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Encyclopedia of plants with the letter E


Our site has published thousands of materials about a wide variety of plants. From those that grow in almost every garden or on the windowsill, to the exotic in our area - guests from different parts of the world. The authors of "Botanychki" tell readers in detail about the characteristics of these plants, their types and varieties, the rules of cultivation and care at home or on the site.

For the convenience of readers, we have created this alphabetical list of plants. It includes all the plants, which are described in detail in our articles. If you did not find a name in it, use the search on the site, perhaps what you are looking for is mentioned in the comments on the articles or on our forum. We also bring to your attention an alphabetical list of diseases, a list of plant pests and a list of topics that are described in detail on the Botany.

Catalog of plants in letter - E

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Description - Description

Genus plants Episcia (Latin: Episcia) belong to the Gesneriaceae family, which is quite widely represented in indoor floriculture. The description numbers up to forty species common in South America and Central.

Beginning gardeners will simply cope with the description, because it is relatively easy to care for. Descriptions are decorative deciduous flowers, but they can also please with beautiful flowers.

The description has a thick creeping underground shoot and aerial whiskers are often found. The shoots themselves are pubescent. Blue and white flowers are located both singly and in bunches, have a tubular shape with a five-blade bend. Leaves of different colors, oval, are located opposite or singly.

Epiphyllum (lat.Epiphyllum) It belongs to the genus of epiphytic plants of the Cactus family, numbering about 20 species. The name of the plant indicates the presence of leaves: επι in Greek means “on”, “from above”, and φυλλον - leaf. Sometimes the epiphyllum is called phyllocactus or phylocereus. Mexico is considered the birthplace of the flower, as well as the tropics and subtropics of America. The epiphyllum plant was first described in 1812 by Adrian Haworth. Cactus epiphyllum is a popular houseplant.

Flower Erantis (lat.Eranthis), or spring represents the genus of perennial plants of the family Ranunculaceae, numbering seven species. Translated from ancient Greek, the name of the genus means "spring flower". Representatives of this genus grow in Asia and southern Europe. Two species are Chinese endemic, one is the endemic of the Siberian mountains, and one is the Japanese island of Honshu. The type species of the genus was introduced from Europe to North America, and now it can be found there even in the wild. In the culture of erantis since 1570.

Plant Eremurus (lat.Eremurus) , or shiryash , or lump - grassy perennial of the subfamily Asphodel family Xanthorrhoea, which is currently represented by more than 40 species, varieties and hybrids. The name eremurus consists of two roots of the Greek language, which translate as desert and tail, and when you look at the tall, fluffy peduncles of the plant, you will understand what the inhabitants of ancient civilization had in mind when they called the flower of eremurus. And the words shiryash and shrysh among the peoples of Central Asia mean glue, because in these places technical glue is extracted from the roots of the plant. They also make a patch from the roots of eremurus, having dried them and crushed into powder. Boiled roots that taste like asparagus are eaten, as are the leaves of some (not all!) Species. All parts of eremurus can dye natural fibers in yellow.

The first eremurus was described by the Russian geographer, traveler and naturalist Peter Pallas in 1773, and in the 60s of the XIX century eremurus were already grown in the botanical gardens of Russia and Western Europe, and a little more than half a century later, the first hybrids of the eremurus were bred, and selection work has not stopped since then.

Flower small petals, or erigeron (lat. Erigeron) - a genus of herbaceous plants of the Astrovian family, which includes, according to various sources, from 200 to 400 species, 180 of which are found in North America. Some of the small petals are grown as ornamental plants. The name of the genus comes from two Greek words, which in translation means “early” and “old man”: quickly ripening seeds of erigerone are decorated with a grayish tuft.

Kandyk or erythronium (lat.Erythronium) - a genus of herbaceous perennials of the Liliaceae family, whose representatives grow in nature in the mountain forests of North America, Europe, Southern Siberia, Manchuria and Japan. Mention of this early spring ephemeroid can be found in the writings of Dioscorides. Karl Linnaeus gave the Latin name to the genus, and it is formed from the Greek name of one of the species. And the word “kandyk” is of Turkic origin and is translated as “dog’s tooth”. Some types of erythronium (Caucasian, Japanese, and Siberian kandyks) are considered endangered and are listed in the Red Book. In total, there are 29 species in the genus, and some of them are grown as cultivated plants.

Eukomis, or eukomis or pineapple lily (lat. Eucomis) - a genus of flowering monocotyledonous bulbous plants of the Asparagus family. In nature, representatives of the genus are found in South Africa. Translated from the Greek language "eukomis" means "beautiful-haired". This name was received by the plant of the genus from Charles Louis Lerieri de Brutel in 1788. Four species are grown in culture, although there are 14 of them in total. The advantage of eukisis is its high decorativeness not only during long flowering, but also after it.

Eustoma (lat.Eustoma) also called lisianthus (lat Lisianthus - bitter flower), or “Irish rose”, or “Texas bell”, or “Japanese rose”, refers to the gentian family. Translated from Latin, “eustoma” literally means “beautiful mouth”, and in the more literary version - “beautifully speaking”. The homeland of eustomas is considered the south of North America, Mexico, the north of South America and the islands of the Caribbean. Legend of the American Indians says that for the first time eustoma bloomed on the grave of an innocent girl, mortified by the spirit of the war because she refused to become his wife. Irish physician and botanist Patrick Brown opened the eustoma to Europeans.

The plant is very popular among flower growers, as it is grown for cutting, since freshly cut eustoma can stand in a vase with water for up to three weeks. As a houseplant cultivated since the nineties of the last century

Lily eucharis (lat.Eucharis) belongs to the genus of bulbous plants of the Amaryllis family. The genus has about 20 species. Translated from Greek, “eucharis” means “elegant”, which, no doubt, characterizes both the flowers and leaves of the plant. In places of its natural habitat, in Central and South America from Guatemala to Bolivia, the eucharis flower grows in the lower tier of moist forests, in the shade. Eucharis is also called the "Amazonian lily", since the largest number of species of this plant is observed on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in Colombia and western Amazonia. In Europe, the eucharis plant was introduced in the first half of the 19th century, and very soon it became a recognized and popular plant in our gardens and window sills.

Echeveria (lat.Echeveria), or echeveria - a genus of succulent herbaceous perennials of the family Crassulaceae. The genus has about 170 species, most of which are common in Mexico, but some of them are found in the United States and South America. The name of the genus was given in honor of Atanasio Echeverria y Godoy, a Mexican artist who illustrated books on the flora of Mexico. Aborigines call this plant "stone flower" or "stone rose."

Flower Echinacea (lat.Echinacea) belongs to the genus of perennials of the family Astrovidae, or Asteraceae, including 9 species. Echinacea is native to eastern North America. From Greek, the name of the plant is translated as "hedgehog, or prickly, like a hedgehog." The most famous species in the genus is Echinacea purpurea, it is also purple rudbeckia, which is widely used in folk and traditional medicine, as well as in decorative gardening. Karl Linnaeus first described the Echinacea in 1753, attributing it to the Rudbeckian genus, but forty years later the Echinacea was separated into a separate genus, since noticeable differences were found between the two plants.

Echinopsis (lat.Echinopsis) - a genus of plants of the Cactus family, of which many are grown in room culture. The name of the genus, derived from the Greek language and meaning "similar to a hedgehog," was proposed by Karl Linnaeus in 1737 for the similarity of the representatives of the genus with a thorny animal curled up in a ball. Echinopsis is common in South America and is found in the territory from southern Argentina to northern Bolivia, as well as in southern Brazil, Uruguay, in the foothills and valleys of the Andes.

Echinopsis, like no other cacti, is common in indoor floriculture. In Europe, they have been cultivated since 1837. Serious breeding work was carried out with these plants, and today the genus is represented in room culture not only by a multitude of species, of which more than 130, but also by a large number of hybrid varieties of various colors.

Ehmeya - description

Echmea (lat.Aechmea) - a genus from the family of bromeliad plants that grow mainly in South and Central America with a total of up to 180 species. The flower Ehmeya got its name due to the shape of the bracts, and “aechme” (Greek) means the tip of the peak.

Representatives of the genus, depending on the species, can be both epiphytic and terrestrial plants there. Among other bromeliad plants, echmea is distinguished by the presence of thorns at the edges of the leaf plate. The leaves are collected in a socket, can be either monophonic or variegated, are dense and hard or leathery, but soft. The fruit of echmea is a berry.

Despite the fact that each leaf rosette blooms only once, ehmeya is quite popular in indoor culture. In addition, care for echmea at home is relatively simple compared to other bromeliads.

Flowers eschscholzia (lat. Eschscholzia) , or california poppy - a genus of the Poppy family, which includes about a dozen species growing in the West of North America. An old legend says that when in the 16th century, Spanish gold miners sailed to the shores of America in search of gold mines, they saw a golden glow 35 miles from the coast and, deciding that this was what they were looking for, rushed to the coast of California. How disappointed they were when it turned out that it was the golden fields of eshsoltsia. Since then, the Spaniards jokingly called this flower Copa de Ora - a golden bowl.

The name "eschscholzia" was given to the plant in honor of the Russian natural scientist, zoologist, doctor and botanist Johann Friedrich von Eschholz, who brought the flower from California to Russia. This plant is as beautiful and romantic as it is unpretentious, which is why it is gaining more and more popularity among gardeners, especially since eschscholia blooms in the flowerbed very abundantly from early summer to almost winter, and although one flower lives for only 3-4 days , he is immediately replaced by a few more flowers and buds.

Myrtle family

Young eucalyptus plants have beautiful gray-green leaves with a characteristic odor. They grow successfully in normal room conditions, if you provide them with coolness and good lighting. In the summer, pots can be set outdoors. Pinching the shoots restrains their growth and stimulates the appearance of young leaves - old leaves are much less beautiful. Usually the plant is kept for two years, then thrown away.

  • Temperature: Moderate or slightly lower than moderate, 7-12 ° C in winter.
  • Lighting: Bright light, responds well to a certain amount of direct sunlight.
  • Watering:
  • Air humidity: It does not require spraying.
  • Transfer: Annually in the spring.
  • Reproduction: Seeds in the spring, germinate at a temperature of 18 ° C.

Gentian family

Exakum is a small, neat plant that goes on sale very small. Pale lilac flowers with a yellow center are also medium-sized. Nevertheless, this plant has several attractive properties: it blooms profusely with fragrant flowers from mid-summer to late autumn. He does not like high temperature, demanding on lighting. To make the plant bloom longer, choose a copy with unopened buds when buying.

Secrets to Flower Care Success

  • Temperature: Moderate or slightly below moderate - approximately 15-20 ° C.
  • Lighting: Bright light from the hot summer sun should be shaded.
  • Watering: Plentiful all the time.
  • Air humidity: Requires frequent spraying of leaves.
  • Care after flowering: The plant is thrown away.
  • Reproduction: Seed at the end of summer.

Crassulaceae family

Eoniums have many garden forms: yellow-leaved, with the usual green foliage, bronze, purple and almost black. Eonium tree-like has trunks that are exposed over time, and the rosette of leaves remains only in the upper part. Under good conditions, this shrub reaches 1 m in height. To preserve the decorative appearance characteristic of young plants, the eonium tree is regularly cut. Eonium longline does not have time to grow any long stem - in the second year of culture it blooms, after which the plant completely dies. The only way to maintain this species is by sowing seeds. Your task is to collect and sow the seeds in time. Sprinkle small seeds on the surface of a mixture of sheet and turf ground with sand (1: 1: 1), spray from a spray bottle and cover with glass. At a temperature of about 12 ° C, the seeds germinate easily. Quite original and aeonium sinuous with rounded, velvety-pubescent leaves. This species forms abundantly branched squat bushes. Eonium sinuous has a pillow-shaped shape. The "pillow" grows rather slowly, and she will not need rejuvenation soon. The ease of obtaining cuttings makes this aonium a very popular indoor plant.
In winter, all aoniums prefer a bright and cool place (6-8 ° C). In summer, they should be placed in a sunny and warm place, protected from drafts. Watering is moderate; in winter, watering should be almost stopped. Every 14 days it is useful to feed aeonium with fertilizers for cacti.
Of the pests on the plant, you can find a mealybug and a spider mite. In a dark place, the eonium sockets turn green.

Gesnerius family

The description is a beautiful ampel plant, which has never been distributed as widely as its famous relative, the Uzambara violet. It is difficult to grow in isolation or in a hanging basket, because it requires high humidity. However, in a wetter microclimate among tall plants, it grows well as a groundcover. In culture, there are two types - copper epistemis and carnation flowering. At the epistemis copper the more spectacular leaves are large, crusty, with silver or pale green veins, creeping shoots reach a length of 50 cm. At the epistemis clove-flowered on a whisker, rosettes of smaller leaves are located. Both species bloom throughout the summer, whiskers take root in the soil, forming daughter rosettes. After flowering, the shoots should be shortened.
Description - an ampelous evergreen perennial small plant, rather capricious, requiring constantly high humidity and high (in winter at least 18 ° C) air and soil temperatures. Two types are common in room culture: clove-flowering and copper-colored ones, which served as the basis for breeding various forms and hybrids, differing in size and color of the leaves.
Carnation has two types of shoots: some are shortened, others are longer, with a thin mustache, on which daughter sockets grow over time. The leaves are medium-sized (3 cm long and 2 cm wide), velvety-pubescent, elliptical or ovoid in shape, fissured at the edge, dark green in color. A purple line runs through the middle of the leaf blade. The flowers are white, rather large (up to 4 cm in diameter), tubular, fringed along the edge.
Copulation is a larger plant compared to the previous species. The leaves are elliptical, wrinkled along the edge, wrinkled, with a thick brownish-red pubescence, usually reach a length of 8-10 cm, a width of 6-7 cm. The leaf blade has a brownish-dark green color with silver stripes. The flowers are fiery red with a yellow pharynx, about 3-4 cm in diameter.

Lily family

The English name of eukomis “ananas-plant” is due to the fact that the spectacular inflorescence has a great resemblance to pineapple. A brush of greenish-creamy flowers crowns a rosette of leaves ("crest"). Flowers open at the same time, creating a “wave” of flowering that runs through the inflorescence from bottom to top, which allows the plant to remain attractive for a long time. There are species with fragrant flowers, such as point eukomis. But the most beautiful eukomis is two-colored, which is admired as long as the plant has leaves. The first leaves appearing from the bulb are collected in a rosette. They are very long (up to 60 cm), therefore, during the growth period, eukomis needs to be provided with a lot of space on the windowsill so that it does not interfere with other plants. Each leaf is surrounded by a purple border, especially spectacular because of the curly edge of the leaves.
Purchased bulbs can be stored in a household refrigerator at a temperature of about 10 ° C. Plant them in March - April so that the top of the bulb is at the level of the substrate. Eukomis grow well in a mixture of equal amounts of sand, humus and sod land (1: 1: 1).
In nature, eukomys are found in humid places, therefore, during the growth period, watering should be plentiful (but without stagnation in the pan). From the beginning of the unfolding of the leaves to flowering, they give 2-3 top dressing with complex mineral fertilizers.
Eukomys are especially responsive to summer transplantation in open ground. Provide them with a sunny, protected from the north winds place. In this case, they form a large bulb, which is dug up in the fall for winter storage.
If you do not have a plot of land, then take eukomis to the balcony for the summer. This is especially useful during the flowering period, as many find that the echomis bicolor has a too sugary sweet smell.
After all the flowers have faded, watering is limited. When the leaves turn yellow, they completely stop. Propagate eukomis by children or (much less often) by seeds.

Amaryllis family

This native of the Colombian Andes is a very plastic plant, which over the decades of cultivation has completely adapted to indoor cultivation. The English name "Amazonian Lily" does not correspond to the arrangement of the flower, which could rightfully be called the "Amazonian Daffodil." The name Eucharis in Greek means "full of charms, graces," "pleasant." Judge for yourself: snow-white flowers reach 12 cm in diameter. Thanks to the long tube, the whisk hangs gracefully down. Stamens form a crown inserted into a frame of six wide tepals. On superficial observation, it seems that the flower looks like a large daffodil. We add that the flowers have an exquisite and delicate aroma. Under favorable conditions, eucharis can form two peduncles, each of which is crowned with 2-6 flowers.
It seems strange that this bulbous plant is not on the list of best-selling indoor plants. The fact is that it does not tolerate cold nights and in winter it requires a temperature of at least 15 ° C. If you grow eucharis from the bulb yourself, and did not buy it in the store, then plant the bulb in spring or autumn and keep it in a warm place until it sprouts. Water sparingly at this time.