely that the shoots will die in the winter.

Stitching stems is recommended in spring. To do this, choose last year's shoots, they must be pinned at the site of the knot into pots filled with loose soil and peat, which should be dug into the ground below the surface of the site. As a result, during watering, the liquid will linger in the pot. As the seedling grows, it is necessary to add soil to the pot, while it should be strewed with a knoll. In the fall, beautiful seedlings will be formed.

Diseases and pests

Most often, such a culture suffers from wilting, which is a fungal disease. At the bush, the elasticity of the tissues is lost, it begins to fade and dry. There are several pathogens that have similar symptoms, they are all in the ground and first affect the root system. The best way to prevent is to follow the rules of agricultural technology. The first symptoms of the disease will appear at the beginning of the spring period. In May, the affected areas should be removed, and the bush itself should be shed under the root with a solution of Azocene or Fundazole, the concentration of which should be equal to 2%. If the bush is very severely affected, then it must be dug with a lump of earth and burned, and the site should be disinfected with the same means. Azocene and Fundazole will help cure specimens infected with powdery mildew or gray rot.

This plant can also get rust, which is also a fungal disease. In spring, orange pads form on the surface of the stems and leaves of the affected specimens. Over time, the foliage changes its color to brown and dries, the deformation of the stems is observed. Infected specimens should be treated with Bordeaux liquid (1–2%), either with copper chloride, or with Oxychoma.

In the last weeks of the summer period, necrosis of a dark gray color may form on the surface of the stems and foliage, due to which the color of the affected parts changes, and they also become velvety. In the middle of the summer period, plant damage can occur with ascochitosis, due to which necrotic spots appear on the foliage, which have an irregular shape. If clematis is infected with cylindrosporiosis, then spots of a saturated yellow color will appear on the surface of its leaf plates. You can cope with all these diseases with the help of products containing copper, for example, you can use a solution of copper sulfate (1%).

This plant is resistant to viral diseases. However, sucking insects can cause damage to the bush with a yellow mosaic of leaves, which at the moment have not learned to treat. In this regard, the affected specimen must be dug up and burned. For planting clematis, it is not recommended to choose sites located next to the hosta, sweet peas, delphinium, aquilegia, phlox and peony, because these plants are susceptible to mosaic disease.

Also, such a culture can suffer from a leaf or gall nematode. If you dig up rotted bushes, be sure to conduct a thorough inspection of their root system. If there are nodules on it, then it is forbidden to plant clematis in this area for several years.

Clematis pruning

Clematis can be pruned during the period of active growth, as necessary, to prolong flowering, and even before winter. It has already been said that clematis is divided into 3 groups:

  1. Group A (first group). Flowers appear on the stems of last year, in connection with this pruning are only weak shoots. Pruning is done in June, when the plant fades. In late autumn, bushes need to be high up.
  2. Group B (second group). Flowers are formed on the shoots of this and last year. Shoots need to be shortened to 50–100 cm, while 2–5 pairs of buds should remain. Weak stems must be cut to the base. For the winter, it is necessary to remove such a plant from its support, roll it up and carefully put it at the roots.
  3. Group C (third group). Flowers appear only on the young shoots of this year. Pruning a similar creeper is done several times during the growing season. In autumn, all stems should be cut to the surface level of the plot or slightly higher.

Types and varieties of clematis with photos and names

There are many classifications of clematis. So, they are divided into groups M.A. Beskaravaynoy, which take into account the origin of the species on the maternal side, uses the taxonomic system of M. Tamura, as well as the classification of L. Bailey, A. Raider, V. Matthews and others.

Beginners, as well as amateur gardeners, for the most part, use the simplest classifications of clematis according to the size of the flowers: small-flowered, medium-flowered and large-flowered. However, the most convenient classification system is the following:

  • group A - flowering is observed on last year's shoots,
  • group B - flowering is observed on the shoots of the last and current year,
  • group C - flowering is observed on the shoots of the current year.

Below we will consider in more detail the data of the group, as well as the varieties of clematis related to them.

Criteria for choosing a landing site

  • A sunny place protected from cold winds
  • The soil is fertile, loamy, well-drained with a neutral reaction (even better with a small admixture of lime). Clematis do not like acidic, clayey and swampy soils, flooded and shaded areas.
  • To protect the root system of plants from overheating, the soil around the plants should be shaded.
  • The best time to land on a permanent place is the end of April or the beginning of May.
  • Clematis can grow in one place

How to plant

Clematis is planted 1.5 meters from each other so that each plant can freely develop without intertwining with the neighboring one.

Planting pits for them are dug 60 × 60 × 60 cm in size. It is desirable to pour a layer of drainage materials (stones, pebbles, broken brick) up to 10 cm thick on the bottom of the pit.

The excavated soil (heavy clay, acidic) must be completely removed, the other half. Then pits are prepared, filling them with a mixture of humus, old compost or garden soil with the addition of buckets of coarse sand, gravel, construction waste, to ensure good aeration and to prevent stagnation of water.

About 1 kg of old plaster, chalk or a glass of wood ash and 1 cup of full mineral fertilizer should be added to the pit. The finished earthen mixture is poured into the pit and squeezed so that it does not settle.

Clematis Care

Clematis care consists in watering, feeding and warming them for the winter.

Plants are rarely watered, but abundantly to wet the soil to a depth. During the summer, plants need feed 3 times full mineral fertilizer (1 tbsp.spoon per 10 liters of water per 5 plants).

Like lemongrass, clematis need support, clinging to which they grow up. It is better to install them at the same time as planting, so as not to damage the roots.

Shelter for the winter

With the onset of frost, plants grow to a height and are trimmed at this level in varieties that form flowers on the shoots of the current year.

On shoots that form flowers on last year's shoots or blooming twice in the summer, shoots about 100 cm long must be preserved until spring. To do this, after hilling and trimming, the remaining shoots are carefully laid on the soil, preferably on a support 10 cm high, and then pinned to the ground with arches, covered with lapnik and brushwood.

In the spring, when frosts are not expected, the shelter is removed, the plant is re-cultivated and shaded for the first time, in order to avoid drying out of the kidneys from solar overheating.

In one place with normal care, clematis can grow. Transplanted usually only very old plants with weakened flowering or, if necessary.

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