- These dogs need daily grooming. Although the dogs molt little, the wool is easily knocked into tangles. If you do not have time for this, look for another breed.
- By nature, they are independent and independent. Without training, these qualities will make the dog uncontrollable.
- Socialization is needed to avoid aggression towards people and animals whom they do not know. They are born to guard and take their responsibilities seriously.
- They are aggressive towards other dogs, especially the same sex.
- They need a powerful boss, but not cruel. The dog must understand what is allowed and what is not.
Briards appeared in France around the 10th century and were known as Chien Berger De Brie (Brie's shepherd shepherd), as it was believed that the birthplace of dogs was the province of Brie. However, these shepherds were common throughout France.
These dogs were created for the protection and management of flocks of sheep, and they themselves chose what to do at a particular moment. This is a difference between French shepherd dogs and shepherd dogs, which either guarded or ran the herd.
Briards, on the other hand, had to be prepared for any situations, understand new teams and carry out the work required of them.
Most often they were used in populated areas of France, where crops grew along the roads. Sheep had to get to pasture, along the roads along these fields and not damage the seedlings.
Dogs drove the sheep to pasture early in the morning, and drove home in the evening. At night they performed guard functions, protecting sheep from thieves and wolves.
At the withers they reach 58-69 cm. Earlier, the ears were stopped, but today in most European countries this is prohibited and the ears remain in good condition.
Briard is a large dog whose appearance speaks of strength, endurance and sensitivity. Males at the withers 58-69 cm, females 55-65 cm. Since this is a service dog, its weight is not limited to the standard, but for males it varies between 30-45 kg, for females 25-30 kg.
The coat is long and requires regular grooming. The outer shirt is dry, tough and coarse. When it passes between the fingers, it creates a dry, rustling sound. She lies along the body, gathering in long, slightly wavy curls.
The longest coat on the dog’s shoulders, its length can reach 15 cm or more. The undercoat is small and dense throughout the body. The head and muzzle are plentifully covered with hair, thick eyebrows grow up that hide the eyes. However, the amount of hair should not be excessive, such that it completely closes the eyes or distorts the shape of the head.
The color is most often red, gray or black, but there may be variations of these colors. Deep colors are preferable, a combination of two colors is allowed, but not in the form of spots.
Two-tone colors should be in the form of a smooth and symmetrical transition from one color to another. Pure white dogs are not allowed. White is permissible only in the form of individual white hair or as a white spot on the chest, not more than 2.5 cm in diameter.
Eyes wide apart, interrogative look. Eye color black or dark brown. The ears are covered with hair, thick, set high on the head. The nose is black, square with large nostrils. The lips are black, tight. Scissor bite.
Briards are known for their light, resilient gait, almost feline. They can explode in motion, instantly turn around and suddenly stop. During movement, they seem to glide above the surface without touching the ground.
The breed is not recommended for inexperienced owners who have not dealt with dogs. If you decide to get a dog for the first time, then study the breed, consider the temperament and habits of your family, before making decisions.
These large, loving and intelligent dogs require a lot of time and attention. And they also need a leader, training and early socialization. But, if you decide to make yourself a briar, you will get much more in return.
French actress Gabi Morlaix (1893-1964) called the breed "hearts wrapped in furs." They are loyal and loyal to their family, love children of all ages and will never refuse to play.
However, young children need to be looked after and taught not to hurt dogs. Despite their size, French briards are suitable for living in an apartment, as they are calm and quiet.
Soft, but fearless, by nature they are protectors. These are excellent watchmen with good hearing, attention to changes around and lack of fear. Since they are sensitive to change, if you bring something new to the house (from the child to the furniture), first introduce the dog to him. She needs to understand that this is something good and harmless.
Socialization is inseparable from the instinct ordering to protect the owner and family. It should start from the moment you bring the puppy home. Acquaintance with different people, animals, smells and places should become a routine, and this practice should continue throughout the dog’s life.
Acquaintance with the world outside the house and new people will help the dog become happy, confident and friendly. By nature, they are distrustful of strangers, so when meeting people, they must respect the dog and its personal space.
Briards are aggressive towards other dogs, especially males. Some do not like cats, although if they grew up together, they carry them. Their instinct tells them to control other animals, and for this they pinch their legs, as they do with sheep. In general, it is better not to let them off the leash in the city.
For beginners, these dogs are not recommended because they are a dominant breed, independent and not dog-sensitive to the leader’s weakness. They quickly learn, they have a good memory and a great desire to please a person. Briards are able to remember and understand many commands, keys and poses.
But, they are created for independent decision making and can be very stubborn. Their instinct tells them to control the situation and the owner must be a solid leader all the time.
Moreover, they are sensitive to rudeness and anger, this does not work with them and only spoils the character. Hardness and strict rules, where the boundaries are drawn that the dog can cross, that’s what the dog needs.
Like other breeds, they need physical and mental activity. Walking, jogging, even swimming are welcomed by the French Shepherd.
Under normal load, they live quietly in the apartment. But a house with a yard is still preferable. They live well in the village, but you should not let them out on the street because of the pugnacious nature.
You have to spend two to three hours a week caring for your dog’s coat. Their long hair requires daily combing. The good news is that they molt a little and almost no wool comes from them. The sooner you start to teach your puppy procedures, the better.
Their coat is sometimes compared to goat, it repels water and dirt, making frequent washing unnecessary. It can wash away the protective layer of fat on the coat, this will lead to loss of shine, coat health.
The rest of the care comes down to inspecting and cleaning the ears, trimming the claws and hair between the toes.
Briards suffer from the same diseases as other large breeds. Their life expectancy is 10-12 years. Common causes of death are bowel obstruction and cancer.
Inversion of the intestines is common among large breeds with a deep chest. Preventive measures are simple - do not overfeed the dog and do not feed it before walking.
The history of the origin of the Briard breed
The ancestors of the Briards, like most other shepherd breeds, came to Europe with the eastern tribes of nomads. In France, a native cattle-breeding country, they have become an integral part of farming. The name Briar Shepherd, emphasizing territorial affiliation, first appeared in the 19th century. That is exactly what Abat Rosier called large, long-haired dogs that can graze cattle and possess other talents in his Course on Farming.
Officially, the history of the breed begins in 1963, when briards were first introduced to the show. The Briards entered the pedigree book of French dogs in 1885. In 1897, a standard was developed and approved at the French Shepherd Dog Club.
During the world wars, dogs were used by the French army for communication between sentries, as orderlies and wanted dogs. In the aftermath of the war years, the breed was on the verge of extinction, but, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, it was completely restored and even made better. To improve the appearance, the breeders poured blood to the briars of barbets and bossers.
Briards can be found in films, mainly family comedies, for example, Dennis the Tormentor and The Karate Dog.
Video review about the dog breed Briard:
Appearance and Standards
Briards are beautiful, moving dogs of harmonious constitution, which should give the impression of strength, speed and extraordinary intelligence. They are large and strong with a dry type of constitution, strong skeleton and well-developed muscles. The format is a little stretched (108/110). Height - 56-68 cm, weight - 32-50 kg.
Head and face
The rectangular shape of the head is not coarse and not heavy, long enough and moderately wide. The forehead is slightly convex. Stop expressed well. The nose is large, square in shape with open nostrils, black. Ears are set high, at a moderately wide distance. Auricle on the outside covered with long hair. At rest, the tips of the ears hang on the cartilage, when excited, rise. The eyes are large and expressive, rounded in shape, set straight. The color is dark brown. The eyelids are tight, dry, well pigmented. Jaws are powerful, lips are dry and firm. The bite is correct.
The neck is set high, has the shape of a truncated cone, medium length. The top line is slightly down. The back is straight, moderately wide. The loin is convex, short. The croup is slightly sloping. The tail is set low, long, thick at the base. In a calm state it falls down, but the tip is kept bent up. The chest is deep, egg-shaped. The stomach is moderately tightened. Straight limbs set in parallel. The hind legs should have dewclaws with two phalanges. Paws are strong, arched. The claws and paw pads are black.
- Breed Name: Briard
- Country of origin: France
- Weight: males 30-40 kg, females 25-35 kg
- Height (height at the withers): males 62-68 cm, females 56-64 cm
- Life span: 11-13 years old
- Briard is smart, sharp-witted and well aware of his own strength, so in the learning process he often strives to insist on his own.
- The dog’s long, dry coat almost does not fade, but it intensively stalks into tangles. So if you do not want the pet’s body to turn into a solid untidy “felt boot”, do not neglect its daily combing.
- Despite the somewhat heavier build, briards are very frisky creatures. The running shepherd is swiftly elegant and demonstrates almost cat's grace in movement.
- In everyday life, representatives of this breed are calm and friendly, but only if their owner is a person with pronounced leadership qualities. Owners who do not have experience in raising dogs with a dominant character should not train on Briar shepherds.
- With proper training, a briar from a shepherd easily transforms into a responsible watchman who will never give up his positions and will protect the owner’s home and property to the last.
- Briards do not stand on ceremony with other dogs, so if another “tail” has come into view of the animal, get ready for a conflict, or even a serious fight. With cats, things are almost the same, with the exception of the kotofey, with whom the dog spent his childhood and youth.
- The worst thing you can think of for a briar is to make him compete for other caresses with other pets. For pets inferior to the shepherd in size and cunning, such experiments end, as a rule, sadly.
- Briard is a very energetic breed that retains interest in active entertainment until old age, so do not expect a dog to have a “retirement” age of degree and imposingness.
Briard is an energetic dog with a bright, memorable image and a truly strong character. Having made a reputation for his outstanding abilities for shepherding, the shaggy intellectual has always been distinguished by his tremendous love of life, developed intuition and ability to win over a person. Getting along with briar means not trying to educate him into the performer of his momentary whims, because this stylish handsome man is ready to serve, but not to serve. In addition, you will have to take into account the proprietary manners of the breed: a briar is that dog that will not leave room in your heart for another fluff.
Briard - a charming raster with a hipster bang, wrapped in a long, shaggy "fur coat". The sexual type of the representatives of this breed is pronounced, so the briar bitches are noticeably smaller (average height - 56-64 cm) and more elegant than males. At the same time, the boys are also not too baggy and quite graceful.
The deceptive negligence and rustic appearance of the briards is in fact the result of many years of work by tribal specialists. Yes there! French breeders are shaking over their wards, like a real living rarity, in attempts to preserve the pristine appearance of dogs and by all means to avoid the slightest changes in their image. Perhaps that is why in the breed standard more space is given to listing possible defects and defects of the Briar Shepherd Dogs than to describing their exterior features.
The large, dark eyes of the dog are set straight, without tilting. Steel color of the iris is permissible only for individuals with gray wool.
Since ancient times, the ears of the Briar Shepherd dogs have been stopped, because of which the earloop assumed a standing position. Today, EU countries have abandoned this procedure, so modern French briards have short, high-set and slightly adjacent ears. In Russia, stopping has not yet outlived itself, but when acquiring a puppy whose veterinarian has already worked on his ears, remember: it is better not to show such a briar at European exhibitions.
The strong, muscular neck of the briar resembles a truncated cone in shape and gradually grows into shoulders.
Both the front and rear legs of the briar are very strong, muscular, set upright. Hock joints with moderate angles are not too low. Feet are strong, resembling feline, with elastic pads. The claws are black. A distinctive feature of the breed is double dewclaws on both hind limbs.
- Height above or below the standard specified by more than 2 cm.
- Brown or pink lobe.
- Strong overshot.
- The absence of any three teeth or two lower fourth premolars.
- Disagreement. Eyes too light.
- Too low-set ears with folds or fused cartilage.
- Unparalleled set of hind legs.
- The vertical position of the tail or tail thrown onto the back.
- Claws of white color.
- Incomplete set of dewclaws or their complete absence.
- The length of the coat is less than 7 cm, hair with a pronounced curl, too soft.
- The presence of white spots on the body and white hairs on the legs.
- Fawn with black color, the presence of a black "cloak" on the body of the shepherd.
Parenting and training
Briards are unusually memorable, understanding, but not without stubbornness, students who need a special key. By the way, applying punishments to them, especially physical ones, means only worsening the matter and forever losing their trust. In the shower, you can scold the shepherd as much as you like, but do not allow yourself to take out the irritation on it.Briard is not born to blindly obey instructions. This is a thinking dog, with its own views on life in general and on training in particular. But if a pet has at least once completed a command as required by the rules, do not hesitate, he will not forget this and will easily repeat the “feat” even after 2-3 months.
The desire to dominate and take the place of the owner for the briars is a completely normal phenomenon. Moreover, if males go straight ahead, asserting their own authority, then bitches act by deceit, devising ingenious strategies for circumventing rules. If you notice that it becomes difficult to cope with the dog, entrust its training to a professional - save your nerves and do not let the animal run.
If we talk about training courses, then with briards most often pass OKD (General Training Course) and UGS (Guided City Dog). In addition, shepherd dogs have a clear penchant for sporting disciplines such as agility, freestyle, skijoring and wave pulling. The IPO (International Obedience System) course briards also click like seeds, and, unlike most other breeds, these "French" are able to acquire new knowledge at any age. And of course, do not forget about the main qualification of the breed - a shepherd’s service, tests on which briars usually pass with the highest score.
You can drive the dog to the training site from 6-7 months, and training in elementary rules of behavior and the simplest teams is allowed to start at the age of 4 months. The best way to socialize a Briard puppy is to walk with him along the busy streets so that the baby stops being afraid. To force a pet to love other dogs in this way, of course, will not work, but to help him come to terms with the inevitability of their presence in his life is quite real. The owners of the briards are advised to wind the leash on their hands and walk their wards in places of maximum concentration of dog lovers and their four-legged pupils.
Maintenance and care
Despite the rather impressive dimensions, the Briard is not a yard shepherd and living in a booth, especially in the cold season, is contraindicated for him. The habit of a mild French climate in the breed has not disappeared. In the summer, the animal can be moved to an aviary, where it will be quite comfortable for him. As for the housing maintenance: everything is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. A properly educated briar does not rush headlong around the apartment and does not make a mess, which means it does not take up much space. True, it takes longer to walk such a dog, and even better - to record it on some training course, where she can run for pleasure.
Briar’s long, dry hair does not shed in the full sense of the word, it simply forms tangles. But since trimming the representatives of this breed among dog lovers is not accepted, they will often have to be thoroughly combed. First, the wool is worked through with a rare comb to remove the trash tangled in it and partially break down the fallen areas, after which a massage comb or comb with frequent cloves is passed along the “fur coat”. If the moment is missed, and the tricks nevertheless appeared, try to disassemble them. Arm yourself with a koltunorez only in the most extreme case, when the fallen wool is no longer amenable to unraveling.
Important: combing the briar “dry” can ruin the structure of its coat and put the dog under additional stress. You must use an air conditioner designed to facilitate this procedure.
The dog's mustache and beard is also regularly combed out. In addition, you will have to constantly monitor their cleanliness, as during feeding they invariably get dirty. Sheepdogs do not cut stylish bangs on their heads, but if the hair grows too intensively, it is slightly milled (thinned out) with hairdressing scissors and pulled together with an elastic band. However, if you keep the dog for the soul and are not going to storm the exhibition, you can shorten the hair a little. The main thing is that after a haircut, the dog will guess the briar, and not the overgrown lap-dog. It is necessary to cut the hair between the fingers, which quickly gets dirty, stray into lumps, preventing the animal from walking.
Frequent bathing by the briars is not recommended, since they lead to uncontrolled discharge of the undercoat, so if your ward lives in the house, periodically sitting in the courtyard aviary, wash it once every couple of months. The capricious "townspeople" living in apartments can be bathed more often, about once or twice a month. By the way, at the same time get ready to smell a specific smell, as the wet hair of a briar strongly gives away sheepskin. As for exhibition individuals, it is better to wash them not on the eve of the event, but at least a week before it.
Do not forget about high-quality cosmetics, without which the wool of these charismatic "Monsieur" will not be so airy and shiny. This means that periodically it is necessary to unfasten not the smallest amounts for shampoo, conditioner, cream to facilitate combing and other groomer lotions that give the dog's hair gloss and the necessary softness.
The eyes and ears of the briars do not need specific care. Just keep track of their cleanliness using a standard arsenal of products: auricle cleaning lotion, cotton buds, chamomile infusion to relieve minor eye inflammation. An exception is dogs with an uncropped hanging earloop, prone to otitis media. For such individuals, standard cleaning will not be enough, therefore, to improve ventilation, they will have to thin out their hair in the ear canal. The claws of the briar shepherd dogs are sheared as they grow, with a guillotine-type clipper, which is less likely to injure the dog.
Briards are not picky about food and do not need delicacies. A healthy dog that gets the right load is ready to be content with sinewy meat trimmings and offal mixed in buckwheat, herculean or rice cereal. Sea fish of the cod briar family is also possible, but not more often than once a week. An excellent addition to the main diet of the dog will be low-fat dairy products, vegetables (carrots, zucchini, pumpkin), greens from the garden. As additional sources of macro- and microelements, kelp and vegetable oil (1 tablespoon) are suitable.
Naturally, one must understand that with such a uniformity of the briar menu, mineral feeding from a veterinary pharmacy will be required. In particular, owners of animals that are not distinguished by the richness and quality of their coat, opt for complexes with vitamin B, biotin, and methionine. Do not rush to the other extreme, feeding briar with all existing vitamins. Bags of dietary supplements will not help turn a pet into an ideal dog, but they will easily and quickly plant a liver.
How many times to feed
A two-month-old briar is fed up to 6 times a day, as it grows older, reducing the number of meals. At 8 months, puppies are fully transferred to an adult diet and two meals a day. Inactive adults (from 2 years old) can also slightly cut rations, for example, feed them only once a day.
Important: briars are prone to inversion of the stomach, so a dog should eat at least two hours before a walk. If you have a tradition of feeding your ward after festivities, wait at least one hour and only then give the animal food.
The French Briard combines power, harmony and a "hipster" appearance. This is a working dog, but its long coat requires no less care than a coat of decorative dogs.
|Height||62-68 cm males, 56-64 cm females.|
|Constitution||Strong, knocked down, but not rude. The muscles are developed, the skin elastically grasps the body.|
|Body||Elongated, slightly longer in height. The back is straight, falls to a strong croup. The neck is conical, of medium length, and stands high. The chest is deep with rounded ribs. The loin is convex, the stomach is moderately matched.|
|Head||Rectangular and long - reaches 40% of the height. The width is slightly less than the length. The forehead is convex, pronounced stop.|
|Lips||Dry, tightly close teeth, black pigmentation.|
|The ears||They stand high and wide, cleaned with thick long hair. The ears hang down on the cartilage, in excitement, they rise. Do not adhere to the cheekbones. |
In Europe, ear cupping is prohibited. In Russia, they prefer French briards with cropped ears.
|Eyes||Large, rounded, stand wide. Overhanging eyebrows cover them. Color - black or rich brown. Gray dogs are allowed eyes to match the color.|
|Nose||Black, square, nostrils well open.|
|Limbs||Straight, parallel, skeleton and muscles are developed. Muscular relief is visible on the hind legs.|
|Paws||Pads are strong, gathered in a lump, with black claws. Puppies are born with a single dewclaw on their front paws and a double on their hind legs. |
On the forelegs, the rudimentary finger is stopped, on the hind legs they are retained. Fingers with two phalanxes are a distinctive feature of the French Shepherd, indicating their ancient origin.
|Tail||In the form of J, it stands low, tapers from end to end. Removed by wavy, long hair. It comes to the hock joints or falls below them by 5 cm. When running, the dog carries a tail on the back line.|
|Wool||Long, thick, with a small wave, falls on the sides. Reminds goat. On the body it reaches 15 cm, on the head a little shorter. The hair forms a parting on the crown, on the muzzle - a beard and eyebrows, which partially close the eyes.|
|Color||Any one color, except white. Dark shades are preferred - gray, brownish, black, deer, red.|
The French Briard moves freely, smoothly, with a cat's step, as if gliding above the ground. This is one of the most beautiful dogs in the work.
Photos will not convey the charm of the “gait” of the dog, but if you look at it live - you will certainly fall in love.
There is no sphere in which the Briar Shepherd would not shine. They are used as:
- shepherds, watchmen, guards, guides, rescuers, bloodhounds.
French briards can handle any sport discipline. Agile or whitpooling, freestyle or vacation cross dogs - dogs can do everything with their inherent ease and equanimity.
History, description and breed standard
Briard was bred in France in the 7th century in the Brie region, where the name of the dog came from. Since that time, the appearance of the pet has undergone major changes, the modern standard was reached only in 1809. The main distinguishing feature of the breed is a thick coat that looks like a sheep.
Traditionally, the Briard was a shepherd guarding herds on the French plains. However, during the years of World War II, pets were also used as guard dogs. Some individuals participated in the search for the wounded. Animals coped well with their new responsibilities, once again demonstrating their intelligence and independence. See the list of cattle breeds on this page. - https://dogfact.ru/klassifikaciya-sobak/pastushi/
Photo: French Longhair Shepherd Briard - shepherd dog
Today, the French Shepherd is one of the most popular breeds in its homeland. The distribution of the breed occurs far beyond France.
Briard has a strong, muscular body. The average height at the withers is about 62 cm, the average weight is 33 kg. The breed has a lifespan of 12 years.
Psychology and character
Briard breed independently evaluates any situation and decides how to react to it. This can be both a plus and a minus for the owner. However, when a person demonstrates his leadership, briar becomes flexible, and lends itself well to training.
The breed is extremely sociable. Moreover, human society is optional. The dog can feel comfortable in the company of other animals. If the dog was treated undeservedly rudely, then the animal closes in itself and goes into lonely thoughts. However, restoring friendships is not so difficult - just treat the pet with something tasty and scratch behind the ear. The breed is not inclined to hold a grudge for a long time.
Briard is not inclined to show signs of aggression. Only an uncompromising situation can force him to this, where it is not possible to do otherwise. The pet gets along well with other tetrapods, if any, in the house. The breed is distinguished by the makings of a workaholic, dogs are willing to work constantly, subject to praise from the owner.
Pets are sensual natures, the approach to them lies through affection and kindness, which they return three times. By virtue of its independence, the dog will not bother you or bother you. Seeing that a person is busy, the dog will simply go about his business.
The dog has a special love for children, allowing them much more than they should. At the same time, parents may not be afraid to leave the pet alone with their child. Briard is not inclined to violent games with children, he behaves like a nanny, protecting children.
Photo: Briard dog and baby
Briard Breed: Care Features
- wool - despite the long coat, it is enough to comb the dog every 5-7 days with a special brush. Shedding goes unnoticed by residents. Every 3-4 months grooming is recommended. You can bathe your pet no more than once every 1-2 months, otherwise you risk drying your skin, causing allergic reactions. Regularly cut the hair from the inside of the ears and pads of the paws,
- eyes and ears - cleansing with a cotton swab,
- claws - it is necessary to cut them off if the dog leads a not too active lifestyle, and they do not have time to grind naturally,
- walking - Pets just love running and playing in the open, keeping the briar in the apartment will be torture for both the owner and the dog. The minimum time for a walk is 50 minutes a day,
- training - Use motivational praise methods. The training system should be diverse, otherwise the dog will get bored quickly and refuse to perform boring tricks,
- nutrition - the basis of the diet should be meat and offal, additionally use cereals, vegetables and fruits. Potatoes and baked goods that provoke bloating and incomplete digestion are prohibited. It is allowed to use dry feed, but not lower than the super premium class.
How to choose a briar puppy?
Healthy babies of the breed are very well-fed and active, they have an increased appetite and curiosity. Puppies have clean ears and eyes, the nose should be slightly moist. An indicator of health is also courage, the baby should not be afraid of a person, but, on the contrary, show interest in him.
How to buy a Briard puppy? Price
Puppies at a young age meet the breed standards, so pay attention to the appearance of the briar. In Russia, this breed is more likely a curiosity than a common type. The number of nurseries is limited, which explains high selling price.
The Briard dog breed combines many wonderful qualities, however, the most characteristic features are courage, devotion and a huge, kind dog heart. So kind that in France there is a saying - "Briard, this is a heart wrapped with wool."
Briard is very attached to his family and master, and loves being around no matter what you do. Here it’s more important for the dog to feel contact and interaction with the owner than to distinguish between any particular type of activity. Although, of course, the dog has his favorite activities - and this, of course, walks, games, exercises and even household chores, if the dog has the opportunity to help them. For example - to drag a garden cart for an elderly housewife who lives in a private house or gets out to the cottage.
Briard is a shepherd dog breed, and this is reflected in everyday life within the family. A pet may try to control its family like a herd, pushing you or floating its voice. But these animals are very affectionate and love their people forever, although they can be stubborn and at some point they can even try to put themselves in the role of leader. This quality partly comes, again, from the shepherd’s past. It is quite possible to work with this, but you need to start from a very early age, showing your dog who, so to speak, is the owner and leader in the house.
This is a wonderful dog for the family, a great companion with whom is always interesting and fun. They have a higher than average energy level, need daily walks, active games and physical exercises, as in the absence of activity they can gain excess weight, in addition, this negatively affects the character of the dog.
Strangers are taken with restraint, with disbelief, although if they are friends of your family and they often visit your house, the dog will get used to them and be friendly. They treat children very well, but there is one subtle point. If you get a dog, but you don’t have children yet and they will appear a little later, then you will need to introduce your pet to the children. This will expand his horizons and give him an idea of this, so to speak, slightly different variety of human beings.
The Briard breed has a great intellect, perfectly understands everything that is happening around them, understands the person and knows how to well recognize various behavioral hints. The dog, among other things, feels the emotional state of the owner, and is always glad to provide support with its presence. But this dog is more likely to be a homebody, and even if you have a private house with your own yard, your pet will rather choose your company inside the house than loneliness outside. But briar is still a great watchdog, alert and suspicious of strangers.
Coat and colors
The coat is long and slightly wavy, the so-called goat type. The hair is hard, dry, a little dull. On the body, the hair length can reach 15 cm, on the head forms a parting, eyebrows and a beard. The undercoat is short, soft, thick, usually lighter than the main color. The coat is fully formed by 8 months of age.
Colors are allowed any solid, with the exception of white. Saturated tones are preferred. The most popular colors: deer, black, gray, brown.
Training and physical activity
Briards are very smart and well trained, but require a special approach: firmness, consistency and calm on the part of the owner, there should be no contradictory instructions or rudeness. Be sure to undergo at least OKD with the dog.
By nature, brie are independent and independent. Lack of training will make these dogs poorly managed and problematic in keeping, and poor socialization can lead to aggressive behavior in relation to other animals.
Physical activity should be very good. Without work for the head and muscles, the complaisant briar can turn into an embittered miserable animal. Walking alone is not enough. Walk necessarily complement training and games. It’s great if the dog is engaged in some kind of sport.
The diet should be appropriate for age, size and physiological condition. It is important that it is well balanced in all essential nutrients. A healthy appearance and well-being will testify to this. Briar is equally well suited as natural feeding, and food prepared with dry feed, the main thing is not to mix the two types.
Due to the tendency to inversion of the stomach, the dog should not be fed immediately before the walk and immediately after exercise. You should also observe the usual portions and completely eliminate foods that cause fermentation processes.
Puppy selection and price
At the age of 2-3 months, puppies already show individual traits, but it is very difficult to say what the character of an adult dog will be, so it’s worth focusing on parents in this matter. The conditions for keeping dogs in the selected kennel should be very good.
The breeder must provide certificates of the absence of genetic diseases in his breeding dogs, documents for puppies, and also complete the necessary preventive measures (deworming, vaccination), which should be noted in the veterinary passport.
Outwardly, puppies should be active and healthy, with a good appetite and a quiet sleep, without a hint of cowardice or nervousness in character. When choosing a puppy briard should pay attention to compliance with the standard:
- The presence of full dewclaws,
- A rectangular muzzle with a prominent nose
- Complete set of teeth
- The bite is right
- Uniform color,
- Long tail reaching the hocks.
Briard is not the most common breed, so buying a puppy can be difficult. It's not only the price, really good dogs are not produced on the assembly line, but are born as a result of infrequent planned mating. The average price of briar puppies from the kennel is 40-50 thousand rubles. Mestizos and puppies from random mating without documents can be significantly cheaper.
The Briard breed is incompatible with other pets. They are too jealous owners. Dogs do not want a place in the heart of the owner for another animal.
French shepherds are indifferent to foreign pets, while the owner does not pay attention to them. It is necessary to caress some St. Bernard, and the briar will explode with indignation.
French briars get along with children, but only if they know how to handle the dog. No dragging for wool and practical jokes - the dogs will not forgive such an attitude.
To outsiders, the briars are coolly alert. And they always wait for the catch. Passers-by should not pet dogs - they will not appreciate familiarity.
It is important that the French Briards are able to properly respond to strangers and animals. They have been socialized since 3 months. If this is not done, the shepherds will grow shy, reserved or aggressive.
Upbringing a Briard
French briards are smart and smart. They quickly understand what they want from them and easily remember complex teams. But dog training is not easy.
The fact is that the Briard dog breed is authoritarian, aware of its strength, has its own opinion on everything, including upbringing. Moreover, standard methods of establishing authority with a pet will not work. He does not like to suppress his will.
In training use only affection, praise and treats. Even the strict tone of the French Briard will be regarded as a violation of the sense of dignity, which is hypertrophied in the breed.
The owner needs to find an approach to a specific puppy. There are no two identical French briards. Which method will work with this tomboy is determined from character traits and habits.
With improper upbringing, a shepherd from France will become a vicious, uncontrollable animal.
The first teams learn from 4 months. At 6-8 months, they undergo a general training course (OKD) and a guided city dog (UGS) course. The rest is at the discretion of the owner. French briards can be taught in any field.
Additionally develop a sharp mind of dogs. They are taught daily little things that require thinking. Open the drawer, bring slippers or a ringing phone, put the bowl in the sink - all this does not let the French briars get bored.
Features of care and maintenance
Dog breed French Briard created for domestic warmth and comfort. They are kept in a spacious enclosure only in summer - shepherds are sensitive to cold and damp.
It is better to have a French Briard in a private house, where the dog can run and frolic on its own in the yard. But French shepherds get along in apartments. The main thing is to take them out to the street more often, play with them and engage.
Caring for French briards is complicated. They do not fade, but their shaggy wool is constantly knocked into tangles.
Briard hair is dry, thin, very confused. And cutting or trimming dogs is prohibited. Therefore, you have to constantly rush around doggies with combs.
Comb the French briards as follows:
- spray the hair with a dog spray that makes it easy to comb, gently untangle the tangled hair with your fingers, if the tassels cannot be disassembled, they are cut with a slitter cutter - but this is an extreme measure, first brush all the hair with a comb with long rare teeth, then with a massage brush, mustache and eyebrows also comb, bangs on the head are not cut, but if it gets into your eyes - they cut it or collect it in stamping.
French briards who do not participate in exhibitions are cut short. This facilitates hair care.
In addition to combing, briars need:
- cut hair between fingers, wipe ears from sulfur and dirt, if they are not cropped - thin out hairs growing in them, wipe muzzle after each meal, clean eyes, remove plaque from teeth with zoopaste and brush - for prevention, gnaw the briar moslaki or treats- toothpicks, trim nails: special attention is paid to the nail plates on the dewclaws - when they grow back they bend inward and dig into the skin.
A long-haired French shepherd does not need frequent bathing days. But washing a briar takes half a day.
They bathe the French briard like this:
- comb the pet to the bathroom (remember about 2 hours per procedure), soak all the wool soaked, apply shampoo for long-haired dogs, diluted in a third of the scoop with water, thoroughly foam, stand for 5-10 minutes and completely rinse - this is difficult due to long thick hair, but you can’t leave even a drop of shampoo, dry the French shepherd with 8-10 towels and comb it again.
Plus briars need quality cosmetics. You will have to spend a considerable amount on expensive shampoos, conditioners, conditioners, balms, sprays and oils.
A dog of the Briard breed is active, it is happy to run and play. It takes 3-4 hours a day to walk the pet, bring it to the countryside, where the dog frolics freely without a leash.
It is important to combine physical and mental stress daily. This is the only way the French Briard will grow a mentally and physiologically healthy dog.
French briards are vaccinated from:
- plague, rabies, parainfluenza, enteritis, herpes, coronavirus.
Watch the hair and skin of French briards. Due to the long thick hair in the coat, parasites constantly settle, which are difficult to detect. Antiparasitic treatment and prevention of helminths every 3 months is indicated.
French Briard is formed by the 2nd year. Although the first estrus in bitches occurs in 8-10 months, it cannot be reduced to a male until fully matured.
The first signs of bearing puppies in a dog are noticeable 1.5 months after mating. It is recommended to do an ultrasound scan - this will eliminate a false pregnancy and allow you to determine the number of coots. Usually 8-10 babies are born.
How to choose a Briard puppy
The breed is small. Therefore, their breeding is controlled by briar clubs. Breeder puppies from the breeder should:
- to have split dewclaws on the hind legs, to be medium-sized - too large or small will not fit into the requirements of the standard, do not have an umbilical hernia, abnormal discharge from the nose, eyes, ears, anus, be decorated with veterinary passports and puppy metrics - they are reissued to pedigrees up to 15 months of age.
Requirements are put forward to parents. Check availability:
- pedigree - closely breeding (inbreeding), a certificate of a dysplasia index of at least B or C, a note in the veterinary passport next to the nickname “sel” should be alerted, it should be selected, the certificate of IPO-1 system standards — the father and mother should have at least 17 points.
How much do puppies cost?
There is a huge variation in prices for French briards - from 10 to 70 thousand rubles. And it’s not a matter of dog classes, but the policy of the kennel: some breeders popularize the breed and give puppies cheap, others try to recover part of the cost of keeping the pets.
The average price for a working-class briar cutie is 30,000 rubles. Show class sell 2 times more expensive.
All nurseries of the French Briards are controlled by the National Breed Club of Russia. On his site there is information about breeders, planned mating and selling puppies: http://briard-club.narod.ru/NKP/VED_ST.htm.
The only nursery that is not a member of the Russian Cynological Union is the Bonanza Briar Center: https://briar-bonanza.ru.
Among the breeders of the National Club of French Briards bred:
A dog of the Briard breed needs training and obedience training, since by nature it has a tendency to be stubborn and sometimes can show its own independence. This must be corrected, but by no means through rudeness and uncompromising pressure.
A dog can learn many different commands, but the basic ones must be learned without fail. And it is worth noting separately the harmonization of character in relation to strangers, since approximately 30% of individuals of this breed are by default hostile to strangers. Perhaps they do not show aggression, but clearly do not differ in friendliness.
You must socialize your dog, introduce it to various people and other animals, which greatly softens the character. In the process of training, be consistent, patient, with a good sense of humor, do not lose your temper for nothing, as well as retreat if the dog does not immediately want to execute commands. And encouragement and goodies will be a good ally in the learning process.
Long and thick hair ideally requires daily combing, and this is not suitable for everyone. But the minimum is combing 3 times a week. They bathe the animal at least once a week, clean their eyes as necessary, and ears three times a week. Claws are cut three times a month.
The Briard dog breed, like all breeds, has some diseases, although it is not a fact that you will meet them with your pet:
- hip dysplasia is a hereditary disease in which the femur does not fit snugly against the hip joint,
- elbow dysplasia
- congenital inpatient night blindness,
- hypothyroidism: this is a thyroid disease. It is believed that hypothyroidism can lead to conditions such as: epilepsy, alopecia (hair loss), obesity, lethargy, hyperpigmentation, pyoderma and other skin diseases,
- progressive retinal atrophy,
- von Willebrand disease,
- gastric torsion, or, as they say "among the people" - inversion of the intestines.