How to protect a cat and dog from overheating in summer
The normal temperature in cats and dogs is 37.5 - 39.0 ° C. If the temperature rises above 40.5 ° C, this can seriously affect the heart of the animal. In summer, this can occur due to overwork or overheating in the sun or in a car.
It is important to be able to distinguish heat stroke from normal fatigue in order to take action in time.
Why cats and dogs are overheating
People have pores throughout their bodies. If we are hot and the temperature inside rises, perspiration begins, and the temperature normalizes. However, cats and dogs have almost no sweat glands. To cool, the dog sticks out its tongue in the heat and breathes often, often.
Dogs breathing and sticking out their tongue is the most effective thermoregulation mechanism. So the dog normalizes itself. Therefore, at risk are brachycephals - dogs with flattened faces: pugs, bulldogs, Pekingese. It is also necessary to carefully monitor elderly animals, pregnant females and animals with diseases of the respiratory and cardiac systems.
How to recognize overheating in a dog: symptoms
Symptoms of heat stroke can initially look like normal fatigue:
- Increased salivation
- Blurred gaze
- Lack of appetite
- Wheezing and wheezing
- Dog staggers, walks poorly
- Temperature above 40 ° C
- Vomiting, cramps, diarrhea
Some signs of overheating in a dog are easily confused with usual malaise and fatigue. For example, if a dog eats poorly in the heat, it is too early to consider it a symptom, because in the summer some dogs simply lose their appetite.
Important: these symptoms speak of heat stroke only if you absolutely know that the animal has overheated. With a fever, the symptoms can be very similar, but with a heat stroke in a dog, the treatment will be completely different.
How to help a dog with heat stroke
Once again: heat stroke is when a dog becomes ill in a stuffy car or on a hot street. If you returned home to a cool apartment, and there the dog drops drooling and refuses to eat, this is clearly not overheating. You need to go to the doctor in both cases, but with heat stroke you need to help immediately:
- Remove the collar and muzzle so that the dog breathes calmly
- Put the dog or cat in a cool place: shadow and cold tile will do
- Moisten the animal with cold water. It is not necessary to completely throw into water, a sharp temperature drop is very dangerous
- Make cold compresses on the head, armpits, inner thighs. Can be wrapped in a wet towel
- Give water but not too much
- Take your dog to the vet for an appointment, even if everything seems to be in order
Overheating is dangerous for its consequences on all body systems. The consequences may occur a few days after the heat stroke, so it is better to go to the clinic and make sure that everything is in order.
Watch Spain rescue a trapped dog in Spain
How to help a cat in the heat
Heat stroke is less common in cats than in dogs, simply because they walk less. In summer, domestic cats hide in a dark bath, and village cats sleep in a shady cool. And for good reason, because cats tolerate heat and stuffiness rather badly. It is important to know so as not to transport the cat to the cottage on the hottest day. Especially if you are riding a bus and the cat is in the bag.
The first aid for heatstroke in cats is the same as in dogs: put in the shade, bring down the temperature with a cool compress, give water, take it to the veterinarian.
If a cat eats poorly in the heat, do not drag it to the doctor. In hot weather, the appetite can be greatly reduced, because the cat does not spend energy and generally prefers to move less.
Tip: to protect the cat from heat, you can hang towels or sheets soaked in water at home - they will cool the air in the room. Leave the bath door open so that the cat rests on the cold tile.
How to prevent heat stroke in a dog
The main remedy for overheating is alertness. It is much easier to prevent overheating than to deal with its consequences. These are commonplace tips, but they work great:
- Do not make the dog run. It is pleasant for you in shorts and a T-shirt to leave the ball in the sun, but for the dog it will end badly.
- Take a walk in the morning and evening. If the weather is hot, try to walk before the temperature rises and closer to the evening.
- Walk closer to the ponds. It’s cooler there and the dog will be able to swim.
- Do not leave the dog in the car. At all. Even if the windows are open and only five minutes.
Important: in the summer, a variety of hazards await the dog. The dog goes to the cottage, spends more time on the street and next to other animals, so be sure to get vaccinated and buy funds for fleas and ticks in a veterinary pharmacy.
Symptoms of heat stroke:
- skin hot to the touch
- frequent and heavy breathing
- severe redness or excessive pallor of the mucous membranes (can be determined by the gums)
- tongue redness
- loss of coordination
- cat burps foam
- diarrhea in a cat
- muscle twitching (similar to how a person shakes hands)
- there may even be nosebleed
First aid for heat stroke in cats
All your efforts should be directed to lowering the body temperature of the animal, for this you need to measure the rectal temperature of the animal.
If the temperature does not exceed 40 ° C, wrap the fluff in a damp towel and apply cold to the head.
It may also help:
- you can apply alcohol compresses to the cat's paws
- turn on the fan or air conditioner
- keep your cat in a cool place
- give a drink of clean and cool water
The main thing is not to overdo it and not bring the animal to hypothermia (lowering body temperature below normal), so you should monitor your body temperature and measure it every 5 minutes.
After normalization of body temperature, the animal should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Even if it seems to you that everything is in order, do not neglect the trip to the doctor, because against the background of external well-being, you do not see whether the internal organs have suffered.
If the body temperature of the animal is above 40 ° C contact your veterinarian immediately!
After providing first aid and consulting a veterinarian, you should carefully monitor your pet, as cats who have received heat stroke once are more prone to re-condition. Therefore, it is important to ensure a comfortable and safe environment for your pet.
Monitor the presence of blood in the urine and consult your veterinarian about the appointment of a special diet for unloading the kidneys, since the excretory system, which includes the kidneys, is most affected by heat stroke.
For to avoid overheating or heat exhaustion in the cat follow simple and simple rules, namely:
- never leave an animal in a confined space (car, room, carrying for a cat)
- if your cat lives exclusively in an apartment, then do not block the animal’s access to cool places in your house
- keep cool and fresh water in sufficient quantity
- avoid physical activity for the animal in hot weather, even if the animal shows a desire to play and run
- if possible, turn on the fan or the air conditioner in the room
Heat stroke in cats - symptoms, treatment and prevention.
Cats like to sit in a “warm place”, whether indoors or outdoors, and often bathe in direct sunlight. They cope with high temperatures, as a rule, better than dogs, but, nevertheless, cats can suffer from heatstrokes if they are exposed to prolonged exposure to heat or very high temperatures. Overheating can happen not only in hot weather, but even in winter, when the cat can sit for a long time in a hot room, on a hot radiator, or even in an oven. Therefore, it is advisable to monitor the cat not only in the summer, they are also on cold winter days.
In hot weather, cats need a cool place where they can relax and avoid heat stroke. If your cat likes to go outside and walk in the sunny patio, then it might be a good idea to keep it at home, for example, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. If your house has a tendency to overheat, then perhaps you should think about a ventilation system to avoid the risk of a cat escaping, or install a ceiling fan that will provide the necessary air circulation. Make sure that you do not forget to provide your pet with fresh cold water that he can drink at any convenient time - like us, in hot weather, cats need to quench their thirst. If your cat likes wet foods in jelly or sauce, do not leave them during hot weather, as they will attract flies and can cause indigestion, or even food poisoning - in this situation, it is better to feed your pet often and in small portions.
Cats that go outside in the heat of the day, even if they are in a closed safe area, risk a sunstroke. And if you breed cats with access to the street, then you should be especially careful that they do not overheat. Again, access to fresh water and a cool bed will help to avoid, if not all, then severe overheating.
If you are going on vacation and your cat is left at home where her friends or neighbors will feed her twice a day, make sure that she will not suffer if the weather becomes very hot in your absence, and also make sure that she will not access to very hot radiators if you are going on winter vacation. Explain the cat’s “nanny” detailed instructions for keeping the cat out of direct sunlight, and possibly limit access to where you think it can get especially hot.
In cats with a very light color, especially in breeds with blue eyes, ears can be very tanned, which can also be quite painful for them. Color points, Siamese, Burmese, with cream, light or red color are especially prone to burning ears, as well as, of course, Cornish Rex and Devon Rex with rare fur, and naked sphinx. If the cat is about to sit in the sun, then it is wise to brush her ears with a small amount of regular sunscreen. Like humans, serious skin burns in cats can lead to some forms of skin cancer, so it’s important to take at least minimal precautions, and if the ears are still burnt, then the pet should be shown to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
If you are going to travel long distances with your cat in a car during hot weather, perhaps to a cat show or just on vacation, it is important to make sure that she will be in the shade during the trip. Try to choose a convenient carry with a large number of holes so that the cat does not suffocate in the heat. Put some kind of cover on top of the carry that will provide some shading. And, of course, you should not leave the cat unattended in a hot car, in hot weather with closed windows the car can heat up very quickly, and your pet can also quickly get a heat stroke and even die!
If, despite all your efforts, the cat received a heat stroke, then you must respond to it very quickly. Symptoms include severe shortness of breath, palpitations, excessive salivation, tongue and lips often become very red, but a bluish tinge later appears. Your cat will suddenly become very weak and upset, she will have a high temperature, which, if the overheating continues, can go into a coma, and then, possibly, lead to death. Having recognized the heat stroke, immediately remove the cat from the heat and try to lower its temperature with cold wet compresses, however, you must be careful not to overcool the cat too much, as a result of which hypothermia can develop. During this time, it is important to immediately contact the veterinarian and take the cat to the clinic as soon as possible, or act according to the instructions received, since every minute will be counted.
Heat stroke in dogs: symptoms, first aid and prevention (October 2019).
Just because our cats cannot complain about the extreme summer heat does not mean that they do not experience the same exhaustion, discomfort and general stickiness that we have. We bet your cat would also like to growl about the weather
maybe even a hiss in this storm meteorologist who predicts a heat of 100 degrees Fahrenheit for the third day in a row. But there comes a moment when just hot, sweaty and somewhat unhappy crosses the overheating line, and it is then that summer weather becomes dangerous for people and cats. Here's how you can help your cat beat the heat and how to avoid heat stroke in cats this summer.
First, what is heat stroke in cats?
How serious is heat stroke in cats? Photo © Tomwang112 | iStock / Getty Images Plus.
Thermal shock in cats occurs when a kitten is exposed to high temperature, and its body loses its ability to regulate its temperature, which leads to overheating. Heat stroke in cats is usually associated with temperatures above 104 ° F and should be taken very seriously.
What are the symptoms of heat stroke in cats?
Overheating in cats is associated with choking and sweaty legs, as kittens give off excessive heat. When you are at risk of heat stroke, your cat may seem restless or rude excessively. Symptoms of heat stroke in cats may also include rapid pulse and breathing, vomiting, stumbling, and lethargy.
According to Dr. Noreen Overeem, a veterinarian at the Rainbow Pet Hospital in Kansas City, Kansas, cats' heatstroke usually has a fever above 106 ° F or even 109 ° F. She also says that a cat suffering from heatstroke will experience panting and sharp respiration, blinds your eyes and feels hot.
“In modern cases, the cat can still feel very hot, but now (his) paws will be cold due to very poor blood circulation, as the heart circulation slows down,” says Dr. Overeem. “In the end, (the cat) may show minor hemorrhages on the bruises on the stomach, numbness and even seizures (which will cause the temperature to rise even higher due to muscle damage).”
Why can a cat bite?
In the same way as in humans, heat stroke in cats occurs when a kitten experiences prolonged exposure to an extremely hot environment. Boiler overheating can occur regardless of humidity. If a cat cannot find a shaded area or water to help it cool and adjust its temperature, it is at a certain risk of heat stroke.
it can come from overvoltages, usually bouts or run in very hot conditions, ”says Dr. Overeem. She adds that “situations such as being in a car when the internal temperature of the car continues to rise (or) get into a clothes dryer” (two situations in which your cat should never be!) Are also cases that can cause heat a blow in cats - and, unfortunately, they happen more often than you think.
Which cats are most at risk of heat stroke?
Does your cat have a greater risk for heat stroke? Photo © Viktor_Gladkov | iStock / Getty Images Plus.
In older cats and kittens, it is more difficult to regulate body temperature and, as a result, there is a greater risk of suffering from heat stroke. Overweight cats are also more prone to overheating, and much less effort is required to achieve heat stroke. Preexisting conditions, such as kidney disease and asthma, are also risk factors for heart stroke in cats.
Certain cat breeds — especially “stunned”, “flat” or brachycephalic cats — are also at higher risk for heat stroke, including Persians, Himalayans, British Shorthair and Scottish folds. And heat stroke in cats is more common in kittens with thick, dark fur than in cats with thin light fur.
How can you prevent heat stroke in cats?
Keeping your cat indoors, well-groomed and hydrated will go a long way in preventing heat stroke. But if this is not possible, Dr. Overeem says that getting an overheated cat from a hot environment (such as the sun) and on the way to the veterinarian is important, as the assessment will need to determine whether the kidneys, damage to the gastrointestinal tract or heart were damaged by cat overheating. Covering an overheating cat with wet towels and using a fan can also help lower the temperature of the cat’s core, but Dr. Overeem categorically says that severe heart beat in cats requires intensive treatment to avoid serious consequences.
“The cat needs immediate treatment. The longer you wait, the worse internal problems can arise, ”warns Dr. Overeem. “Don't wait to see if the cat will recover on its own. Basically, get your cat in an air-conditioned car on the way to the vet. ”
Plus, find out how to avoid heat stroke yourself this summer >>
July - CHILL ZONE on Catster.com! Learn how to keep your cat cool, calm and collected this summer in articles on preventing summer failures, relieving stress and more.
Emergency conditions in cats
Emergency conditions are characterized by an extremely serious condition of the animal in which you should immediately seek qualified help. Often, these diseases are life-threatening illnesses, any delay can lead to the death of the animal.
For adult animals, the most common cause of life-threatening conditions is trauma (electrical injury, frostbite, extensive injuries, sun and heat stroke) and poisoning with chemicals and poisons. Often, serious complications arise with the overreaction of the immune response - allergic conditions, which are accompanied by laryngeal edema and airway spasm.
Often emergency conditions occur in diseases of the internal organs - kidneys, liver, heart and lungs. Complicating the course of the underlying disease can lead to acute insufficiency of functions and a rapid increase in inhibition of the body.
Infectious diseases can also lead to serious life-threatening conditions due to dehydration of the body and its intoxication with exo and endotoxins of microorganisms.
Due to the variety of emergency conditions, the signs of disease are quite extensive. But there are a number of symptoms that cat owners should pay attention to and immediately consult a veterinarian:
- A complete refusal of food for more than a day - often occurs with infections, toxic lesions and other depressed conditions.
- Prolonged diarrhea, the detection of blood impurities in the feces, a change in its color, the presence of mucus, greenery or pus in the feces.
- Respiratory disorders - sudden, prolonged cough, shortness of breath, rapid breathing, intercostal space during breathing, wheezing.
- Foamy discharge from the nose and mouth, possibly pink.
- Change in color of mucous membranes and skin.
- Frequent vomiting "fountain", the presence of blood in it.
- Frequent urination in small portions, discoloration of urine. The presence of blood in it.
- Great thirst and diuresis.
If you have a cat, you should know the signs of emergency conditions in newborns. Very often, the carelessness of the owners leads to the death of the babies, as acute conditions develop at a tremendous speed and quickly lead to death.
With prolonged meowing kittens, pay attention to their satiety and whether they are warm. If these factors are excluded, then it is worth paying attention to their health.
Poor sucking and lethargy also indicate violations in the body. Usually, when problems arise, kittens can sleep in unnatural poses, sluggishly react to irritation, and when picked up, sag limp.
When kittens are dehydrated, turgor decreases - when the fold of skin taken in the hand does not straighten out for a long time.
Lag in growth and weight from peers, weight loss.
Treatment and prevention
In the event of an emergency, do not self-medicate, the sooner you arrive at the veterinary clinic - the more chances you have to survive with your pet. At home, you can only provide first aid - inject a steroid drug with signs of allergies or respiratory failure, rinse the wound and try to stop the bleeding by applying a tight bandage or finger clamping of the vessel.
Carefully monitor the health of your pet, do not allow the absence of treatment for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and infections.
Protect your cat from dangers, trying to ensure the most safe way of life - lack of access to toxic substances, electrical appliances and poisonous plants.
Heat stroke in a cat: signs, first aid and treatment
All mammals are equipped with the ability to release excess heat and maintain normal basal body temperature. The human body, with increasing temperature, is cooled by sweat - moisture evaporates, cooling the skin. The cat's body is also equipped with sweat glands, most of which are located on the paw pads. To cool the body of a cat, you only need one thing - to move to a cooler place, otherwise the body temperature will begin to rise and overheating will occur. A heat stroke in a cat is an acute and dangerous condition when the base body temperature rises to 40–40.5 ° C due to the influence of external factors.
How to avoid heat stroke
First of all, it is necessary to learn, a cat is not a person or even a dog, “murks” are much more difficult to tolerate hot weather, so you need to take care of the comfort of the animal in advance.
- There should always be plenty of clean water in the cat's access.
- The summer diet should be "light", but nutritious - lean meat, broths, milk, dairy products, fresh and boiled vegetables.
- Make sure that the cat can enter the bathroom or other cool room at any time (leave the door or laz open).
- Do not insist on active games - the animal “in their right mind” will not overheat for the sake of entertainment.
- If possible, cool the room with an air conditioner to 22–26 ° C.
Important! Never close a cat in a car, garage or room without airing - in hot weather, “stagnant” air heats up literally every minute.
No matter how hot it is, categorically it is impossible:
- To wet a cat with a view to cooling - wet coat and draft - a cold, pneumonia. A slight wetting of the coat is allowed - stroke the cat with a wet hand.
- Allow the animal to lie in the direction of the air flow from the split system - see point 1.
- Feed the animal frozen food and give too cold water - tonsillitis.
How to detect heat stroke in a cat
The primary signs of heat stroke are a signal for urgent action, the longer the animal overheats, the more damage is done to all internal organs, including the brain.
- An increase in body temperature above 40 ° C.
- Increased heart rate, the norm of 100-140 beats.
- Redness of the mucous membranes, "mesh" of bursting vessels under the eyelids.
- Often breathing with an open mouth and with protruding tongue, shortness of breath.
The above symptoms indicate that the body is struggling. If help is not provided and the animal cannot cool, the temperature continues to rise, at an index of 43 ° C, damage to the kidneys, nervous system, destruction of the intestinal microflora and heat shock. Changes are expressed:
- Loss of consciousness, precomplete state.
- A sharp decrease in body temperature and cyanosis of the mucous membranes.
Death from overheating occurs rather slowly, and the chances of saving the animal are quite high. However, with long heat fever, irreversible changes in the blood and nervous system of the animal occur that cannot be cured after.
Important! Use extreme caution if you do not know if there has been an overheating. Similar symptoms indicate fever due to illness. However, first aid for heatstroke is not effective for fever.
First aid for cat overheating
Naturally, the owner’s goal is to cool the cat, without causing harm:
- Move the animal to a cool place. Lay the cat on a cool surface (tiled floor, linoleum, glass).
- Put ice or cooling compresses on the pulsating points and paw pads - armpits, inner thigh. Pre-wrap ice packs in film and thin cloth.
- Monitor the rate of temperature drop with a thermometer.
- Give your cat plenty of water - clean water.
- Protect your pet from stress, fuss and do not panic when the cat is nervous, her temperature rises.
- After cooling to an acceptable temperature, immediately bring the cat to the veterinarian or call a doctor at home. Pathological consequences can develop within 3-5 days after overheating.
Important! Cooling should take place gradually, your task is to lower the temperature to 39.5 in 1-1.5 hours. Do not panic and do not try to dip the cat in cold water - a sharp temperature contrast will simultaneously damage many blood vessels, which will provoke heart failure.
Heat Stroke Treatment
Heat stroke, a condition called hyperpyrexia, is a critical increase in body temperature. A special risk group is cats with “snub-nosed” faces, animals with cardiovascular insufficiency, overweight, and “artificial” breeds. The risk group is particularly difficult to tolerate heat stroke and its consequences. In the warm season, it is necessary to update the first-aid kit and control the availability of:
- Alcohol - for the manufacture of cooling compresses.
- Liquid ammonia - in case of loss of orientation, rub a small amount on pulsating and exposed areas of the skin. Avoid getting ammonia on the face or nose of the pet - there is a high risk of loss of smell.
- Rubber heating pad.
- Drugs that stimulate cardiac activity.
It is strictly forbidden to use antipyretic drugs - paracetamol, ibuprofen and others.
If you observe a rapid “attenuation” of the animal, a drop in temperature, or fainting — don’t think about what to do and don’t look for advice on the forums — rush the animal to the vet. When obvious physiological disorders occur, the following treatment is used:
- To relieve shock - dextrose 50–80 ml / kg in combination with a solution of sodium chloride (0.45%) - dropwise or subcutaneously.
- Signs of kidney failure are dopomin and furosemide intravenously. In a hospital setting, catheterization of the bladder.
- Diarrhea - broad-spectrum antibiotics.
- Tremor and convulsions - diazepam and phenobarbital intravenously.
- Panic, fear - oxymorphone intravenously.
Most of the “aggressive” measures are intravenous injections, excessive manipulations for most owners, so it is better to provide the treatment to a professional or take emergency care courses.
Heat stroke in cats: signs, symptoms, treatment, prevention
Heat stroke or hyperthermia occurs when body temperature rises above 40 degrees. The reasons for this may be different: a long pastime in the sun, being in a stuffy, closed room, overheating due to physical exertion and so on.
Nature has given cats the ability to deal with excess heat. When their body overheats, they stick out their tongues and often breathe. However, it happens that a cat, for example, has impaired breathing or blood circulation, and its body simply cannot cope with the release of excess heat. In this case, heat stroke occurs.
How heat stroke can be dangerous
Heat stroke is not so dangerous that it can cause serious consequences. However, pet health troubles can begin.
With heat stroke, the cat's heart rate increases and the mucous membranes of the skin expand. This leads to disturbances in the activity of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Heat stroke provokes vomiting and diarrhea. Bleeding from the nose may begin.
It happens that a cat, for example, has impaired breathing or blood circulation, and its body simply cannot cope with the release of excess heat. In this case, heat stroke occurs.
The most serious blow in case of hyperthermia is taken by the urinary system and kidneys.
With heat stroke, the cat's heart rate quickens and the mucous membranes of the skin expand. This leads to disturbances in the activity of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
First aid for cat with heat stroke
If your pet has hyperthermia, then first you need to lower his body temperature. In cats, it is measured rectally. Normal temperature for them is 38-39 degrees. If the body temperature exceeds 40 degrees, then you can wrap the pet in a damp towel and put ice on his head.
There are several more effective methods:
- Put the cat in a cool place, give water.
- Apply compresses to the cat's paws.
- Turn on the air conditioner or fan to “refresh” the victim.
- If the body temperature exceeds 40 degrees, then you can wrap the pet in a damp towel and put ice on his head.
If the above methods do not help, then it is advisable to show the animal to the veterinarian. Perhaps, due to heat stroke, some complication has developed and the treatment prescribed by the doctor will be required to restore the pet’s health to normal.
Prevention of hyperthermia in cats
Cats that once received heatstroke will suffer this phenomenon many more times.. Therefore, it is better to prevent this phenomenon than to treat it later.
If the body temperature exceeds 40 degrees, then you can wrap the pet in a damp towel and put ice on his head.
For the prevention of hyperthermia, it is worth remembering a few rules:
- Do not leave your pet in the open sun, especially if the street is hot and stuffy.
- Do not leave your pet in stuffy, enclosed spaces.
- Do not let the cat walk or play for too long, no matter how much she wants it.
- Use fans and air conditioning to keep your room fresh and cool.
Heat in cats
Heat is a sensation of excess heat in the body. An increase in temperature in a cat is most often a signal of animal health problems.
Of course, not every appearance of heat speaks about serious problems. But this condition of the cat requires increased attention from the breeder.
Heat is one of the symptoms of a fever and is often used as its synonym, although it is not always the same. Unlike a fever, which can be accompanied by chills and general poor health, the fever is local and localized in the focus of change. General fever is associated with an increase in body temperature of the animal.
Causes of Heat
The heat itself is a sign of pathological changes occurring in the body of the animal. This is rather a subjective sensation of a cat, from which she tries to get rid of:
- laid on the floor (often sick animals with persistent fever lie on the cold floor),
- looking for a draft
- often breathes through the mouth
- becomes lethargic and lethargic,
- loses appetite
- if the heat is localized in a specific place on the animal’s body, the cat often does not allow it to be touched,
- breathing heavily
- drinks water.
In addition, the cat may have dry mucous membranes, the nose will become warm, and the coat may become lumpy. In general heat, the animal can tremble continuously.
When the body temperature rises, the breeder should observe the general condition of the animal especially closely. This stmpt often tells the breeder that the animal’s body is actively fighting pathogenic microorganisms. Even if the heat is localized.
Fever is a typical process in the body that is characterized by a temporary increase in body temperature, developed during evolution in cats, as a protective reaction to the introduction of a pathogen. Fever develops under the influence of specific substances, pyrogens, and is accompanied by periodic bouts of heat and a feeling of freezing. A man would say that he was “shivering." The animal usually experiences a feeling of cold when the temperature rises, and a feeling of heat at a stable and decreasing temperature.
In the presence of heat, one should not panic and, moreover, solder a cat with antipyretic drugs. It is enough to watch the animal for several hours.
If you notice that the fever does not subside, but rather intensifies, other symptoms are added to it, then the pet most likely needs medical attention. With an increase in body temperature and heat in a cat for several hours, it must be delivered continuously to the veterinary clinic, because this condition can be a sign of a serious illness and lead to the death of the animal.
There are many reasons for the heat. Among the main experts distinguish:
Normal for cats is considered a body temperature of 38-39 degrees. Cats are thermophilic animals, therefore their temperature is higher than in humans. At the same time, for example, for sphinxes, a temperature of 40 degrees is considered normal.
You can measure the cat's body temperature rectally (this is the most indicative method). It is also possible to place a thermometer in the animal’s ear (but if it is inserted incorrectly or if the cat is worried, the result may be distorted).
For most breeds, cause for concern is temperatures above 40 degrees.
If fever is a local reaction of the body and is observed at the site of a wound, bite or injury, then the animal is not given antipyretic drugs. Local treatment with ointments is carried out. Antibacterial therapy is also carried out (in case of inflammation). If fever is the result of bruises or closed injuries, then veterinarians recommend applying ice and cold compresses to the sore spot.
In case of allergies and poisoning, treatment is carried out aimed at eliminating toxic substances from the body. In this case, the heat also recedes.
In case of infections, antibiotic therapy is given.
Unfortunately, if a persistent increase in the body is associated with metabolic disorders or oncology, then it is difficult to cope with it. To alleviate the condition of the pet, veterinarians offer breeders the use of strong antipyretic drugs in the form of injections or in tablet form.
Symptomatic diet and procedures
If the fever is associated with high temperature, and it is not caused by stress, lasts more than a few hours, the animal must be taken to a veterinary clinic for a consultation.
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If the cause of the heat is known, then, in addition to medicines prescribed by a specialist, it is recommended to use physical methods:
- A rag moistened with cold water can be placed on the cat’s forehead. In places of passage of the main vessels close to the skin (neck, inner thigh), you can also attach a cold wet towel.
- Also, the cat is best placed in a cold room, prepare a bowl of cold water for drinking.
- To restore the lost fluid, you can water the animal with a solution of Regidron (in the ratio of 1 sachet per liter of water at room temperature). In this case, most likely, the animal will refuse to drink on its own. Then it is necessary to fill 2-3 syringes of the solution into the jaws of the cat every one and a half to two hours.
- You can not bathe the cat, bring it to the air conditioner or fan for cooling. Too fast heat loss can cause even more problems.
- You can lubricate the pads with alcohol or vinegar, but not more than 1 time per hour.
- It is also useful to lightly wet the animal’s hair by simply stroking it with a wet hand or a damp towel. As the coat dries, the procedure can be repeated until the temperature drops to normal.
- Well lowers the temperature tincture of Echinacea, diluted in a small amount of water. The recommended dose is 1 drop per 1 kilogram of cat weight.